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1. Sansad adharsh gram yojana

OBJECTIVE OF SAGY
• Leveraging the leadership, capacity, commitment and energy of the Members of Parliament (MP) to develop model Gram Panchayats.
• Engaging with and mobilizing the community for participatory local level development.
• Converging different government programmes and private and voluntary initiatives to achieve comprehensive development in tune with people’s aspirations and local potential.
• Building partnerships with voluntary organisations, co-operatives and academic and research institutions.
• Focusing on outcomes and sustainability

Sansad adharsh gram yojana

ACTIVITIES
ADARSH GRAM An Adarsh Gram should evolve out of people’s shared vision, using their capacities and available resources to the best extent possible, duly facilitated by the MP, theGram Panchayat, civil society and the government machinery. Naturally, the elements of an Adarsh Gram would be context specific. However, it is still possible to broadly identify the important activities.

They would include:

a. Personal development
i. Inculcating hygienic behaviour and practices
ii. Fostering healthy habits including daily exercise and games
iii. Reducing risk behaviour- alcoholism, smoking, substance abuse, etc.

b. Human Development
i. Universal access to basic health facilities consisting of health card, medical examination
ii. Total immunization
iii. Balancing the sex-ratio
iv. 100% institutional delivery
v. Improving nutrition status for all, with special focus on children, adolescent girls, pregnant women, and lactating mothers
vi. Strong focus on the special needs of Persons With Disability (PWD), especially children and women
vii. Universal access to education facilities up to Class X and retention
viii. Conversion of schools into ‘smart schools’. Smart schools will have IT enabled classrooms, e-libraries, web based teaching and will make all students e-literate required for providing quality education
ix. Adult literacy
x. E-literacy
xi. Village libraries including e-libraries

c. Social development

i. Activities for promotion of voluntarism like Bharat Nirman Volunteers
ii. Building the capacity of the people to fully participate and contribute to local development
iii. Activities for honouring village elders, local role models especially women, freedom fighters and martyrs
iv. Activities for violence and crime free villages such as:
a. Setting up Citizen Committees
b. Sensitization, especially of youth
v. Village sports and folk arts festivals
vi. Having a village song to instil a sense of pride among the people
vii. Celebrating ‘Village Day’
viii. Proactive steps for inclusion and integration of socially excluded groups, especially Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

d. Economic Development

i. Promoting diversified agricultural and allied livelihoods, including livestock and horticulture, through Organic farming
b. Soil health cards
c. Crop intensification such as SRI
d. Setting up of seed banks
e. Collection and value addition to Non Timber Forest Produce, Livestock development including Gobar Bank, cattle hostel
f. Livestock development including Gobar Bank, cattle hostel
g. Micro-irrigation
h. Agro-service centres
ii. Rural industrialization like:
a. Post-harvest technology applications
b. Micro-enterprises
c. Dairy development and processing
d. Food processing
e. Traditional Industries
iii. Skill Development of all eligible youth for self-employment and placement
iv. Village Tourism including eco-tourism All the above activities should focus
particularly on lifting households out of poverty, for which organising and federating women SHGs, providing employment to all workers, and bringing about financial inclusion are very important.

e. Environmental Development

i. Activities for a clean and green village consisting of:
a. Providing toilets in each household and in all public institutions and ensuring their proper use
b. Appropriate solid and liquid waste management
ii. Roadside plantations
iii. Tree plantation in accordance with local preferences in homesteads, schools and public institutions – including green walkways
iv. Social forestry
v. Watershed management especially renovation and revival of traditional water bodies
vi. Rainwater harvesting- rooftop as well as others
vii. Reducing local pollution of air, water and land

f. Basic amenities and services

i. Pucca houses for all houseless poor/poor living in kutcha houses
ii. Drinking water, preferably treated piped water with household taps
iii. Internal all weather roads with covered drains
iv. All weather road connectivity to the main road-network
v. Electricity connection to all households and street-lights including from alternative sources of energy, especially solar
vi. Pucca infrastructure for public institutions- Anganwadis, schools, health institutions, Gram Panchayat Office and libraries
vii. Civic infrastructure including community halls, buildings for SHG federations, playgrounds and burial grounds/ crematoria
viii. Village markets
ix. Infrastructure for PDS outlets
x. Micro mini banks /post offices/ATMs
xi. Broadband connectivity and Common Service Centres
xii. Telecom connectivity
xiii. CCTVs in public places

g. Social Security

i. Pensions for all eligible families- old age, disability and widow
ii. Insurance schemes like Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana
iii. Health insurance- RSBY
iv. PDS- universal access to all eligible households

h. Good Governance

i. Strengthening of local democracy through strong and accountable Gram Panchayats and active Gram Sabhas
ii. E-Governance resulting in better service delivery
iii. Provision of UIDAI cards to all
iv. Ensuring regular and punctual attendance of government and panchayat staff
v. Time bound service delivery in line with Department’s Citizens Charter
vi. Holding of Mahila Gram Sabhas before every Gram Sabha
vii. Holding of a Gram Sabha at least 4 times a year
viii. Holding of Bal Sabhas every quarter
ix. Proactive disclosure of all information pertaining to the implementation of the programme in the public domain and through wall-writing, notice boards in the local language. This should necessarily include the list of beneficiaries, item-wise budgets and expenditure.
x. Gram Panchayat acting as an information facilitation centre
xi. Timely redressal of grievances filed by people, such that: Grievances of all nature to be submitted to the Gram Panchayat / Charge Officer and dated receipt to be given
2. Grievances to be redressed within three weeks along with written reply
3. Institutionalization of regular open platforms for airing of grievances and
their redressal, coordinated by the Gram Panchayat
xii. Half yearly Social Audit of the programme implementation by the Gram Sabha facilitated by the Social Audit Units set up under MGNREGA

TIME LINE

Item of work Time from the———————————–date of launch
• Selection of Adarsh Gram————————————- One month
• Awareness generation on the scheme———————Two months
• Environment creation and social mobilisation————Three months
• Initialisation of First Stage activities————————-Three months
• Review of First Stage activities———————————Five months
• Completion of preparation of VDP—————————-Seven months
• Approvals and sanctions —————————————–Eight months
• Activities to begin ———————————————–Nine months
• Review of progress of VDP at Gram Sabha level and District Level–One Year

IDENTIFICATION OF ADARSH GRAM

A Gram Panchayat would be the basic unit.It will have a population of 3000-5000 in plain areas and 1000-3000 in hilly, tribal and difficult areas. In districts where this unit size is not available, Gram Panchayats approximating the desirable population size may be chosen. The MP would be free to identify a suitable Gram Panchayat for being developed as Adarsh Gram, other than his/her own village or that of his/her spouse. The MP will identify one Gram Panchayat to be taken up immediately, and two others to be taken up a little later. Lok Sabha MP has to choose a Gram Panchayat from within his/her constituency and Rajya Sabha MP a Gram Panchayat from the rural area of a district of his/her choice in the State from which he/she is elected. Nominated MPs may choose a Gram Panchayat from the rural area of any district in the country. In the case of urban constituencies, (where there are no Gram Panchayats), the MP will identify a Gram Panchayat from a nearby rural constituency. Primarily, the goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024.

2. Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, today approved the launch of Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) with components
–>To separate agriculture and non agriculture feeders facilitating judicious rostering of supply to agricultural and non-agricultural consumers in rural areas
–>strengthening and augmentation of sub transmission and distribution infrastructure in rural areas, including metering of distribution transformers/feeders/consumers.
The estimated cost of the scheme for above two components is Rs.43,033 crore which includes the requirement of budgetary support of Rs.33,453 crore from Government of India over the entire implementation period.
The Cabinet further approved, that the balance work relating to rural electrification as per CCEA’s approval in August, 2013 with the norms of the ongoing scheme of RGGVY in 12th and 13th Plans will get subsumed in DDUGJY as a distinct component for rural electrification, for which CCEA has already approved the scheme cost of Rs.39,275 crore including budgetary support of Rs.35,447 crore. This outlay will be carried forward to the new scheme of DDUGJY in addition to the outlay of Rs.43,033 crore.

Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana

The scheme would help in_
(i) Improvement in hours of power supply in rural areas,
(ii) Reduction in peak load
(iii) Improvement in billed energy based on metered consumption and
(iv) Providing access to electricity to rural households.
The process of sanction of projects shall commence immediately. After sanction of projects, contracts for execution of projects will be awarded by States Discoms / Power Departments. The projects shall be completed within 24 months from date of award.

3.Jyotigram Yojana scheme

INTIATIVE

Jyotigram Yojana is an initiative of the Government of Gujarat to ensure availability of 24-hour three phase quality power supply to rural areas of the state and to supply power to farmers residing in scattered farm houses through feeders having specially designed transformers.
The scheme was dedicated to the nation by President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam in 2006. Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) has commended the scheme saying Jyotigram scheme has radically improved the quality of village life, spurred non-farm economic enterprises, and halved the power subsidy in agriculture.Government of India is set to accept Gujarat’s Jyotigram project as a flagship scheme for the 12th five year plan .

Jyotigram Yojana scheme

Gujrat model

Government of India (GoI) is all set to accept Gujarat’s Jyotigram project as a flagship scheme for the 12th five year plan (2012-17) in the power sector for supplying round-the-clock, high-quality three-phase power to all villages. Commissioned in 2006, Jyotigram provides for a separate electric feeder for domestic use and a limited agricultural supply of nearly eight hours a day, continuous and of constant voltage.
A just-released Planning Commission draft titled Faster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth: An Approach to the 12th Five Year Plan, says that the separation of agricultural feeders in the country will enable villages to get 24 X 7 three-phased power for domestic uses, schools, hospitals and village industries”. As for the farm pump sets, which require much more power, they can obtain “eight hours or more of quality power on a pre-announced schedule”.

The project underlines
The program of feeder separation has to be carried through across the country. Gujarat has achieved very good results by combining feeder separation with an extensive watershed program for groundwater recharge. Punjab, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh have also moved forward in this direction. Feeder separation needs to be extended to all states, especially where groundwater is extensively used.

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