On the sidelines of India’s proposed action for the elimination of Malaria by 2030, Union Health & Family Welfare Minister J P Nadda has instigated the National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-2030.
- Abolishing of Malaria will not only brought down the burden of disease but also reduce healthcare cost on diseases control programme.
Key objectives of NFME:
To sustain zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria the milestones and targets are set for 2016, 2020, 2022, 2024, 2027 and 2030 which will lead to achieve certification of malaria elimination status to the country.
- By 2022 – Elimination of malaria from all low and moderate endemic states/UTs.
- By 2024 – To reduce incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population in all States/UTs and the districts & malaria elimination in 31 states/UTs
- By 2027 – Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria in all States/ UTs.
- By 2030 – Prevention of re-establishment of local transmission of malaria in areas where it has been eliminated and to maintain malaria-free status of the country.
Key Strategic Approaches of NFME
- Category 0 – Prevention of re- introduction phase
- Category 1 – Elimination phase
- Category 2 – Pre-elimination phase
- Category 3 – Intensified control phase
Short Term Target of NFME
By end of 2016 – All states/UTs should include malaria elimination in their broader health policies and planning framework.
By end of 2017 – All states should bring down API to less than 1 per thousand populations.
By end of 2020 – 15 states/UTs under category 1 (elimination phase) should interrupt transmission of malaria and achieve zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria.