On July 12, 2017, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, J P Nadda, launched the National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination (2017-22) at a function in New Delhi.
Salient Features of National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination (2017-22):
The Strategic Plan gives year wise elimination targets in various parts of the country depending upon the endemicity of malaria in the next 5 years.
- The strategies involve strengthening malaria surveillance, establishing a mechanism for early detection and prevention of outbreaks of malaria, promoting the prevention of malaria by the use of Long Lasting Impregnated Nets (LLINs), effective indoor residual spray and augmenting the manpower and capacities for effective implementation for the next five years.
- Union Health Ministry has especially been focussing on Long Lasting Impregnated Nets (LLINs) for past three years. The Ministry has distributed 14 million nets and 25 million nets are to be distributed.
- Nadda mentioned that on account of previous efforts, encouraging results have been achieved in the North East India and now the Ministry is focusing on other states such as Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
- Speaking at the launch, Union Health Minister J P Nadda said that the government would like to eliminate malaria by 2027 and urged the states to own the programme and sought their active cooperation for its successful implementation.
- It is to be noted that National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) that was launched last year outlined India’s commitment for eliminating malaria by 2030.
Malaria is disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes.
- It is most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles
- Across the world, one child dies of malaria every two minutes and the burden is the heaviest in the African region.
- India has the third highest malaria burden in the world.