Current Affairs Today September 8 2018

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Current Affairs Today September 8 2018

 INDIAN AFFAIRS

6th International Geriatric Orthopaedic Conference inaugurated by Shri Rajnath Singh at AIIMS, Delhi
On September 8, 2018, the Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh inaugurated the 6th International Geriatric Orthopaedic Society of India Conference at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi.

International Geriatric Orthopaedic Conference inaugurated by Shri Rajnath Singh at AIIMS, Delhii. The theme of the conference is: “Increased Longevity with Reduced Fragility and Enhanced Mobility”.
ii. This was organized by Geriatric Orthopaedic Society of India.
iii. He acknowledged Ayushman Bharat scheme and announced that the Government will establish around 1,50,000 Wellness Centres and Sub Centres across the country.
iv. He emphasized that health facilities for elderly population be increased as their population is expected to be 30 crore by 2050.

Particulate emission pollution from commuting in Delhi highest among 14 major cities: CSE
On September 8, 2018, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in its study reported that the pollution by particulate emission from commuting in Delhi is highest among 14 major cities in the country.
i. The study was discussed on the first day of an international conclave on Towards Clean and Low Carbon Mobility. 
Highlights of the study:
i. Particulate emission in Delhi is three times that of Mumbai.
ii. The main reasons being:

  • Higher population,
  • Highest vehicle stock and
  • Total vehicle kilometres generated.

iii. Bhopal ranked 11 times better than Delhi.
iv. The top 3 are:  Bhopal, Chandigarh and Vijaywada.

‘Bharat Ke Veer’ initiative gets ‘trust’ status; exempted from Income Tax
On September 8, 2018, Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced that all contributions to home ministry’s ‘Bharat Ke Veer’ fund have been exempted from the income tax under 80(G) .
i. It has been formalised into a registered trust.
About Bharat Ke Veer initiative:
i. It is a trust fund where people can aids families of paramilitary personnel who died fighting extremists.
ii. It was formed with film star Akshay Kumar and former national Badminton champion Pullela Gopichand in April 2017.
iii. It has been formed with seven trustees headed by the Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba.

2-week combat exercise “Yudh Abhyas” between Indian, US armies to carry out in Uttarakhand
On September 8, 2018, after the 2+2 dialogue, the armies of  India and the US decided to hold an annual combat exercise “Yudh Abhyas at Chaubatia in Uttarakhand from September 16 to 29, 2018.

Yudh Abhyas between Indian, US armies to carry out in UttarakhandObjective:
Aim to enhance inter-operability between the two forces.
Key Points:
i. Around 400 soldiers from each side are expected to participate in the exercise.
ii. This happened after the agreement of ‘The Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA)’ was signed between the two countries.

2-day 4th Annual Sustainable Smart Cities India Conference was held in Bengaluru
On September 7-8, 2018, the 4th Annual Sustainable Smart Cities India Conference was inaugurated by A.B. Ibrahim, IAS, Mission Director, Smart City Mission, Karnataka in Bengaluru.

2-day 4th Annual Sustainable Smart Cities India Conference was held in BengaluruObjective:
To work on reforms, development and barriers taking place in the Smart Cities India projects
Key Points:
i. It was organized, conceptualized and developed by Nispana Innovative Platforms Pvt. Ltd.
ii. It was supported by Smart City Mission, Government of India, Swachh Bharat, Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development and Finance Corporation & City Manager Association Karnataka.
iii. The focus areas were:

  • Sharing best practices and
  • Collaboration of technology, products and services for the empowerment of urban development.

iv. Over 200 participants from key stakeholders, central and state government officials and decision makers from across diverse sectors participated.
v. It also featured smart city technology and solution providers like Tata Communications, Philips etc.
About Nispana Innovative Platforms Pvt. Ltd:
Headquarters: Bengaluru.
Smart City Mission:
i. It is the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
ii. Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission.
iii. It is a five-year program, where all of the Indian states and Union territories nominate at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge which will be given financial aid by the central and state governments between 2017-2022 and the mission will start showing results from 2022 onwards.

SDSAP: Data sharing and accessibility portal launched in Sikkim by CM
On September 8, 2018, Chief Minister Pawan Kumar Chamling launched the first data sharing and accessibility portal of Sikkim: State Data Sharing and Accessibility Platform (SDSAP).
i. This is a single platform where all the important statistics of the state and departments converges.
ii. Here, the state Information Technology Department would upload data in the portals twice a year – in April-May and September-October.
iii. Apart from this,  the State Direct Benefit Transfer portal was also launched.
iv. These two portals will be helpful in increasing transparency in the functioning of the government.

Rajasthan Assembly passed the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Bill, 2018.
On September 8, 2018, the Rajasthan Assembly passed the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Bill, 2018.
i. The bill contains:

  • Relaxation of the “two-child” provision for those aspiring to contest panchayat elections provided one of the children is differently-abled,
  • Allowing people suffering from leprosy to contest panchayat elections.

ii. This bill amends the provisions of the Section 19 of the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act, 1994.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

India to participate in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test after 9 year Boycott
India has decided to participate in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), after a gap of 9 years.
Key Points:
i. PISA is conducted by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) once in every 3 years. It tests the learning level of 15-year old students.
ii. India had participated in PISA in 2009 and secured 72nd rank among 74 participating countries.
iii. After that low performance, Indian government had boycotted PISA citing that, it contained out of context questions.
iv. Now, India is applying for PISA 2021 test with Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas, and all private and government schools, in Chandigarh.
About Organisation for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD):
♦ Objective – to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people throughout the world
♦ Secretary-General – Angel Gurría
♦ Headquarters – Paris, France

‘Source India’ at 87th Izmir International tradeshow in Turkey
India launched a mega business pavilion named ‘Source India’ in the 87th Izmir International tradeshow which is held from 7th to 11th September, 2018, in Izmir, Turkey.
Source India:
i. India is the Partner Country in the 87th Izmir International tradeshow. Source India aims for tie-ups to increase India’s exports to Turkey and other neighbouring countries.
ii. Source India hosts 75 Indian companies. It is a multi-product pavilion. Major potential areas for increasing trade with Turkey are ceramics, cereals and machinery or mechanical appliances.
iii. This is part of a series of Source India pavilions hosted by Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI) in important tradeshows in various countries to increase India’s exports.
About Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI):
♦ Type – trade and investment promotion organization
♦ Purpose – works to open new areas for co-operation in trade and investment between India and rest of the world
♦ Functions under – Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce & Industry

BANKING & FINANCE

Government doubles monetary limit for filing cases in DRT to 20 lakh rupees
On 6th September 2018, government doubled the monetary limit from Rs 10 lakh to Rs 20 lakh for filing loan recovery application in the Debt Recovery Tribunals (DRT) by banks and financial institutions.
Key Points:
i. Banks and financial institutions’ recovery of dues are done through legal mechanisms, like Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, Recovery of Debts to Banks and Financial Institution (DRT) Act and Lok Adalats.
ii. Now, any bank or financial institution or a consortium of banks or financial institutions cannot approach DRTs if the amount due is less than Rs 20 lakh.
iii. Finance Ministry has stated that this move has been made to reduce pendency of cases in DRTs. There are 39 DRTs in India.
About Ministry of Finance:
♦ Union Finance Minister – Arun Jaitley
♦ Ministers of State for Finance – Shiv Pratap Shukla, Pon Radhakrishnan

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

Temasek inks agreement to invest $400 million in NIIF Master Fund
Temasek, a Singapore-based global investment firm, has signed an agreement to invest up to $400 million in the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) of India with an option for co-investment with NIIF in the future.

Temasek inks agreement to invest $400 million in NIIF Master FundKey Points:
i. As part of the agreement, Temasek will join the Government of India, Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA), HDFC Group, ICICI Bank, Kotak Mahindra Life Insurance and Axis Bank as an investor in NIIF’s Master Fund.
ii. It will also be a shareholder in National Investment and Infrastructure Limited, NIIF’s investment management company.
iii. With this investment, NIIF Master Fund has become one of the largest infrastructure funds in India.
iv. It invests in core infrastructure sectors in India like transportation, energy and urban infrastructure.
About National Investment and Infrastructure Fund Limited (NIIFL):
♦ MD & CEO – Sujoy Bose
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai
♦ Type – an investor-owned fund manager, backed by Indian Government in collaboration with leading global and domestic institutional investors

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Panel to select new Chief Economic Advisor to be chaired by former RBI governor Bimal Jalan
On September 8, 2018, the government appointed former Reserve Bank of India governor Bimal Jalan to head panel to select the next Chief Economic Adviser in the finance ministry.

Panel to select new Chief Economic Advisor to be chaired by former RBI governor Bimal Jalani. Other members: secretary of the department of personnel and training C Chandramouli and economic affairs secretary Subhash Chandra Garg.
ii. The final approval will be given by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
iii. The government is seeking applications for the post after previous CEA Arvind Subramanian resigned from office.
Background:
Former CEA Arvind Subramanian resigned from his post before his tenure ended in May 2019. He joined as a visiting professor at Harvard University.
Ministry of Finance:
♦ Union Minister: Shri Arun Jaitley.
♦ Minister of State: P Radhakrishnan, Shiv Pratap Shukla.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

China launched new marine satellite HY-1C on Long March-2C rocket for surveying climate change
On September 8, 2018, China successfully launched a new marine satellite called HY-1C aboard a Long March-2C rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre in north China’s Shanxi Province.
Objective:
To better monitor its maritime waters and study the impact of climate change.
Key Points:
i. The satellite was developed by the China Spacesat Co., Ltd. under the China Academy of Space Technology.
ii. It has a design life of five years and can detect chlorophyll and suspended sediment concentrations and dissolved organic matter.
iii. It will be used to:

  • Monitor ocean colour and water temperaturesfor research
  • Provide survey of the resources and environment of China’s offshore waters, islands and Coastal zones, marine disaster relief and the sustainable utilisation of ocean resources

iv. It is expected to improve China’s ocean remote sensing capability.
Other news:
China would launch another satellite: HY-1D in 2019.
China:
♦ Capital: Beijing.
♦ Currency: Renminbi.
♦ President: Xi Jinping.
♦ Prime Minister: Li Keqiang.

NASA’s 3rd FOXSI Mission to search sun commenced with X-Ray Vision
On September 7, 2018, NASA’s Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager, or FOXSI took its third flight from the White Sands Missile Range in White Sands, New Mexico.

NASA's 3rd FOXSI Missioni. It is the first instrument built specially to image high-energy X-rays from the Sun
ii. It will capture nanoflares — miniature explosions invisible to the naked eye.
iii. It will travel 190 miles up in a 15-minute journey, above the shield of Earth’s atmosphere, to view the sun.
Background:
The first FOXSI flight was in 2012, during which it successfully viewed a small solar flare in progress, and its second in 2014, when it detected the best evidence at the time of X-ray emission from nanoflares.

Dataset Search: Google launches new search engine for scientific community
On 6th September 2018, Google launched “Dataset Search”, a new search engine for the scientific community to help them find the data required for their work.
Dataset Search:
i. Dataset Search will work like Google Scholar, which is Google’s search engine for academic studies and reports.
ii. Dataset Search will help find datasets wherever they’re hosted, from a publisher’s site, a digital library, or an author’s personal web page.
iii. Users can find references to most datasets in environmental and social sciences, other disciplines, government data and data provided by news organisations.
iv. Dataset Search works in various languages. Support for additional languages will be provided soon.
About Google:
♦ CEO – Sundar Pichai
♦ Headquarters – California, U.S.

SPORTS

2018 AIBA Youth Women’s & Men’s World Championships in Budapest, Hungary
From 21st to 31st August 2018, 2018 AIBA Youth Women’s & Men’s World Championships was held at Duna Arena, in Budapest,Hungary. 359 boxers from 65 countries participated.
Mascot: Hungarian Grey bull and cow.
Indian Winners:

  • Gold medals: Nitu (Women’s Light Fly 45-48kg), Sakshi (Women’s Feather 54-57kg)
  • Silver medals: Anamika (Women’s Fly 48-51kg), Manisha (Women’s Light Welter 64kg)
  • Bronze medals: Bhavesh Kattimani (Men’s Fly 49-52kg), Ankit (Women’s Light – 60kg), Jony (Women’s Light 57-60kg), Pahwa A (Women’s Middle 69-75kg), Gaidhani S (Women’s Light Heavy 81kg), Yadav N (Women’s Heavy +81kg)

Awards:

  • Best Men Boxer – Dzhambulat Bizhamov (Russia – 69KG)
  • Best Women Boxer – Charlie Cavanagh (Canada – 69KG)
  • Best Coach – Augie Sanchez (USA)
  • Best Team – Team Russia
  • Fair Play Award – Team Hungary

About AIBA (International Boxing Association):
♦ Interim President – Mr Gafur Rahimov
♦ Headquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu, Honourable Vice President of India released the Book Constitutionalizing India: an Ideational Project, authored by Shri Bidyut Chakrabarty, in New Delhi
On September 5, 2018, the Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu released a book New Delhi.
Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu, Honourable Vice President of India released the Book Constitutionalizing India: an Ideational Project, authored by Shri Bidyut Chakrabarty, in New Delhii. The Book is: ‘Constitutionalizing India: an Ideational Project’.
ii. It has been authored by Shri Bidyut Chakrabarty.

IMPORTANT DAYS

52nd World Literacy Day celebrated on September 8
September 8 is celebrated as International Literacy day.
52nd World Literacy Day celebrated on September 8i. This year’s International Literacy Day theme is “literacy and skill development.”
ii. It was declared by UNESCO on 26 October 1966 at 14th session of UNESCO’s General conference.
iii. It was celebrated for the first time in 1967.
iv. It highlights the importance of literacy or the ability to read and write for individuals, communities and societies.
UNESCO:
♦ Headquarters: Paris, France.
♦ Head: Audrey Azoulay.

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