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English Grammar : Active passive voice rules part – 1

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Voice

Definitionvoice refers to the form of the verb that indicates whether the doer of an action is the subject or object in a sentence.

John (subject, doer or agent of the action) ate an apple (object, doer or agent of the action)

There are two type of voice-

  1. Active voice
  2. Passive voice

Active voice In active voice a sentence begins with a subject (They, The teacher).

Example – They will do the work.

Passive voiceIn passive voice a sentence begins with an object (The work) .

Example – The work will be done by them.

Formation of passive voice

1) The object in the active becomes the subject in the passive.

2) The subject of the active is expressed as by+ agent.

3) The active verb becomes be+ past participle (3rd form of the verb)

4) To be forms (is, am, are, was, were, be, been, being) are used.

How to make a Passive Voice

Rule no. Active Passive
1. Present Simple

V1st s/es

 

Is/am/are +V3rd

  She likes butter. Butter is liked by her.
  I like apples. Apples are liked by me.
 
2. Present continuous

is/ am/ are+ V ing form

 

Is/ am/ are + being + V3rd

  He is not sweeping the floor. The floor is not being swept by him.
  They were carrying the injured player off the field. The injured player was being carried off the field.
 
3. Present perfect

Has/ have + V3rd

 

Has/ have been + V3rd

  The have played cricket. Cricket has been played by them.
  People have seen wolves in the streets. Wolves have been seen in the streets.
 
4. Past simple

V2nd

 

Was/ were + V3rd

  The teacher taught me to speak English. I was taught to speak English by the teacher.
  They killed a terrorist yesterday. A terrorist was killed by them yesterday.
 
5. Past continuous

Was/were +V ing form

 

Was/ were +being +V3rd

  The peon was ringing the bell. The bell was being rung by the peon.
  They were playing cricket. Cricket was being played by them.
 
6. Past perfect

Had + V3rd

 

Had +been + V3rd

  He had stolen my toys. My toys had been stolen by him.
  She had eaten fruits. Fruits had been eaten by her.
 
7. Future simple

Will/ shall + V1st

 

Will/ shall +be+ V3rd

People will help him. He will be helped.
  He will like books. Book will be liked by him.
 
8. Future perfect

Will/shall+ have+ V3rd

 

Will/ shall + have + been + V3rd

  She will have written an application. An application have been written by her.
  He will have invited me. I shall have been invited by him.
 
9. MODEL SIMPLE

Modal (can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to, used to) + V1st

 

Modal +be + V3rd

  He may attend the class. The class may be attended by him.
  The girl would write a book. A book would be written by the girl.
 
10. MODAL PERFECT

Modal + have + V3rd

 

Modal + have +been +V3rd

  We ought to have loved our parents. Our parents ought to have been loved.
  I should have helped him. He should have been helped.

 

Active passive voice rules part – 2