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Maharashtra regains Top Spot in Justice Delivery among states in India: IJR report 2020

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Maharashtra best state in justice delivery againAccording to the 2nd Edition of India Justice Report (IJR) 2020, Maharashtra (with 5.77 points) regained the Top spot for Better Justice Delivery among 18 Large and mid-sized states (Population over one crore each), it was followed by Tamil Nadu (with 5.73 points) & Telangana (5.64 points). In the Category of 7 small states (Population less than one crore each), Tripura topped the list followed by Sikkim (4.48 points) & Goa(4.42 points).

  • The report was released by Tata Trusts with the support of Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, DAKSH, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) – Prayas & Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and How India Lives.
  • It is India’s only ranking of states based on delivery of Justice to people.
  • The Justice Delivery is based on 4 pillars – Police, Judiciary, Prisons & Legal Aid.
  • Note – Apart from 18 Large and Mid Sized States & 7 Small States remaining states were not ranked.

Large & Mid sized States:

Rank  Large & Mid sized States Score
1 Maharashtra 5.77
2 Tamil Nadu 5.73
3 Telangana 5.64
4 Punjab 5.41
5 Kerala 5.36

Small States:

Rank  Small  States Score
1 Tripura 4.57
2 Sikkim 4.48
3 Goa 4.42
4 Himachal Pradesh 4.37
5 Arunachal Pradesh 4.04

Methodology:

The report is based on 53 Indicators. It is also based on

  • Number of women among judges, police & police officers, prison staff & legal aid panel lawyers.
  • Number of Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) & Other Backward Classes (OBC) among police constables and officers.
  • Case pendency and clearance rates
  • Utilization of Budgets in the Justice System.
  • Vacancies in police forces, prison staff & judge benches

Women Representation:

  • Improvement of Women Representation in 22 states in Police, 18 states in prisons & 20 states for subordinate court judges.
  • Only 29% of judges in India are Women.
  • Gujarat is the  only state which registered an increase in women’s employment across police, prisons & Judiciary.

Pillar Wise Performance:

i.Judiciary:

Top states – Tamil Nadu topped in 18 Large-Mid sized states & Sikkim topped in 7 small states.

ii.Prisons:

Top states – Rajasthan topped in 18 Large-Mid sized states & Himachal Pradesh topped in 7 small states.

  • The report has stated that Prison Occupancy has increased in 25 States & UTs.
  • Average Spend per prisoner has increased by 45%.

iii.Legal aid:

Top states: Maharashtra topped in 18 Large-Mid sized states and Goa topped in 7 small states.

  • Nationally, the per capita spend on Legal Aid has increased to INR 1.05 (2019-20) from 75 Paise (2017-18).

iv.Police:

Top State – Karnataka topped in 18 Large-Mid sized states and Sikkim topped in 7 small states.

The full report can be accessed here

About Tata Trusts:
Chairman – Ratan Tata
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra