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Current Affairs Today – October 11 2015

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Current Affairs Oct 11 2015

Indian Affairs 

“M Cessation” to quit tobacco

Union Health Ministry will launch “Mobile (m) Cessation”, a mobile based intervention for the people who want to quit the habit of tobacco. Govt had already set a target of reducing tobacco use by 20% by 2020 and 30% by 2025.

HOW TO GET ENROLMENT

  • Give a missed call to a particular phone number then person will be asked three to four questions through SMS about their educational qualifications, work status and the age of onset of tobacco use.
  • After these details are fed into the system, the tobacco users will start getting three to four messages daily which will counsel and consistently motivate them to quit tobacco

As per Govt data 40% of all cancers, 90% of oral cancers and 30% of TB cases are due to tobacco and 9-10 lakh people die every year due to tobacco habits

Health Ministry also issued a notification to make mandatory for all tobacco products to carry warnings that would cover 85% of the surface of the packets from April 1 next year which is currently 40%.

Move up in Indirect tax revenue collections

There is jump up in Indirect Tax Revenue (Provisional) Collections with 32.6%. In September 2015 Rs. 61,284 crore is registered compared to Rs. 46,224 crore in September 2014.

OTHER COLLECTIONS

Name 2015 collection

(in crore)

2014 collection

(in crore)

Percentage (↑ or ↓)
Central Excise Rs. 22,489 Rs. 13,356 68.4% ↑
Service Tax Rs.  20,483 Rs. 15,158 crore 45.5% ↑
Customs Rs. 18,312 Rs.17,710 3.4% ↑

 

High-risk area boundary shifted from India’s coastline

  • The high risk area(HRA) boundary in the Indian Ocean shifted away from the western coastline of India.The HRA is shifted from 78 degrees East to the 65 degrees East longitude off India’s western coastline.This new boundary will be effective from 1st December 2015.
  • This announcement is made  by the European Union Chair of the Contact Group of Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS)

100 food streets to be adopted during first phase of Surakshit Khadya Abhiyan

Surakshit Khadya Abhiyan – An initiative to develop a culture of food safety in the country.(Rolled out in July 2015)

Planned By : Confederation of Indian Industry(CII) and partners.

The partners includes consumer organisation VOICE, and National Association of Street Vendors of India ( NASVI)

Supported By : The ministry of consumer affairs and public distribution

This campaign is targeting especially the street vendors.

Objective : To improve the consumer awareness on food safety aspects like labels,storage conditions and related hygienic practices

During the first phase of this campaign 100 food streets will be  adopted.Nation-wide sensitisation sessions on cleaning, hygiene and sanitation for safe food, walkathons and media dissemination programmes for consumers and street food industries will be organised across the country.

Food Safety Advocacy and Capacity Building programmes across Delhi, the North-East, Mumbai, Bangalore, Lucknow, Jamshedpur, Pune, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai and Siliguri, among others will be organised by CII

International Affairs 

KP Sharma – New Prime Minister of Nepal

KP Sharma – New Prime Minister of Nepal

Communist Party of Nepal -Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) chairman Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal with huge majority votes by defeating Sushil Koirala. With this KP Sharma became the first PM under the newly adopted constitution of Nepal.

KP Sharma was backed by UCPN-Maoist, Rashtriya Prajatantra Party-Nepal, Madhesi Janaadhikar Forum-Democratic and 13 fringe parties and bagged 338 votes whereas Sushil Koirala supported by four Madhes parties in the United Democratic Madhesi Front and had secured 249votes.

Positioning of Mr. Sharma as PM was declared by Parliament Speaker Subhash Nembang.

  • Oli was a Naxalite arrested in 1972, convicted in sedition charge and spent 14 years in prison.
  • In 1991 when Nepal adopted multi-party democracy he was elected as Member of Parliament.
  • From 1994-1995 he served as the Home Minister.
  • In 2006 he became the deputy PM.

UNSC adopts resolution to cope up with human smuggling

With an aim to stop human trafficking and to save the lives of migrants UN Security Council adopted a resolution authorizing European Union (EU) and individual countries to cope with this humanitarian crisis on the high seas of Libya.

  • Resolution was supported by 14 members except Venezuela who remain abstained.
  • The resolution was adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter which allows the use of force and nations to inspect ships, sieze and dispose of vessels in case of any suspicious activity regarding smuggling of migrants.
  • This resolutions will be valid for one year.

EU countries had also launched second phase of Operation Sophia to monitor traffickers.

18-year-old Indian boy in UAE becomes world’s youngest CA

An 18-year-old Indian boy named Ramkumar Raman in the UAE has been recognised by Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA),as the youngest affiliate ever registered with them.He is originally from Chennai India.Generally ACCA candidates will start their journey at the age of 18.

Awards

Subhash Chandran bags Vayalar Award

  • Vayalar Rama Varma Literary Award  2015 winner – Subhash Chandran(Malayalam Writer)
  • Award is for his novel named ‘Manushyanu Oru Amukham’.
  • For the same novel he won the Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award in 2014
  • Award Includes : Prize of Rs one lakh, Statuette and a citation.
  • The award will be presented to the writer on October 27, the death anniversary of Vayalar.

Appointments

 

Farooqui appointed Broadband Forum Chairman

Farooqui appointed Broadband Forum Chairman

  • Chairman of Broadband India Forum (BIF) – M F Farooqui.(Former Telecom secretary)
  • BIF works on strengthening of  broadband potential in the country.
  • M F Farooqui replaced Shyamal Ghosh.
  • Shyamal Ghosh has been appointed as the Chairman Emeritus of BIF.

Naishadh Parikh is the new chairman of Confederation of Indian Textile Industries

  • New Chairman of Confederation Of Indian Textile Industries(CITI) – Naishadh Parikh
  • New Secretary General  of Confederation Of Indian Textile Industries – Binoy Job
  • Parikh is a member of Board of Governors of Ahmedabad University and CEPT University.
  • The new leadership team was elected at the CITI Board meeting held on October 10 at Mumbai.
  • International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF) Conference  – November 2016

Rajeev Kher appointed as Compat member

Headquartered at Delhi, Competition Appellate Tribunal has designated former commerce secretary Rajeev Kher as its member.

Compat is a statutory organisation comes under the Corporate Affairs Ministry which hears appeals against rulings of fair trade regulator Competition Commission of India (CCI).

  • Appellate Tribunal was established on 15th May, 2009
  • It consists of Chairman and not more than two members and are appointed by Central Govt
  • Dr. Justice Arijit Pasayat has been appointed as the First Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal.
  • Currently Justice G S Singhvi is the Chairman of Compat.
  • Tenure of member is five years from the date of appointment or till reaching the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

 

Science And Technology

Mobile-based app to inform people all about customs rules

  • Name of the AppCustoms Traveler Guide-India
  • This is a mobile based application which gives information to people about all Indian customs rules including those related to import of pets and goods.
  • Developer of the App – Nihit Mohan Johari
  • This app is easy to understand ,gives the detailed information about the custom rules for Indians and foreigners.A duty calculator is also there

Iran test-fires new generation long-range ballistic missiles

On 11th october 2015 a new generation of surface to surface ballistic missile called Emad(Pillar) was test fired by Iran.This is the Iran’s first long range precision guided  missile. Emad is a technological achievement for Iran – able to be controlled until the moment of impact and to hit targets

Iran’s defense minister – Brig. Gen. Hossein Dehqan

Sports

Ajay Jayaram grabbed Dutch Open title

Ajay Jayaram grabbed Dutch Open title

With the super performance of 28 years old Shuttler Ajay jayaram India clinched two international titles in Dutch Open Grand Prix in Almere, Netherlands.

  • Ajay Jayaram defeated Estonia’s Raul Must men’s singles final by 21-12, 21-18 and bagged the second title of his career.
  • In Under-17Krishna and Satwik defeated Hau Leong and Fong Hau Sim of Malaysia by 21-16, 21-15.
  • While in Men’s doubles B. Sumeeth Reddy & Manu Attri were defeated by Andrew Ellis & Peter Mills by 22-20, 19-21, 21-14.
  • Prize money$50,000

Obituary

Important Days

International Day of the Girl Child – October 11(every year)

  • Theme of 2015 : The Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision for 2030
  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 66/170 to declare 11 October as the International Day of the Girl Child, on 19 th December 2011.
  • Aim : To recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world

Govt. to observe November 26 as Constitution Day

  • On 11th october 2015 PM Narendra Modi announced that November 26 will be celebrated as Constitution Day.This is for creating awareness on people about the the immense contributions of the chief architect of Indian Constitution.The constitution was adopted on November 26 1949.
  • Government decided  to celebrate the November 26 as Samvidhan Divas to spread the awareness about the life of B.R ambedkar among the schools .He mentioned this after laying the foundation stone of Dr Ambedkar Memorial at Indu Mills Compound in Mumbai.