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Current Affairs Today – October 14 2016

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CAT OctoberINDIAN AFFAIRS

2nd Meeting of Heads of Export Credit Agencies(ECAs) of BRICS held in New Delhi
i. The 2nd Meeting of Heads of Export Credit Agencies of BRICS (BRICS ECAs) was held at New Delhi , as part of a series of events being organised under the chairmanship of India of BRICS Forum.
ii. The meeting was part of series of events being organised under the Chairmanship of India of BRICS Forum. It was organized parallel with meetings of BRICS Trade Ministers. The meeting was hosted by ECGC Limited, a premier Export Credit Agency of India.
iii. Members of the BRICS ECAs Forum are also the members of the International Union of Export Credit and Investment Insurers, London (U.K.) which is also known as Berne Union. BRICS ECAs are actively involved in facilitating cross-border trade by supporting export credits and foreign investments.

Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi inaugurated ‘Women of India Festival 2016’ in New Delhi
i. The Minister of Women & Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi inaugurated ‘Women of India Festival 2016’ of organic products by women at Dilli Haat at INA, New Delhi..
ii. It promotes women entrepreneurs from across India. Participants from the remotest areas of the country will travel to Delhi for the entire duration of the festival and sell their unique products in the capital.Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi inaugurated ‘Women of India Festival 2016’ in New Delhi
iii. This initiative is a move to benefit women entrepreneurs, and also actively promote organic food and products.The Festival will offer on sale the biggest selection of organic products ranging from food, fabrics and furniture to wellness, personal care and solar products
iv. Smt Maneka Gandhi had highlighted the importance of making a shift to organic that Organic foods had been proven to contain more vitamins, minerals and nutrients than similar foods produced with chemical fertilizers, pesticides and preservatives.
v.Organic farming relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost, and natural methods of pest control. Children are particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of pesticide exposure. We will make a concerted effort to make this alternative a popularly used one.

Andhra Pradesh govt released Rs. 99.62 crore under AMRUT scheme
i. Under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) scheme, Andhra Pradesh has released Rs.99.62 crore to AP-Urban Finance and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (AP-UFIDC) for the year 2016-17.
ii. The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in June 2015 with the focus of the urban renewal projects is to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewerage networks and water supply for urban transformation
iii. The scheme is being implemented in 33 cities and towns in the State, including Amaravati. Vijayawada, Guntur, and Visakhapatnam find a place in the list of cities set for a major upgrade of infrastructure in the coming years.
iv. Rajasthan was the first state in the country to submit State Annual Action Plan under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

“Global Tuberculosis Report 2016” – By WHO
i. The new Global Tuberculosis Report 2016 released by the World Health Organisation. New data published by WHO in its 2016 “Global Tuberculosis Report” show that countries need to move much faster to prevent, detect, and treat the disease if they are to meet global targets.
ii. It is noted that India has been underreporting its tuberculosis burden by almost half, it appears. World Health Organisation updated the estimate of incidence – that is, the number of new tuberculosis cases in a year – from 1.7 million cases to 2.8 million in 2015.
iii. An estimated 1.8 million people died from TB in 2015, of whom 0.4 million were co-infected with HIV. Although global TB deaths fell by 22% between 2000 and 2015, the disease was one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide in 2015, responsible for more deaths than HIV and malaria.
iv. Three countries carry the major burden of MDR-TB – India, China, and the Russian Federation – which together account for nearly half of all cases globally.

Israel Suspends UNESCO Cooperation Over Jerusalem Draft
i. Israel suspended cooperation with the UNESCO, a day after the U.N. cultural agency adopted a draft resolution on the Temple Mount and Western Wall.
ii. As per the document posted on UNESCO’s website, the holy sites will be referred to by their Arabic name, Haram esh-Sharif, while the Hebrew terms will only appear in quotation marks in UN references.
iii. According to Israel’s Officials, UNESCO ignores thousands of years of Jewish ties to Jerusalem and of aiding Islamic terrorism.
Israel :
♦ Capital: Jerusalem
♦ Currency: Israeli new shekel
♦ Prime minister: Benjamin Netanyahu

BANKING & FINANCE

SEBI banned 21 entities in tax evasion case
i. Securities and Exchange Board of India, SEBI has banned 21 entities in a case related to tax evasion and illegal gains through misuse of stock exchange mechanism.
ii. Sebi in an interim order dated June 1 had barred Dhyana Finstock and 75 other entities, including the above 21, from the market for using the securities system to artificially bump up volume and price of the scrip to provide illegitimate gains to preferential allottees.
iii. The end purpose is to claim long-term capital gains (LTCG) benefits. Sebi had prima facie found that the entities acted in concert for implementation of the dubious plan, device and artifice that has led to the misuse of stock exchange mechanism.
sebiSEBI :
♦ The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India. It was established in the year 1988 and given statutory powers on 12 April 1992 through the SEBI Act, 1992.
♦ Headquarters: Mumbai.
♦ Chairman: U.K.Sinha.

BUSINESS

CCEA approved revision of ethanol prices for public sector OMCs
i. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the mechanism for revision of ethanol price for supply to Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs)
ii. The revised administered price will facilitate OMCs to carry out the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme for the next sugar season 2016-17.
iii. 
Additionally, charges will be given to the ethanol suppliers as per actuals in case of Excise Duty and VAT/GST and transportation charges as decided by OMCs.
iv. Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme
was launched by the Government in 2003 which has been extended to the Notified 21 States and 4 Union Territories to promote the use of alternative and environment friendly fuels. This intervention also sought to reduce import dependency for energy requirements.
v.
Ethanol supplies increased to 67.4 crore litres in 2014-15 and the projected supplies for ethanol supply year 2015-16 are around 120 crore litres. The objective to fix the delivered price of ethanol has been achieved to a large extent.

India got first Iranian oil parcel 
i. India has received the first parcel of Iranian oil to partly fill its strategic storage in southern India, Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd, which imported the very large crude carrier (VLCC).MRPL shipped in 2 million barrels of Iranian oil in the very large crude carrier Dino.
ii. The country will fill half of the storage with 6 million barrels of Iranian oil while continuing talks with United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia for the remainder.
iii. A second parcel to be procured by Bharat Petroleum Corp. is scheduled to arrive around Oct. 25, two sources with direct knowledge of the matter.
iv. India, which is seeking to hedge against energy security risks as it imports about 80 India got first Iranian oil parcelpercent of its oil needs, is building emergency storage in vast underground caverns at three locations in southern India to hold a total of 36.87 million barrels of crude, enough to cover almost two weeks of demand
Iran:
♦ Capital: Tehran.
♦ Currency: Iranian rial.
♦ President: Hassan Rouhani.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Mashelkar honoured with V Krishnamurthy award
i. The prestigious ‘V Krishnamurthy Award for Excellence’was presented to eminent scientist and former Director-General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, RA Mashelkar.
ii. Former Governor of Tamil Nadu K Rosaiah presented the award to Mashelkar at the Centre for Organisation Development (COD) in the presence of Habil F Khorakiwala, Founder Chairman, Wockhardt Group and Chairman of the Board of Governors, COD among other dignitaries.
iii. The award is instituted by Centre for Organisation Development (COD) to honour individuals who have set high standards of achievement in pursuit of excellence in their respective professions.

Priyanka Chopra joined JLo, Oprah Winfrey on Powerful Women List
i. Actress Priyanka Chopra added  another feature to her cap. The Quantico star has joined media mogul Oprah Winfrey and pop star Jennifer Lopez in Variety magazine’s ‘Power of Women Impact’ List.
ii.The magazine detailed Priyanka’s recent projects like The Jungle Book, Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s Bajirao. Mastani and Quantico Season 2.
iii. Other Hollywood stars on the list are Margot Robbie, Amy Poehler, Alicia Vikander, Brie Larson and Bad Moms Team which includes Suzanne Todd, Mila Kunis, Kristen Bell, Kathryn Hahn, Christina Applegate, Jada Pinkett-Smith, Annie Mumolo.
iv. Priyanka Chopra was on born 18 July 1982 is an Indian actress, singer, philanthropist, and the winner of the Miss World 2000 pageant.
v. She was awarded the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, by the Government of India in 2016. That same year, Time named her as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.

India’s hockey captain PR Sreejesh bagged Jimmy George award
i. Indian hockey team captain, PR. Sreejesh has bagged the 28th Jimmy George foundation award instituted for the best sports person in the state.
PR Sreejeshii. The award carries a purse of Rs.25,000 and a citation that would be presented to Sreejesh in December 3,at Peravoor. Peravoor in this district of Kerala is the birthplace of Jimmy George,who was the first professional volleyball player to represent the nation.
iii. Sreejesh, who led India in the 2016 Rio Olympics is an Arjuna awardee. He has bagged the Dhruv Batra award in 2015.Some of his achievements areThe gold at the Incheon Asian games in 2014, the silver at Glasgow Commonwealth games in the same year and the bronze at hockey World League.
iv. Jimmy George was born March 8, 1955 in Peravoor. He is often considered one of the greatest volleyball players of all time and was a member of India men’s national volleyball team. He was the first Indian volleyball player to become a professional and played club volleyball in Italy.

Pune-based innovator Satish Pathak gets international automation award
i. Satish Pathak from Pune has been awarded the the Excellence in Technical Innovation by the International Society of Automation for Digital Controlled Valve for Precise Liquid Dispensing by Gravity flow, has the capacity of saving for the industry and is a step change technology in industrial valves.
ii. project had received a grant from the department of science and technology (DIST)
iii. He would be starting the first commercial usage of the project at Kalyan for a company dealing with natural honey soon.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Asha Kharga, marketing head of Brooke Bond and Lipton, joins Axis Bank
i. Asha Kharga(42), marketing head of Brooke Bond & Lipton, Hindustan Unilever  has joined Axis Bank as their head of marketing announced by Executive director of Axis Bank Rajiv Anand.She replace Sagnik Ghosh
ii. She has worked with Unilever group from 2008 onwards. Before Hindustan Unilever, she worked in Leo Burnett Group, JWT, TBWA.
Axis Bank:
♦ It is the third largest private-sector banks in India
♦ CEO: Shikha Sharma
♦  Headquarters: Mumbai

Valvoline Ropes In Virat Kohli As Brand Ambassador
i. Valvoline Cummins India has roped cricketer Virat Kohli as its brand ambassador of it’s engine oils and lubricants range.Valvoline Ropes In Virat Kohli
ii. He is an Indian international cricketer and  who current captain of the Indian team in Test cricket and vice-captain of Team.
iii. Previous month Kohli appointed as the brand ambassador of Punjab National Bank
iv. He was appointed as their Brand Ambassador of Celkon Mobiles and also joins Premier Futsal football league as brand ambassador on April 2016

Ajay Kumar Bhalla Appointed New DGFT
i. Senior IAS officer Ajay Kumar Bhalla has been appointed as the Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT).
ii. Bhalla is currently working as the additional secretary in the commerce ministry.
Other Appointments:
♦ Anup Wadhawan was appointed as additional secretary in the commerce ministry
♦ Inder Jit Singh has been appointed as additional secretary in the commerce ministry.
DGFT:
The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) is the agency of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry of GOI responsible for administering laws regarding foreign trade and foreign investment in India.

ENVIRONMENT

India to eliminate potent greenhouse gas HFC-23 by 2030
i. Taking the lead on tackling climate change, India will eliminate the use of HFC-23, a greenhouse gas that harms the ozone layer, by 2030.
ii. The announcement came at a meeting of parties to the Montreal Protocol at Kigali in Rwanda where final negotiations are taking place to substantially reduce the use of HFCs (hydro fluoro carbons) by 2030. The Montreal Protocol, which came into force in 1989, is aimed at reducing the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in order to protect the earth’s fragile ozone layer.
iii. Anil Madhav Dave, minister of state for environment, forests and climate change, who is leading the Indian team, has given the go-ahead for releasing the order for incinerating the HFC–23 by producers of HCFC–22 gas.
iv. Signing the orders, Manoj Kumar Singh, joint secretary in the MoEF and lead Indian negotiator, highlighted the fact that even with complete phase out of HCFCs for usage as refrigerants under the Montreal Protocol that its production will continue for feedstock purposes.

SPORTS

Former F1 driver Mark Webber announced retirement
i. Former Formula One driver Mark Webber would retire from professional racing at the end of the world endurance season in Bahrain in November.
Mark Webberii. The Winner of nine Formula One grand prix with Red Bull Webber has been racing in the World Endurance Championship with Porsche.
iii. With three races remaining in the current season, Webber has announced his retirement before becoming a “Porsche representative” next year.
iv. The Australian won the World Endurance title with Porsche in 2015 with Germany’s Timo Bernhard and New Zealander Brendon Hartley.He competed in 215 Formula One races for Minardi, Jaguar, Williams and Red Bull before leaving in 2013.

OBITUARY

Pakistani footballer Shahlyla Baloch passes away in Karachi car accident
i. Pakistan women’s football team striker Shahlyla Baloch passes away in Karachi car accident
ii. The 20 years old Baloch was the first female Pakistani ever to score a hat-trick at senior level. 
iii. She had featured for her country at the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) Women Football
Championship 2014 in Islamabad when she was just 18. It was the last occasion when the Pakistan team played in an International event.

IMPORTANT DAYS

‘World Standards Day’ – October 14
i. ‘World Standards Day’/”International standards day” is celebrated internationally each year on 14 October by the members of the IEC, ISO and ITU celebrate World Standards Day.world-standard-day
ii. World Standards Day, which is a means of paying tribute to the collaborative efforts of the thousands of experts worldwide who develop the voluntary technical agreements that are published as international standards.
iii. The theme for World Standards Day 2016 is “Standards Build Trust”.
About IEC, ISO and ITU:
♦ International Electrotechnical Commission – IEC: Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland, President – Junji Nomura
♦ International Organization for Standardization – ISO: Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
♦ International Telecommunication Union – ITU or UIT: Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland, Head – Houlin Zhao