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MODI schemes: Urban Infrastructure Part 7

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Dear Readers & Aspirants, We collected Modi Schemes in Urban Infrastructure and make it in PDF format. We Hope it will definitely help you for your Exams.All the Best My Dear Aspirants & Readers.

# 1.AMRUT–Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
*AMRUT — upgraded vesrsion of JNNURM — also called as -JNNURM-2

 OBJECTIVE

The Cabinet also approved the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), a mission aimed at transforming 500 cities and towns into efficient urban living spaces, with special focus on a healthy and green environment for children. The Cabinet approved Rs 50,000 crore for this mission which is to be spent over the next five years.

Purpose of AMRUT

The National Priority is to create infrastructure to provide basic services to households, and build amenities

  • This will improve the quality of life of all,especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
  • The infrastructure should lead to provision of better services to people.

AMRUT’s Attributes

Cooperative federalism- Freedom to States/ULBs to design and implement.

  • Service Delivery – Focus on infrastructure that leads to delivery of services to citizens.
  • Reforms Incentivised – 10% incentive for Achievement of Reforms.
  • Capacity building strategy.
  • O&M of infrastructure built-in at Planning stage itself.
  • Focus on Planning before hand –
  • Service Level Improvement Plans (SLIP)
  • State Annual Action Plan (SAAP).

Thrust Areas

  • water supply,
  • sewerage facilities and septage management,
  • storm water drains to reduce flooding,
  • pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport facilities, parking spaces, and
  • enhancing amenity value of cities by creating and
  • upgrading green spaces, parks and recreation
  • centers, especially for children.

AMRUT

# Coverage_Five hundred (500) cities will be taken up having a population greater than one lakh (100,000)

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) has a wider reach in terms of the number of cities covered and therefore the funds available for each city would be proportionately less. The mission takes a project approach in working towards improving existing basic infrastructure services like extending clean drinking water supply, improving sewerage networks, developing septage management, laying of storm water drains, improving public transport services and creating green public spaces like parks etc, with special focus on creating healthy open spaces for children.500 cities and towns will be selected on the basis of population i.e. one lakh and above, while the other criteria of selection will apply for certain locations like tourist popularity, cities located at the stems of main rivers, certain popular hill towns and some select islands. The centre is laying out guidelines on the basis of which states will be free to suggest cities that they wish to bring under AMRUT. AMRUT is actually a new avatar of the existing JNNURM and will extend support to till 2017 to those projects that are at least 50% complete under the earlier JNNURM. Over 400 existing projects are likely to benefit from this.

Funds Allocation

  1. Formula for Allocation to States – total population and number of statutory urban towns (50:50)
  2. State contribution to the project cost shall not be less than 20%.
  3. Funds distribution –  Project fund – 80% of the annual budgetary allocation (90% during first year).
  4. Incentive for Reforms – 10%
  5. State funds for A&OE – 8%
  6. MoUD funds for A&OE – 2%

Components
AMRUT supports States in creating basic urban infrastructure – Mission is project based.
Central government assistance –
*1/2 of project cost to cities having population > 10 lacs
*1/3 of project cost to cities  having population < 10 lacs

Schemes covered

  1. Water supply
  2. Sewerage network
  3. Septage management
  4. Storm water drainage
  5. Urban Transport
  6. Green spaces and parks

Funding

  • For planning Rs. 25 lakh is being released.
  • Release of the installment shall be in the ratio of 20:40:40 of the approved project cost.
  • First Installment shall be released on approval of SAAP.
  • 2nd and 3rd installments shall be released on receipt of Utilization certificates and shall be subject to mobilizing the assured resources as per SAAP by the States/UTs, and  States to release funds to cities with in 7 days

Challenges ahead

Till now central control over projects did not succeed in improving or incentivising state level involvement. With the new approach of extending central funding support and leaving it to the states to execute and monitor the projects as per their priorities and local needs, the centre has shifted the challenge and responsibility to the states.The problem is that municipal functioning at the state level is heavily politicized and corrupt. The big question is – will the states be able to rise above petty politics and ensure corrupt free and efficient implementation of mission objectives? There cannot be a successful urban mission of transformation without establishing the requisite professionally run management structure, with necessary checks and balances built-in, and one that has the ability to adopt technology and deliver efficient services.

#2.Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission will be launched to deliver integrated project based infrastructure in the rural areas. Announcing this during his maiden Budget Speech in the Lok Sabha today, the Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley said that this will also included development of economic activities and skill development. The preferred mode of delivery would be through PPPs while using various scheme funds. Shri Jaitley cited the example of Gujarat that has demonstrated successfully the Rurban development model of urbanization of the rural areas, through which people living in the rural areas can get efficient civic infrastructure and associate services.

SPMRM will deliver integrated project based high quality infrastracture in rural areas .infra provide both

Gujarat that has demonstrated successfully the Rurban development model of urbanization of the rural areas

Budgetary provision for the Pooled Municipal Debt Obligation Facility has been enhanced from Rs 5000 crore to Rs 50,000 crore with extension of the facility by five years to March 31, 2019

scheme covers 

urban renewal of cities and towns, four fundamental activities

  1. safe drinking water and sewerage management
  2. use of recycled water for growing organic fruits and vegetables
  3. solid waste management
  4. digital connectivity

#3.Housing for All by 2022 scheme

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for launch of “Housing for All by 2022” aimed for urban areas with following components/options to States/Union Territories and cities.

Housing for All

  1. Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource;
  2. Promotion of affordable housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy;
  3. Affordable housing in partnership with Public & Private sectors and
  4. Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction or enhancement.

 GUIDE LINES

  1. Central grant of Rs. one lakh per house, on an average, will be available under the slum rehabilitation programme.
  2. A State Government would have flexibility in deploying this slum rehabilitation grant to any slum rehabilitation project taken for development using land as a resource for providing houses to slum dwellers.
  3. Under the Credit Linked Interest Subsidy component, interest subsidy of 6.5 percent on housing loans availed upto a tenure of 15 years will be provided to EWS/LIG categories, wherein the subsidy pay-out on NPV basis would be about Rs.2.3 lakh per house for both the categories.
  4. Central assistance at the rate of Rs.1.5 lakh per house for EWS category will be provided under the Affordable Housing in Partnership and Beneficiary-led individual house construction or enhancement. State Government or their para statals like Housing Boards can take up project of affordable housing to avail the Central Government grant.
  5. The scheme will be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme except the credit linked subsidy component, which will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme. The Mission also prescribes certain mandatory reforms for easing up the urban land market for housing, to make adequate urban land available for affordable housing. Houses constructed under the mission would be allotted in the name of the female head of the households or in the joint name of the male head of the household and his wife.
  6. The scheme will cover the entire urban area consisting of 4041 statutory towns with initial focus on 500 Class I cities and it will be implemented in three phases as follows, viz. Phase-I (April 2015 – March 2017) to cover 100 Cities to be selected from States/UTs as per their willingness; Phase – II (April 2017 – March 2019) to cover additional 200 Cities and Phase-III (April 2019 – March 2022) to cover all other remaining Cities. However, there will be flexibility in covering number of cities in various phases and inclusion of additional cities may be considered by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation in case there is demand from States and cities and have capacity to include them in earlier phases. Credit linked subsidy component of the scheme would be implemented across the country in all statutory towns from the very beginning.
  7. Dimension of the task at present is estimated at 2 crore. Exact number of houses, though, would depend on demand survey for which all States/Cities will undertake detailed demand assessment for assessing actual demand by integrating Aadhar number, Jan Dhan Yojana account numbers or any such identification of intended beneficiaries.

A Technology Sub-mission under the Mission would be set up to facilitate adoption of modern, innovative and green technologies and building material for faster and quality construction of houses. The Technology Sub-Mission will also facilitate preparation and adoption of layout designs and building plans suitable for various geo-climatic zones. It will also assist States/Cities in deploying disaster resistant and environment friendly technologies.

The Technology Sub-Mission will coordinate with various regulatory and administrative bodies for mainstreaming and up scaling deployment of modern construction technologies and material in place of conventional construction. The Technology Sub-Mission will also coordinate with other agencies working in green and energy efficient technologies, climate change etc.

The Technology Sub-Mission will also work on the following aspects

i) Design & Planning
ii) Innovative technologies & materials
iii) Green buildings using natural resources
iv) Earthquake and other disaster resistant technologies and designs.

In the spirit of cooperative federalism, the Mission will provide flexibility to States for choosing best options amongst four verticals of the Mission to meet the demand of housing in their states. The process of project formulation and approval in accordance with Mission Guidelines would be left to the States, so that projects can be formulated, approved and implemented faster. The Mission will provide technical and financial support in accordance to the Guidelines to the States to meet the challenge of urban housing.

Affordable housing policies

The Mission will also compile best practices in terms of affordable housing policies of the States/UTs designs and technologies adopted by States and Cities with an objective to spread best practices across States and cities and foster cross learning. The Mission will also develop a virtual platform to obtain suggestions and inputs on house design, materials, technologies and other elements of urban housing.

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