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G4 Summit in New York – Security Council Reforms on Agenda

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India is making a strong bid for a permanent seat in an expanded Security Council, which currently had five members – China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. To give a “strong push” to inter-governmental negotiations for achieving early UNSC reforms the G-4 summit hosted by India in New York.

  • It was the first since 2004 and brought together Prime Minister Narendra Modi, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

G4 Summit in New York Security Council Reforms on Agenda


  • A group of 4 countries came together in 2004 bound by shared commitment to global peace and security
  • Trends in demography and migrations are posing new challenges, climate change and terrorism are new concerns
  • Fundamentally different world from when the UN was born, faced with complex, and undefined challenges
  • UN Security Council must include the world’s largest democracies.
  • Reform of the UNSC should take place in a fixed time frame, it is urgent and important task.


  • The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
  • G4’s primary aim is the permanent member seats on the Security Council
  • Japan bid is heavily opposed by the China and South Korea
  • Brazil bid opposed by Latin America, Colombia, Argentina and Mexico
  • Pakistan is opposing India’s bid, all the members of Permanent members of P5 have supported India’s bids for permanent seat on the UNSC but China had implied that it is only ready to support India’s bid for a permanent seat on UNSC if India did not associate its bid with Japan.