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Reasoning Questions: Machine Input-Output Set 13

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Hello Aspirants. Welcome to Online Reasoning Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating Best question samples from Machine Input-output, which is common for all the IBPS, SBI , LIC, and other competitive exams. We have included questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams !!!

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: at ap it eat am ink uper
Step I: sam at ap it eat ink uper
Step II: sam super at ap it eat ink
Step III: sam super sap at it eat ink
Step IV: sam super sap sit at eat ink
Step V: sam super sap sit sat eat ink
Step VI: sam super sap sit sat sink eat
Step VII: sam super sap sit sat sink seat

This is the final arrangement and step VII is the last step for this input.

  1. What is the third step of given input?
    Input : at it art in ork east ab

    A) fab fork fart at it in eat
    B) fab fork fart at fit in east
    C) fab fork art at it in east
    D) fab fork fart at it in east
    E) None of these
    D) fab fork fart at it in east
    Explanation:

    S is added at the start of all given words, first ‘a’ is taken, then from last ‘u’ is taken alphabetically
    Input: at it art in ork east ab
    Step I: fab at it art in ork east
    Step II: fab fork at it art in east
    Step III: fab fork fart at it in east

  2. Which of the following is step VI of above input?
    A) fab fork fart it fat fin east
    B) fab fork fart fit fat east in
    C) fab fork fart fit fat fin east
    D) fab fork fart fit fat in east
    E) There is no such step
    C) fab fork fart fit fat fin east
    Explanation:

    Input: at it art in ork east ab
    Step I: fab at it art in ork east
    Step II: fab fork at it art in east
    Step III: fab fork fart at it in east
    Step IV: fab fork fart fit at in east
    Step V: fab fork fart fit fat in east
    Step VI: fab fork fart fit fat fin east

  3. Which of the following steps will be the last but one for following input?
    Input : at it art in ork east ab

    A) V
    B) III
    C) IV
    D) VII
    E) VI
    E) VI
    Explanation:

    There is no need to write all steps, because in each step something is added, 7 words in input means 7 total steps, so last but one is 6th

  4. Find the step which is 2 steps above the last step of input
    Input: port ink can ing ank up cam

    A) sank sup scam scan ink ing port
    B) sank sup scam sport ink can ing
    C) sank sup scam sport scan sink ing
    D) sank sup scam sport scan ink ing
    E) None of these
    D) sank sup scam sport scan ink ing
    Explanation:

    Step I: sank port ink can ing up cam
    Step II: sank sup port ink can ing cam
    Step III: sank sup scam port ink can ing
    Step IV: sank sup scam sport ink can ing
    Step V: sank sup scam sport scan ink ing – two steps above
    Step VI: sank sup scam sport scan sink ing
    Step VII: sank sup scam sport scan sink sing – final

  5. Which of the following word is 4th from the right end of step VI of above input in 4th question?
    A) ink
    B) port
    C) scam
    D) sport
    E) None of these
    D) sport
    Explanation:

    Step VI: sank sup scam sport scan sink ing

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: shoot 86 23 under 44 best oat 75
Step I: 75 shoot 86 23 under 44 best oat
Step II: 75 23 shoot 86 under 44 best oat
Step III: 75 23 86 shoot under 44 best oat
Step IV: 75 23 86 44 shoot under best oat
Step V: 75 23 86 44 oat shoot under best
Step VI: 75 23 86 44 oat under shoot best
Step VII: 75 23 86 44 oat under best shoot
This is the final arrangement and step VII is the last step for this input.

  1. Which of the following is the second step for input
    Input: wife 23 step 56 87 orange ice 22

    A) 87 23 wife 56 step orange ice 22
    B) 87 wife 23 step 56 orange ice 22
    C) 87 23 wife step 56 orange ice 22
    D) 56 23 wife step 87 orange ice 22
    E) None of these
    C) 87 23 wife step 56 orange ice 22
    Explanation:

    Odd numbers in descending order, then even numbers in desc order, then vowels in ascending and then consonants in ascending
    Input: wife 23 step 56 87 orange ice 22
    Step I: 87 wife 23 step 56 orange ice 22
    Step II: 87 23 wife step 56 orange ice 22

  2. Which is the following step?
    Step: 87 23 56 22 ice wife step orange

    A) VI
    B) III
    C) IV
    D) V
    E) There is no such step
    D) V
    Explanation:

    Input: wife 23 step 56 87 orange ice 22
    Step I: 87 wife 23 step 56 orange ice 22
    Step II: 87 23 wife step 56 orange ice 22
    Step III: 87 23 56 wife step orange ice 22
    Step IV: 87 23 56 22 wife step orange ice
    Step V: 87 23 56 22 ice wife step orange

  3. Which of the following is the last step of above input?
    A) III
    B) VI
    C) VII
    D) IX
    E) None of these
    C) VII
    Explanation:

    Input: wife 23 step 56 87 orange ice 22
    Step I: 87 wife 23 step 56 orange ice 22
    Step II: 87 23 wife step 56 orange ice 22
    Step III: 87 23 56 wife step orange ice 22
    Step IV: 87 23 56 22 wife step orange ice
    Step V: 87 23 56 22 ice wife step orange
    Step VI: 87 23 56 22 ice orange wife step
    Step VII: 87 23 56 22 ice orange step wife

  4. Which of the following would definitely be the input if step II of an input is
    Step II: 93 33 56 root 16 input upper dusk

    A) 243 564 227 124 152 238 766
    B) 243 766 564 227 124 152 238
    C) 243 564 227 766 124 152 238
    D) Cannot be determined
    E) None of these
    D) Cannot be determined
    Explanation:

    Cannot be determined because the words or letters can be anywhere in above steps.

  5. Which of the following is last step of above given step II?
    A) VII
    B) IX
    C) VI
    D) V
    E) None of these
    C) VI
    Explanation:

    Step II: 93 33 56 root 16 input upper dusk
    Step III: 93 33 56 16 root input upper dusk
    Step IV: 93 33 56 16 input root upper dusk
    Step V: 93 33 56 16 input upper root dusk
    Step VI: 93 33 56 16 input upper dusk root