On October 01, 2021, Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi launched the second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U 2.0) and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0).
i.The SBM-U 2.0 aims to make cities completely ‘free of garbage’ and ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT.
ii.The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around Rs 1.41 lakh crore. It plans to make all urban local bodies open defecation free+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as open defecation free++.
iii.India is processing about 1 lakh tonnes of waste every day. Through the SBM campaign in 2014, less than 20 percent of the waste generated every day in the country was processed and now the country is processing about 70 percent of daily waste. SBM-U 2.0, plans to make the processing 100 percent.
iv.In 2014 India has taken the pledge to make India open defecation free (ODF) and fulfilled it with the construction of 10.7 crore toilets and in urban areas, 62.6 lakh individual household toilets and 6.15 lakh community and public toilets have been constructed.
Background:The SBM was launched on October 2, 2014. The SBM-U under SBM has the focus on 100 percent wastewater treatment and reuse.
i.Improving sewage and septic management, making the cities into water safe cities and ensuring that no sewage drains anywhere in rivers.
ii.Aims to provide 100 percent coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 urban local bodies by providing about 2.68 crore tap connections and 100 percent coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities by providing around 2.64 crore sewer or septage connections.
iii.It will benefit more than 10.5 crore people in urban areas and the outlay of AMRUT 2.0 is around Rs 2.87 lakh crore.
Background: The Government of India has launched AMRUT in 2015 with the objective of transforming 500 cities and towns into efficient urban living spaces, with a special focus on a healthy and green environment for children.
i.Currently, all urban local bodies have been declared ODF and 70 percent of solid waste is being scientifically processed.
ii.The PM dedicated the successes of transformation in urban regeneration and cleanliness to Mahatma Gandhi.
iii.Along with Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas the PM mentioned Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayas as critical for the campaign of cleanliness.
iv.Enhanced Allocation for Urban Development Ministry:
In the preceding 7 years before 2014, around Rs 1.25 lakh crore was allocated for the Ministry, while in 7 years after 2014 around Rs 4 lakh crore were allocated for the Ministry.
v.PM Svanidhi Yojana:
- The PM referred to street vendors and hawkers as one of the most important partners of any city in the program related to urban development.
- PM Svanidhi Yojana has supported those street vendors, thus more than 46 street vendors have availed benefits under the Svanidhi scheme and 25 lakh people have received Rs 2.5 thousand crores.
vi.SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 will help contribute towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals 2030.
Participants: Union Ministers and Minister of States such as Hardeep Singh Puri, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Prahlad Singh Patel, Kaushal Kishore, Bishweswar Tudu, among others have participated in the launch.
Recent Related News:
On June 25, 2021, an online event was organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) to mark the 6th anniversary of the launch of three transformative Urban Missions viz. Smart Cities Mission (SCM), AMRUT and Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U). The event will be presided over by the Minister of State (Independent Charge), Hardeep Singh Puri, MoHUA.
About Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA):
Union Minister – Hardeep Singh Puri (Constituency – Uttar Pradesh)
Ministry of State – Kaushal Kishore (Constituency – Mohanlalganj, Uttar Pradesh)