On 17th December 2019, the World Economic Forum (WEF) released its annual survey, India slipped four places and ranked 112th place in the Gender Gap Index, and ranks in the bottom-five in terms of women’s health and survival and in the economic participation of women. Iceland is in the first place becoming the most appropriate country for women followed by Norway (2nd), Finland (3rd) and Sweden (4th).
India in Global Survey:
- India has moved from the 108th as stated in 2018 to the current place in the gender gap index, the economic opportunities for women is extremely limited in India with 35.4% as stated by the report.
- The report also highlighted low sex ratios at birth with 91 girls for 100 boys. In case of health and survival India fared badly and slipped to 150th place with millions of women not getting the same access to health when compared to that of men.
- India ranks 149th in terms of economic participation. It is the only country among the 153 countries studied where the economic gender gap is larger than the political one. But the political representation of women is also low as they make up only 14.4% of Parliament (122nd Global rank) and 23% of the cabinet (69th).
- India’s rank in the first report released by WEF in 2006 was 98 which is relatively higher when compared to the ranks of recent years.
Other Countries in Global survey:
- Nicaragua, New Zealand, Ireland, Spain, Rwanda, and Germany come under the top 10 list.
- China is in 106th place, Bangladesh (50th), Brazil (92nd), Nepal (101st), Indonesia (85th) and Sri Lanka (102nd).
List of Countries in Gender Gap Index:
About World Economic Forum (WEF):
Founded- January 1971
Headquarters- Cologny, Switzerland
Executive Chairman- Klaus Martin Schwab