Modern History: Government of India Act, 1935 to Cabinet mission, 1945

Government of India Act, 1935:

  • Abolition of provincial dyarchy and introduction of dyarchy at centre.
  • Abolition of Indian Council and introduction of an advisory body in its place.
  • Provision for an All India Federation with British India territories and princely states.
  • Elaborate safeguards and protective instruments for minorities.
  • Supremacy of British Parliament. Increase in size of legislatures, extension of franchise, division of subjects into three lists and retention of communal electorate.

Elections of 1937:

  • First provincial elections held in 1937 where out of 11 congress has won eight, Muslim league none , Unionist party won 1(in Punjab),United party won 1(Sindh) and Praja party won 1(Bengal).
  • Congress ministries had resigned because Britishers declared India’s participations in second world war without their will.

August Offer, 1940:

  • Dominoin Status in the unspecified future.
  • A post-war body to enact the Constitution.
  • To expand the Governor General’s Executive Council to give full weightage to minority opinion

Cripps mission,1942:

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  • This mission was sent by British to seek help from Indians in second world war.
  • Cripps worked to keep India loyal to the British war effort in exchange for a promise of full self-government after the war.
  • Both congress and Muslim league rejected this offer.

 

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