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Indian Polity: Part – IV( Directive Principal Of State Policy: Article 36 to Article 51 )

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Part IV of the Indian Constitution deals with the Directive Principles of State Policy. Directive Principles are not enforceable in a Court, they are fundamental in the governance of the country and it is the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws. It shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.


  • State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.(Article 38)
  • Citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood(Article39 )
  • Equal justice and free legal aid(Article 39A)
  • Organization of village panchayats(Article 40).
  • Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases: The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want (Article 41)
  • Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.(Article 42)
  • Participation of workers in organization.(Article 43 A)
  • Uniform civil code(Article 44).
  • Free education for all the children from 0 to 6 years.( Article 45)
  • Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.(Article 46)
  • Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health(Article 47).
  • Organization of animal husbandry(Article 48)
  • Protection and Improvement of Environment.(Article 48A)
  • Protection of Historical Monuments (Article 49).
  • Separation of judiciary from executive(Article 50)
  • Promotion of international peace and security(Article 51)

In other way, these directive principles can be divided into three types:

(a)  Socialistic Directives

Article 38 , 39, 41 and 42

(b) Gandhian Directives

Article 40, 43,45,46,47,48

(c) Liberal intellectual directives

Article 44, 50