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Current Affairs 15 June 2021

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Rajnath Singh approves Budgetary Support for Defence Innovation & Policy for declassification of  War RecordsRaksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh approves Rs 498-8 crore budgetaryUnion Defence Minister Rajnath Singh approved INR 498.8 Crore budgetary support to Innovations for Defence Excellence-Defence Innovation Organisation (iDEX-DIO) for the next 5 years for boosting Defence Innovation in India.

  • Through this budgetary support, financial support (grants, funding) will be provided to nearly 300 start-ups/MSMEs (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises)/Individual Innovators, Research & Development (R&D) institutes & academics & 20 partner incubators under DIO framework.
  • Grants/Funding and other support to carry out R&D development will be provided for the beneficiaries.
  • The scheme is in line with the Government’s decision to cut imports of military hardware and weapons and make India a hub for defence manufacturing.

Rajnath Singh approves policy on declassification of war/operations histories
Rajnath Singh gave approval to a policy on declassification of military history.
i.According to the policy, each organisation under the Ministry of Defence will transfer records to the History Division for  upkeep, archival and writing histories.

  • It mandates that war records should be declassified in 25 years.
  • It mandates the constitution of a committee headed by the Joint Secretary, Ministry of Defence which consists of representatives of the Services, Ministry of External Affairs, Home Ministry and other organisations for compilation of war/operation histories.

ii.The responsibility for declassification of records rests with the respective organisations as specified in the Public Record Act 1993 and Public Record Rules 1997, as amended from time to time.
About Ministry of Defence
Union Minister – Rajnath Singh (Constituency – Lucknow, UP)
Minister of State (I/C) – Shripad Yesso Naik (Constituency – North Goa, Goa)
>>Read Full News

MoHI&PE Modifies FAME India Phase II Scheme: Aggregation via EESLMinistry of heavy industries and public enterprises modifies Fame schemeThe Ministry of heavy industries and public enterprises(MoHI&PE) made partial modifications over the ‘Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in India Phase II’ (FAME India Phase II) scheme, which began on 1 April 2019.The FAME scheme was administered by the department of heavy industries (DHI)

  • MoHI&PE has decided for the aggregation of electric three-wheelers and electric buses component of the scheme via state run Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL), to bring down the cost of electric 3 Wheelers to that of ICE-3 Wheelers.
  • For Electric Buses, EESL will generate demand in 9 cities with over 4 million-plus population like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Surat and Pune.

Extension of FAME India Phase II:

  • The phase II of FAME began in 2019 which was approved by the government with an outlay of Rs. 10,000 Crore for a period of 3 years up to 31 March 2022.
  • Only 5 percent, or Rs 492 crore is spent out of the Rs 10,000 crore (budgetary allocated) till March 2021, hence the scheme is likely to be extended till 2024.

NotePhase I of the scheme was started in the financial year 2016-2017.
About Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL):
EESL is a joint venture of NTPC Ltd, Rural Electrification Corp. Ltd, Power Finance Corp. Ltd and Power Grid Corp. of India Ltd.
Establishment –  2009 (100% owned by government, Ministry of Power)
Headquarters – New Delhi
Chairman – Rajeev Sharma
>>Read Full News

Madhya Pradesh ranked 1st in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21Madhya Pradesh secured top position in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21Madhya Pradesh with a score of 64.1 has been ranked 1st in the Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21. Odisha (59.3) came 2nd followed by Himachal Pradesh (57.1) in the 3rd position.

  • The score card and rankings in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index are based on parameters like coverage of Iron–Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation across beneficiaries to support assessment of progress and performance of the programme.

Rank State Score
1 Madhya Pradesh 64.1
2 Odisha 59.3
3 Himachal Pradesh 57.1

Anemia Mukt Bharat Index
The Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) strategy  was launched in 2018 to reduce prevalence of Anemia all over India. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) & United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
i.AMB is part of the Intensified National Iron Plus Initiative (NIPI) program and comes under the Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment (POSHAN) Abhiyaan.

  • Target – To reduce anaemia in India by 3% per year among children, adolescents and women in the reproductive age group (15-49 years), between the year 2018 and 2022.

About United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
Executive Director – Henrietta Holsman Fore
Headquarter – New York, USA
Brand Ambassador – Priyanka Chopra
>>Read Full News

Sports Ministry launches Central Athlete Injury Management System to support AthletesSports Minister launches Central Athlete Injury Management SystemIn June 2021, Union Minister of State for Youth Affairs & Sports, Kiren Rijiju, launched a 1st-of-its-kind Centralised Athlete injury management system called Central Athlete Injury Management System (CAIMS). Under CAIMS, Medical and rehabilitation support will be provided at the athlete’s Geographical location within India.
Aim – To provide injury management & rehabilitation support for athletes at their geographical location to achieve timely restoration from injury
Targeted Athletes – Athletes who are part of the Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) development group expected to participate in Olympic games in 2024 and beyond
CAIMS Experts Committee – Dr. SKS Marya, Dr. Dinshaw Pardiwala, Dr. BV Srinivas and Shrikant Iyengar.
4-Tier Injury Management Structure of CAIMS

  • Athlete Wellness Cell
  • On-Field Sports Medicine Experts
  • National Resource Referral Teams
  • Central Core Team

Notable National Sport Authorities
Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports –Minister of State (I/C) – Kiren Rijiju (Constituency – Arunachal West)
Sports Authority of India (SAI) is the apex national sports body of India under the Ministry of Sports, established in 1982.
President of Indian Olympic Association – Narinder Dhruv Batra

ISRO to assist North-East in Development Projects

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will assist development projects in the North Eastern (NE) states by offering optimum utilisation of satellite imaging and other space technology for the accomplishment of targets. It is the 1st of a kind in India, where ISRO is involved in an institutionalised involvement of ISRO in mapping and sharing of data for developmental projects.

  • ISRO is already monitoring and geo-tagging around 67 projects at 221 sites in 8 NE states funded by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) and North Eastern Council (NEC).
  • The North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) at Shillong, Meghalaya has received proposals from 6 of 8 NE states (except Sikkim & Assam).
  • NESAC is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Space. It is located in Shillong and provides dedicated services to NE’s 8 states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Nuclear Weapons Spending in 2020 Increased by $1.4 billion: ICAN ReportNuclear weapons spending swelled $1-4 billion amid pandemicAs per the report of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), titled ‘Complicit: 2020 Global Nuclear Spending’, the worldwide Nuclear-armed countries’ overall spending on atomic weapon arsenals in 2020 was increased by $1.4 billion (1.2-billion-euro) to $72.6 billion from $71.2 billion of 2019.

  • The 9 Nuclear-armed countries include The United States(US), China, Russia, The United Kingdom(UK), France, India, Israel, Pakistan, and North Korea.

Country-wise Spending On Nuclear Weapons in 2020:

S.no Country Spending in 2020
6 India  

$2.4 billion, ($4,567 / minute)

1 US  

$37.4 billion, ($70,881 / minute)

2 China  

$10.1 billion, ($19,149 / minute)

3 Russia  

$8 billion, ($15,222 / minute)

About International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN):
ICAN is a coalition of non-governmental organizations promoting adherence to and implementation of the United Nations nuclear weapon ban treaty for eliminating nuclear weapons. It won the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize.
Establishment – 2007
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Executive Director – Beatrice Fihn
>>Read Full News

Overview of the 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit 2021Prime Minister Narendra Modi participates 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit 2021The 47th G7  Leaders’ Summit 2021 (Outreach Session of the G7 meeting) took place in a Hybrid format from June 11-13, 2021 at Cornwall, United Kingdom (UK). It was hosted by the United Kingdom (UK) as it holds the Presidency of G7 for 2021.  Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the meeting.

  • Theme for the Summit – ‘Building Back Better’.
  • The UK invited Australia, India, South Korea and South Africa (jointly called ‘Democracy 11’) as Guest Countries to the 2021 summit.
  • The 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit has been called as the 1st ever net-zero G7 as all have committed to reach net zero emissions by 2050.

Key Points
i.The G7 countries & the Guest countries signed the ‘Open Societies Statement’ which supports ‘Human rights for all, both online and offline  and Freedom of Expression.
ii.The G7 leaders  issued the Carbis Bay Declaration.

  • As part of the declaration, the UK will set up an Animal Vaccine Manufacturing and Innovation Centre at Pirbright Institute in Surrey, England which is aimed at stopping viruses jumping into the human population.

iii.During the summit, the G7 leaders launched the ‘Build Back Better World (B3W)’ Project to counter China’s Belt and Road Infrastructure (BRI) initiative.
iv.UK’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson launched the 500 million pound Blue Planet Fund.
v.US President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson signed the New Atlantic Charter agreement.
About G7
Members – 7 (U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Canada, and Japan)
2021 Presidency – United Kingdom
>>Read Full News

Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, UAE – Elected to UN Security Council for 2022-23UN Security Council For 2022-23 TermAlbania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates(UAE) were elected by the 75th session of the General Assembly as the non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the 2022-23 term.

  • The elected 5 non-permanent members will take their seats on the 15-member body of the UNSC.

About the 15-member of UNSC:
i.The 15-member body of the UNSC consists of 5 permanent veto-wielding members and 10 non-permanent members. To ensure geographical representation, the 10 non-permanent seats are allocated based on the regional groups.
ii.Permanent Members: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States
iii.Non -permanent members: 

  • Existing members: India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway (Terms at the Council will end December 31, 2022).
  • Newly elected members: Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, and UAE (Term begins at January 1, 2022)
  • Vacating members: Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Vietnam (Terms will end December 31, 2021).

Note – The newly elected members will replace the vacating members in the assembly
About the Election Process:
i.The election will be based on regional representations, and the candidates require a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly to be elected, even if candidates are running unopposed in their regional group.
ii.Regional distribution:
a.The 10 non-permanent seats distribution

  • 5 – African and Asian States
  • 1 – Eastern European States
  • 2 – Latin American and Caribbean States
  • 2 –  Western European and other States

b.Distribution of the 2021 election:

  • 3 seats – African and Asian States – Gabon, Ghana and the UAE
  • 1 seat – Latin American and Caribbean Group – Brazil 
  • 1 seat – Eastern European Group – Albania

Exception – Countries competing for 1 regional seat could decide to split the term between them. But since 1966, this only happened once, in 2016, when Italy and the Netherlands agreed to split the 2017-2018 term.
About United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
UNSC is the only U.N. body that can make legally binding decisions like imposing sanctions and authorizing use of force.
Establishment – 1945
Headquarters – New York, United States
Presidency – The presidency of UNSC is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States’ names.

  • As per the turn, India will serve as the president of the 15-member body for the month of August, 2021.
  • India’s Permanent Representative to the UN is TS Tirumurti

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

India’s Forex Reserve Crossed Record $600 billion-mark for 1st timeIndia's forex reserves cross record $600 billion-mark for first timeAccording to the weekly statistical data of the Reserve Bank of India(RBI), India’s total foreign exchange (forex) reserves crossed the USD 600 billion mark for the 1st time after increasing by USD 6.842 billion (~44 lakh crore) in the week ended June 4, 2021. It was due to a rise in foreign currency assets (FCA), a major component of the overall reserves.
Key Facts of Weekly Forex Reserve as of June 4,2021:
i.FCA: It is increased by USD 7.362 billion to USD 560.890 billion. Whereas in the previous week ended May 28, 2021, the reserves had increased by USD 5.271 billion to USD 598.165 billion.

  • FCA includes the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US units like the euro, pound and yen held in the forex reserves.

ii.Gold reserves: It is declined by USD 502 million to USD 37.604 billion
iii.The special drawing rights (SDRs) with the International Monetary Fund (IMF): It was reduced by USD 1 million to USD 1.513 billion.
iii.The reserve position with the IMF: It also dropped by USD 16 million to USD 5 billion in the reporting week.
iv.At $605 billion, India ties with Russia as fourth largest forex reserves holder
Point to be noted about Forex Reserve:
The RBI Act, 1934 provides the legal framework for the deployment of forex reserves, in which under Section 17 of the same act, RBI permits forex reserves investment only in following investment categories.

  • Deposits with the Bank for International Settlements and other central banks, deposits with other central banks and the Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
  • Deposits with overseas branches of commercial banks
  • Debt instruments representing sovereign/sovereign-guaranteed liability with residual maturity for the debt papers not exceeding 10 years
  • Other instruments / institutions as approved by the Central Board of the Reserve Bank in accordance with the provisions of the Act
  • Dealing in certain types of derivatives

About Foreign Exchange(Forex) Reserve:
i.Forex reserves are the foreign-currency deposits held by national central banks and monetary authorities.

  • India’s Forex Reserve include: Foreign currency assets (capital inflows to the capital markets, Foreign Direct Investment, and external commercial borrowings), Gold reserves, SDRs, and Reserve position with the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

ii.The legal framework for administration of exchange control in India is provided by the Foreign Exchange Management Act(FEMA), 1999.

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS        

Zimbabwean Novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga Wins 2021 PEN Pinter PrizeZimbabwean writer Tsitsi Dangarembga wins PEN Pinter prize 2021Noted Zimbabwean novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga has been declared as the winner of the 2021 Pen Pinter Prize for charting the development of Zimbabwe from a British colony to an autocratic and troubled free state through her writing career of 30-years.
She will receive the award at a ceremony hosted by British Library and English PEN in October 2021.
About Tsitsi Dangarembga:
i.Tsitsi Dangarembga was shortlisted for Booker Prize 2020 for her work, ‘This Mournable Body’.
ii.She has also authored the book titled “Nervous Conditions”.
iii.She was arrested in 2020 while she was protesting and taking a stand against corruption.
About PEN Pinter Prize:
The PEN Pinter Prize is an annual literary prize established in 2009 in memory of Nobel-Laureate playwright Harold Pinter.
The prize is awarded to a writer resident in the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, the Commonwealth or the former Commonwealth, for their writing in English which shows a fierce intellectual determination to define the real truth of our lives and our societies’.

Former Indian Cricketer Vinoo Mankad Inducted into ICC Hall of Fame 2021Vinoo Mankad among 10 ICC Hall of Fame special inductees ahead of WTC finalThe International Cricket Council(ICC)  inducted 10 cricket icons, including India’s Vinoo Mankad, into the illustrious ICC Hall of Fame 2021.With this now there are 103 players in the ICC Hall of Fame.
The special edition intake of 10 cricket icons into the ICC Hall of Fame is to celebrate the prestigious history of Test cricket, and to coincide with the first ever ICC World Test Championship Final.
About Vinoo Mankad:
i.Vinoo Mankad played 44 Tests, scored 2,109 runs and took 162 wickets for India.
ii.He was an opening batsman and slow left arm orthodox bowler, known as one of India’s greatest-ever all-rounders.
iii.He is one of only three cricketers to have batted in every position during his Test career.
iv.He has also coached another legendary cricketer Sunil Gavaskar.
ICC Hall of Fame 2021 Induction Process:
The players included in the list represented five different eras of Test cricket with two players each from five eras, dating back to cricket’s early days as,
i.Early Cricket Era: Players whose greatest contributions to the game were prior to 1918.
Aubrey Faulkner (South Africa)
Monty Noble (Australia)
ii.Inter-War Era: Players whose greatest contributions to the game were from 1918-1945.
Sir Learie Constantine (West Indies)
Stan McCabe (Australia)
iii.Post-War Era: Players whose greatest contributions to the game were from 1946-1970.
Ted Dexter (England)
Vinoo Mankad (India)
iv.ODI Era: Players whose greatest contributions to the game were from 1971-1995.
Desmond Hayes (West Indies)
Bob Willis (England)
v.Modern Era: Players whose greatest contributions to the game were from 1996-2015.
Andy Flower (Zimbabwe)
Kumar Sangakkara (Srilanka)
About ICC:
Chairman: Greg Barclay
Chief Executive Officer(CEO): Manu Sawhney
Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Founded: 15 June 1909
Motto: Cricket for good.
>>Read Full News

400 colleges, varsities receive ‘One District One Green Champion’ Swachhata award

The Mahatma Gandhi National Council of Rural Education (MGNCRE) released a list of 400 colleges across India that have actively participated in keeping their campuses clean and tidy.Those institutions will receive the ‘One District One Green Champion’ Award by MGNCRE, Union Ministry of Education, under Swachhta Action Plan 2020-21.

  • The Higher Education department of India had initiated the Swachhata rankings to generate competition among higher educational institutions for maintaining hygienic campuses.
  • The ‘One District One Green Champion’ Awards are announced by the collector of the district.

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS          

Rebeca Grynspan Appointed as 1st Woman Secretary-General of UNCTADRebeca Grynspan appointed as UNCTAD’s secretary-generalFormer Vice President of Costa Rica and Economist Rebeca Grynspan became the first woman secretary-general of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

  • She was nominated by the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
  • She is the first woman and Central American to be appointed as UNCTAD’s secretary-general. and will succeed Mukhisa Kituyi of Kenya

About Rebeca Grynspan:
i.Currently Rebeca Grynspan has also been serving as the secretary-general of the Ibero-American General Secretariat.
ii.She previously served as UNDP’s regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean, a member of the high-level panel on financing for development.
iii.She also served as Vice President of Costa Rica from 1994 to 1998.
iv.She was also the deputy administrator of the United Nations Development Program.
About UNCTAD:
UNCTAD is a permanent intergovernmental body established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1964. UNCTAD is part of the UN Secretariat and reports to the UN General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council.
Headquarters:Geneva, Switzerland
Member countries:195
Deputy Secretary-General: Isabelle Durant

Naftali Bennett Appointed as the 13th Prime Minister of IsraelNaftali Bennett sworn-in as new Prime Minister of IsraeOn 13th June 2021, Naftali Bennett was sworn in as the 13th Prime Minister of Israel. He succeeds Benjamin Netanyahu who has been serving as the PM of Israel for the past 12 years.

  • Israeli parliament Knesset elected him as the Prime Minister by a 60-59 vote of confidence in the 120-member house.

About Naftali Bennett:
i.Previously Naftali Bennett was a Former minister of Defense under Prime Minister Netanyahu.
ii.He has also served as Minister of Various departments including, Economy, Education, Religious Services and Diaspora Affairs.
iii.He was also a high-tech software entrepreneur.
About Israel:
Capital:Jerusalem
President:Isaac Herzog
Currency: Israeli New Shekel

Audi extended its Association with Indian Cricketer Virat Kohli as Brand Ambassador

Audi AG, the German automobile manufacturer, has extended its association with Indian Cricketer Virat Kohli as its brand ambassador.

  • Viral Kohli has been the brand ambassador of Audi since 2015 and has been a part of Audi’s marketing and social campaigns.
  • He has featured in Audi’s campaigns like #TogetherWithAudi, #MovingForward.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Ministry of AYUSH Launches “Namaste Yoga” App at the 7th International Day of Yoga Curtain Raiser Event‘Namaste Yoga’ mobile App launched in curtain raiser event for 7th International Day of YogaKiren Rijiju Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homoeopathy(AYUSH) formally launched the “Namaste Yoga” mobile application, dedicated to Yoga.

  • The app was launched during the virtual curtain raiser event of the 7th International Day of Yoga (IDY 2021). IDY has been annually on 21st June since 2015.
  • The event was organised by the Ministry of AYUSH in association with the Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY).
  • Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting, participated in the event.

“Namaste Yoga” app:
The “Namaste Yoga” app is an information platform for the public to raise awareness about yoga and make it accessible for the larger community.
IDY 2021:
i.The event marks the beginning of a 10-episode series on various aspects of the Common Yoga Protocol which will be telecasted on Doordarshan(DD) from 12th June to 21st June 2021. 
ii.The series is produced by MDNIY.
About Ministry of AYUSH:
AYUSH– Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy
Minister Of State (IC)– Kiren Rijiju (Constituency: Arunachal West, Arunachal Pradesh)

HAL-Manufactured 3 ALH Mk-III Helicopters Inducted into ICGCoast Guard inducts indigenously-built MK-III advanced light helicoptersOn June 12, 2021, Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar inducted the first 3 of 16 Indigenous Advanced Light Helicopters (ALHs) MK III into Indian Coast Guard (ICG) to assist in coastal surveillance, rescue operations, and further enhance coastal security.

  • ALHs MK III were the state-of-the-art helicopters that are indigenously designed and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

About HAL’s ALH MK-III:
i.HAL will design and develop the ALH Mk-III marine version with in-house customisation of 19 additional equipment to meet ICG requirements. It will supply all the 16 ALH Mk-III to the ICG by mid-2022.
ii.Positioning of ALH Mk-III: After induction, the 16 ALH Mk-III will be positioned at 4 Coast Guard squadrons at Bhubaneshwar(Odisha), Porbandar(Gujarat), Kochi(Kerala), and Chennai (Tamil Nadu), for surveillance.
About Indian Coast Guard (ICG):
Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG) – Krishnaswamy Natarajan
Headquarters – New Delhi
About Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL):
Chairman and Managing Director (CMD)– R Madhavan
Headquarter– Bengaluru, Karnataka
>>Read Full News

ENVIRONMENT

15-metre Tree of Coffee Family Discovered in Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Pyrostria Laljii

A 15-meter-tall tree, Pyrostria laljii, the new species that belongs to the genus of the coffee family, was recently discovered from the Andaman Islands by a team of researchers from India and the Philippines. The discovery was published by M.C. Naik, Botanical Survey of India, M. Bheemalingappa, and Axel H. Arriola, Philippines

  • It is the 1st record of the genus Pyrostria in India (Plants belonging to genus Pyrostria are usually found in Madagascar).
  • Pyrostria laljii has been assessed as ‘Critically Endangered’ based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List criteria.
  • It is named after Lal Ji Singh, Joint Director and Head of Office, Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Botanical Survey of India.

Unique Features of Pyrostria laljii:
i.The tree has umbellate inflorescence with 8-12 flowers and the colour of the flowers varies from white to cream, and turns brown after pollination.
ii.Naik and Singh have also discovered a new species of pokeweed named ‘Rivina andamanensis’, representing the 1st record of the pokeweed family Petiveriaceae in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

SPORTS

Tennis: Overview of 125th Edition of French Open 2021125th edition of French Open 2021The 125th Edition of  French Open 2021 (also known as Roland Garros)  took place from May 30-June 13, 2021 at  Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.

  • It is the 2nd Grand Slam of 2021 and is a Clay-Court
  • It is organized by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).

Novak Djokovic wins his 2nd French Open Title
Novak Djokovic (Serbia) defeated Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece) to win the Men’s Singles Title French Open 2021. It is Djokovic’s 2nd French Open Title & 19th Grand Slam Title.

  • Djokovic became the 1st player in the Open Era to win all 4 Major Grand Slams twice (which is called a double career Grand Slam).

Barbora Krejcikova wins both Women’s Singles & Doubles Title of French Open
Barbora Krejcikova (Czech Republic) defeated Anastasia Pavylyunchenkova (Russia) to win the Women’s Singles Title of the French Open. It is her maiden Grand Slam Title,  she  became the 1st woman from Czech Republic to clinch the French Open Singles title since Hana Mandikolikova in 1981.

  • Barbora along with her partner Katerlina Siniakova (Czech Republic) defeated Bethanie Mattek-Sands (USA) & Iga Swiatek (Poland) to win the Women’s Doubles Title of French Open 2021.
  • With both wins (singles & doubles), Barbora became the 1st woman since Mary Pierce in 2000 to win the Singles and Doubles Title in the same year at French Open.

Category Winner Runner-up
Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic (Serbia) Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece)
Women’s Singles Barbora Krejcikova (Czech Republic) Anastasia Pavylyunchenkova (Russia)
Men’s Doubles Pierre-Hugues Herbert & Nicolas Mahut (France) Alexander Bublik & Andrey Golubev (Kazakhstan)
Women’s Doubles Barbora Krejcikova & Katerlina Siniakova (Czech Republic) Bethanie Mattek-Sands (USA) & Iga Swiatek (Poland)
Mixed Doubles Desirae Krawczyk (USA) & Joe Salisbury (UK) Elena Vesnina & Aslan Karatsev (Russia)

>>Read Full News

OBITUARY

India’s Olympic Marathoner Surat Singh Mathur Passed Away Indian Olympian Surat Singh Mathur passes awayIndia’s Olympic Marathoner Surat Singh Mathur, the first athlete from Independent India to complete the Olympic marathon race, at the 1952 Helsinki Games, passed away in Delhi.
He was born in Mohammadpur Majri Village(Karala), Delhi.
Note:
Though Chhota Singh was the first athlete to represent Independent India in the marathon event at the 1948 London Olympics, he did not complete the race.
About Surat Singh Mathur:
i.At the 1952 Olympics, Surat Singh Mathur completed the marathon race in 52nd place.
ii.He won the bronze medal at the 1st Asian Games held in 1951 in Delhi.
iii.He has won 2 Gold Medals in the National Championships.
iv.The Olympic Council of Asia honoured him during the inauguration of its headquarters in Kuwait City in 2009.

Noted Kannada Poet Siddalingaiah Passed Away

Noted Kannada poet Siddalingaiah passed away on due to Covid-19 related ailments.He was Popularly known as “Dalita Kavi” (Dalit Poet).
He was one of the co-founders of Dalit Sangharsh Samiti, along with Prof. B. Krishnappa, Devanuru Mahadeva and K.B. Siddaiah in 1974.
His autobiography named “Ooru Keri” was published in 1997.
He was nominated as a member of the Karnataka Legislative Council.
He was awarded the Pampa Award, the highest literary award of Karnataka, in 2019.

IMPORTANT DAYS

International Albinism Awareness Day 2021 – 13 JuneInternational Albinism AwarenessThe United Nations(UN)’s International Albinism Awareness Day(IAAD) is annually observed across the globe on 13th June to create awareness about Albinism and the human rights of the people with albinism.
The theme of the International Albinism Awareness Day 2021 is “Strength Beyond All Odds”.
Background:
i.In June 2014, the Human Rights Council recommended the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to proclaim the 13th of June as IAAD.
ii.The UNGA adopted the resolution A/RES/69/170 on 18th December 2014 and proclaimed the 13th June of every year starting from 2015 as the International Albinism Awareness Day.
iii.The First IAAD was observed on 13th June 2015. 
About United Nations Human Rights Council:
President– Nazhat Shameem Khan
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
>>Read Full News

World Blood Donor Day 2021 – June 14World Blood Donor Day 2021World Blood Donor Day is annually observed across the globe on 14th June to create awareness about the need for safe blood and blood products for transfusion and of the critical contribution voluntary, unpaid blood donors make to national health systems.
World Blood Donor Day 2021:
The World Blood Donor Day 2021 is hosted by Italy through its National Blood Centre and the global event will be held in Rome on 14 June 2021.

  • The slogan or campaign theme of 2021 is “Give blood and keep the world beating”.

Background:
In 2005 World Health Assembly (WHA) designated the 14th June of every year as World Blood Donors Day to thank the blood donors and to encourage more people to donate blood.
About World Health Organization(WHO):
Director-General– Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (Ethiopia)
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
>>Read Full News

STATE NEWS

Flipkart to implement ‘Medicines from the Sky’ project in Telangana Flipkart partners with Telangana to conduct pilot project on drone deliveries of vaccinesFlipkart partnered with Telangana Government to implement the “Medicines from the Sky” project on pilot basis in the state, to supply COVID-19 vaccines & emergency medical supplies to the rural inaccessible areas using Drones.
i.Flipkart will implement the project on Pilot basis for 6-days using cutting edge technologies to supply medicines.
ii.Telangana government has partnered with World Economic Forum (WEF), NITI Aayog & HealthNet Global to receive technical support
About Telangana:

  • Hussain Sagar lake in Hyderabad, was built by Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah in 1563 on Musi River.
  • Qutub Shahi Tombs is located in Hyderabad, Telangana

About Flipkart:
Established – 2007
CEO – Kalyan Krishnamurthy
Headquarters – Bangalore, Karnataka
>>Read Full News

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Current Affairs Today (AffairsCloud Today)

S.no  Current Affairs 15 June 2021
1 Rajnath Singh approves Budgetary Support for Defence Innovation & Policy for declassification of  War Records
2 Ministry of heavy industries and public enterprises modifies Fame scheme
3 Madhya Pradesh ranked 1st in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21
4 Sports Ministry launches Central Athlete Injury Management System (CAIMS) to support Olympic-bound Athletes
5 ISRO to assist North-East in Development Projects
6 Nuclear Weapons Spending in 2020 Increased by $1.4 billion: ICAN Report
7 Overview of the 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit 2021
8 Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, UAE – Elected to UN Security Council for 2022-23
9 India’s Forex Reserve Crossed Record $600 billion-mark for 1st time
10 Zimbabwean Novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga Wins 2021 PEN Pinter Prize
11 Former Indian Cricketer Vinoo Mankad Inducted into ICC Hall of Fame 2021
12 400 colleges, varsities receive ‘One District One Green Champion’ Swachhata award
13 Rebeca Grynspan Appointed as 1st Woman Secretary-General of UNCTAD
14 Naftali Bennett Appointed as the 13th Prime Minister of Israel
15 Audi extended its Association with Indian Cricketer Virat Kohli as Brand Ambassador
16 Ministry of AYUSH Launches “Namaste Yoga” App at the 7th International Day of Yoga Curtain Raiser Event
17 HAL-Manufactured 3 ALH Mk-III Helicopters Inducted into ICG
18 15-metre Tree of Coffee Family Discovered in Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Pyrostria Laljii
19 Tennis: Overview of 125th Edition of French Open 2021
20 India’s Olympic Marathoner Surat Singh Mathur Passed Away
21 Noted Kannada Poet Siddalingaiah Passed Away
22 International Albinism Awareness Day 2021 – 13 June
23 World Blood Donor Day 2021 – June 14
24 Flipkart to implement ‘Medicines from the Sky’ project in Telangana