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English Grammar : Active passive voice rules part – 2

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Active passive voice rules part – 1

  Active Passive
11. Ditransitive (verb with two object)  
  I gave him a book. A book is given to him by me.

Or

He is given a book by me.

 

  The manager will give you a ticket. A ticket will be given to you by the manager.

Or

You will be given a ticket by the manager.

 

     
12. With object compliment  
  They made him their king. He was made their king.

 

  They named her Jessica. She was named Jessica.
     
13. Static verbs- verbs that shows state of mind or feeling, not the action

Subject+ verb+ object prepositions other than by

 
  These people know him well. He is well known to these people.
  The book has greatly interested me. I have been greatly interested in the book.
   

 

 
14. Infinitive simple (to+V1st ) is/am/are/was/were+ infinitive (to+be+V3rd)
  I was to help him. He was to be helped.
  We are to help him. He is to be helped.
     
15. Bare infinitive Full infinitive
  They made me laugh. I was made to laugh.
  We saw the camel cross the road. The camel was seen to cross the road.
     
  But let does not take a full infinitive even in the passive voice  
  We let him go. He was let go.

 

     

 

16. Verb+ object+ bare infinitive Be+ V3rd+full infinitive
  I saw her sing a song. She was seen to sing a song.

 

  I found him cross the road. He was found to cross the road.

 

     

 

17. There is/are etc. + subject+ infinitive There is/are etc.+ subject+ to+ be+ V3rd
  There is nothing to gain.

 

There is nothing to be gained.
  There is no money to waste. There is no money to be wasted.

 

 

 

   

 

18. It is time + infinitive It is time+ for+ S(receiver)+ to+ be+ V3rd
  It is time to learn French. It is time for French to be learnt.

 

  It is now time to play cricket. It is now time for cricket to be played.

 

 

 

   
19. Imperative : order/command Let+ object+ be+ V3rd
  Close all the gates at once. Let all the gates be closed at once.

 

  Give the order to open fire. Let the order to open fire be given.

 

     

 

20. Imperative: advice Should/must+ be+ V3rd
  Take medicine on time. Medicine should be taken on time.

 

  Love your country. Your country should be loved.
     

 

 

21.

Imperative request(with please/kindly)  
  Please give me some more time. You are requested to give me some more time.

Or

I may please be given some more time.

Or

Some more time may please be given to me.

 

  Kindly grant me a week’s leave.

 

You are requested to grant me a week’s leave.

Or

I may kindly be granted a week’s leave.

Or

A week’s leave may kindly be granted to me.

 

 

   
22. Imperative Let

Let+ indirect object+ V1st+ direct object

Let+ direct object+ be+ V3rd+ by+ indirect object
  Let her sing a song. Let a song be sung by her.
  Let me discuss the matter. Let the matter be discussed.