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Current Affairs March 12 2020

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 12 March 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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Click here for Current Affairs March 11 2020Current Affairs March 12 2020NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Govt sets up a committee on Kisan Rail to finalize its modalitiesGovt Sets up a committee on Kisan RailThe committee has been formed under the aegis of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, consisting of representatives from Ministry of Railways also, to work out the modalities of ‘Kisan Rail’. During the FY2020-21 budget, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman proposed to set up Kisan Rail through the public-private-partnership (PPP) mode for a cold supply chain to transport perishable goods. Already, newly designed Refrigerated Parcel Vans were procured through RCF (Rail Coach Factory), Kapurthala, Punjab to transport perishable parcel traffic…..Click here to Read More

Hola Mohalla’ festival celebrated at Sri Anandpur Sahib in Punjab
On March 10, 2020 ‘Hola Mohalla’ is the annual Sikh festival celebrated on the following day of the festival Holi at Sri Anandpur Sahib, Punjab. The festival will be celebrated for 3 days from March 10 to 12, 2020. The festival aims to physically strengthen Sikh community by holding acrobatic military exercises and mock battles.
Key Points:
i.Hola Mohalla: The festival holds an annual fair which was initiated by Guru Gobind Singh ji, the 10th sikh guru.
ii.In this festival, the Sikh community performs wrestling, mock sword fights, turban tying, bareback horse-riding, standing erect on two speeding horses, tent pigging etc., which is then followed by the music and poetry competition.
iii.On the third day of the celebration a long procession will be led by Panj Pyaras (collective name given to 5 Sikh men), which starts from Takth Keshgarh Sahib & passes through various important gurudwaras like Quila Anandgarh, Lohgarh Sahib, Mata Jito Ji and ends at the Takht.
About Punjab:
Capital- Chandigarh.
State Animal- Blackbuck.
State Bird- Northern goshawk.

Week Long 1st “Ekam Fest” held in New Delhi; inaugurated by Thaawarchand Gehlot; 3 intiatives launched for PwDsEkam Fest held in New DelhiA week long Exhibition-cum-Fair, the first “EKAM Fest” organized by National Handicapped Finance Development Corporation (NHFDC) under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment held in Emporia Complex, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi-1 from 2nd March to 9th March 2020.It was inaugurated by Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot.

  • EKAM, an acronym for Entrepreneurship, Knowledge, Awareness, Marketing, was aimed to showcase products made with extra ordinary determination by the divyang (differently-abled) crafts persons and entrepreneurs.
  • Three New Initiatives for PwDs launched during fest: NHFDC Swavalamban Kendra (NSK), Safe Cabs in Delhi and Indore, and Safe Drinking Water E Carts:….Click here to Read More

HAL set to build logistics base in Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Sri Lanka for the purpose of selling aircraft
On March 9, 2020, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL),an Indian state-owned aerospace and defence company, is exploring possibilities to build a logistics base in 4 countries (Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Sri Lanka) as part of its efforts to entice those nations to buy Tejas and light helicopters manufactured in India.
Key Points:
i.HAL chose these countries because they use many military aircraft and helicopters of Russian origin, which have “very poor” service capacity.
ii.It is noteworthy that the Indian Air Force (IAF) has already placed an order to make 40 Tejas, which has a high lifespan of 30 years& is developed by Aeronautical Development Agency & HAL.It is going to make an agreement soon in this regard. Under this, HAL has got orders to build 83 more aircraft for Rs 38,000 crore very soon.
iii.Prime Minister Narendra Modi in February 2020 set an ambitious target of $5 billion for defense exports over the next five years and asked all military manufacturers to work hard to achieve this goal.
iv.In line with the Indian government’s priorities, HAL is now focusing on promoting exports and identified South East Asia, West Asia and North Africa to sell key platforms such as Tejas, Rudra-Attack Helicopters and advanced light helicopter Dhruv.
v.It will also help India achieve its Defence target of Rs 35,000 crores by 2024. Currently India is exporting Defence products of worth Rs 17,000 crores.
About Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL):
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka
Chairman & Managing Director– R Madhavan

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

India 2nd largest arms importer in 2015-19, Saudi Arabia tops; US largest exporter of arms while India at 23rd: SIPRI ReportIndia was 2nd largest arms importerIn accordance with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s (SIPRI) annual report titled “Trends in international arms transfers, 2019”, India is the world’s second largest arms importer during 2015-19 with its global share of 9.2% after Saudi Arabia, who has topped the ranking with global share of 12%. On the other hand, India ranked 23rd in terms of world’s largest arms exporters with global share of 0.2% and its main clients being Myanmar (46%), Sri Lanka (25%), and Mauritius (14%). United States (US) topped the list in this section with a share of 36%.

  • It should be noted that India’s arms import declined by 32% since 2015 due to “Make in India” initiative…..Click here to Read More

India is positioned 2nd, US tops  as most promising source of disruptive technologies : KPMG 2020KPMG 2020 global technologyOn March 11, 2020  Klynveld Peat  Marwick Goerdeler (KPMG)’s global Technology(Tech) industry innovation survey ranked India in 2nd position which is  shared with China as the most promising country for developing globally impactful disruptive technologies. The United States (US) topped the survey.
Bengaluru  ranked 9th, Singapore tops in Cities which leads the tech innovation hubs
KPMG’s also surveyed which cities  in addition to global leader Silicon Valley/San Francisco, will be leading technology innovation hubs over the next 4 years. Bengaluru ranked 9th & Singapore topped the position…..Click here to Read More

Jack Ma overtakes Mukesh Ambani & becomes Asia’s richest man with networth of $44.8 billion:Bloomberg Billionaires Index
Mukesh Ambani loses Asia richest man title to Jack MaOn March 10, 2020, as per Bloomberg Billionaires Index, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. Founder Jack Ma has grabbed the title of Asia’s richest man with a net worth at $44.8 billion from Mukesh Ambani, Chairman & Managing Director (CMD) of Reliance Industries. The latter’s share has dropped by $5.8 billion to $41.8 billion due to coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic which led to collapse in oil markets.

  • Mukesh Ambani continues to be India’s richest man and globally he is ranked at number19 and Jack Ma at 18th.
  • Amazon CEO (Chief Executive Officer) Jeff Bezos continues to be the world’s richest man even though he lost $5.6 billion…..Click here to Read More

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

Google India unveils women skill development programme ‘DigiPivot’ in association with Avtar & ISB
On  March 7, 2020, Google India has launched a skilling programme for women called ‘DigiPivot’, where the woman who wishes to return to their company careers after a break or just planning to make mid-career shifts to digital advertising and marketing.
The programme will end on August 28,2020 with a day-long graduation occasion on the Google Hyderabad (Telangana) Campus.
Key Points:
i.The skilling programme has been developed jointly in partnership with a career portal service for women–Avtar & the Indian School of Business (ISB) with the aim to help the general gender mix within the digital advertising and marketing panorama in India and can offer an opportunity for 200 girls professionals to re-skill themselves.
ii.Woman who’re at present working and those that are ready to return to the workforce with 4-10 years of expertise in consulting, analytics, branding and sales and support are eligible to attend this programme.
iii.The selected woman will undergo a curated 18-week studying program and engagement (each offline & on-line) that aims to empower them with digital advertising and marketing data and instruments in addition to mentorship on strategic management abilities.
About Google Inc:
Headquarters
– California,US
CEO– Sundar Pichai

India’s 2019 thermal coal imports rose 12.6% to 197.84 million tonnes; coking coal import declined: Govt Data
In accordance with the government data, in 2019, India’s thermal coal imports rose 12.6% to 197.84 million tonnes stating a consecutive 2nd year growth despite attempts to cut imports. Thermal coal is mainly used for power generation. Importantly, India is world’s largest consumer, importer and producer of the fuel where coal is among the top five commodities imported.

  • Imports of coking coal, which is used mainly in the manufacturing of steel – fell marginally to 51.33 million tonnes from 51.63 million tonnes in 2018.
  • As per govt data, Indonesia accounted around 60% of India’s thermal coal imports in the April-December, 2019 period while South Africa accounted for 22% and Russia and Australia accounting for over 5% each.

Key Points:
i.The higher coal imports by Indian Government is benefitting international miners such as Indonesia’s Adaro Energy, U.S. coal miner Peabody Energy Corp and global commodity merchants such as Glencore.
ii.Indian coal imports grew largely due to lower production by Coal India Ltd, whose output fell for five consecutive months ending November due to the highest annual rainfall in 25 years and frequent outages including strikes by workers and locals.
About Ministry of Coal:
Minister of Coal,Mines and Parliamentary Affairs- Shri Pralhad Joshi

TCIL signs MoU with The Gambia for MEA’s eVBAB Network Project
On march 9, 2020, Telecommunications consultants India Limited (TCIL) under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Gambia. This MoU is signed for the participation in MEA’s (eVBAB) e-VidyaBharati and e-ArogyaBharati Network Project for tele-medicine and tele-education in Africa.

  • It is signed by the High commissioner of Gambia, Jainaba Jagne to the Director-Technical at the TCIL Kamendra Kumar in New Delhi.
  • Gambia remains the 16th country to participate in this e-Network project.

About Ministry of External Affairs(MEA):
Headquarters- New Delhi
Founded- 1946
External Affairs Minister- DR. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
About Gambia:
Capital- Banjul
Currency- Gambian dalasi
President- Adama Barrow

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS

Indian mountaineer Bhawna Dehariya scales Mount Kosciuszko, Australia’s highest mountain peak Indian mountaineer Bhawna DehariyaOn March 10, 2020 Indian Mountaineer Bhawna Dehariya hails from Madhya Pradesh (MP) has successfully scaled Mount Kosciuszko [2, 228 meters], the highest mountain peak in Australia on the occasion of Holi.
Key Points:
i.Dehariya had scaled Mount Kilimanjaro [5, 895 meters] on the occasion of Diwali in the year 2019 and also felt fortunate that she had celebrated 2 biggest festivals of India at the mountain peaks.
ii.Dehariya also thanked MP Chief Minister (CM) Kamal Nath for supporting and motivating her to climb the summit.

PV Sindhu named as BBC Indian Sportswoman of the year 2019 and PT Usha won Lifetime Achievement AwardBBC Indian Sportswoman honour for SindhuOn March 8, 2020 Pusarla Venkata Sindhu, 24 years old, won BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) Indian Sportswoman of the year award 2019 and former sprinter Pilavullakandi Thekkeparambil Usha was awarded with Lifetime Achievement award. The BBC award ceremony was held in New Delhi.  Union Sports Minister Shri Kiren Rijiju was the guest of honour and Tony Hall, BBC Director General hosted the awards ceremony event.
Key Points:
i.Nominees of the award: PV Sindhu was selected from the shortlist of 5 players which includes Sprinter Dutee Chand, Boxer Mary Kom, Wrestler Vinesh Phogat and Para-badminton player Manasi Joshi. The award was selected through the public vote to celebrate female athletes across India.
ii.Achievements of PV Sindhu: Sindhu was the first Indian to win badminton World Championship gold in Basel, Switzerland and has 5 World Championships medals.
iii.She is the first Indian badminton player to win a Olympic silver medal. Sindhu, at the age of 17, entered top 20 of the World rankings and has been in the top 10 for the past 4 years.
iv.About PT Usha: The Lifetime Achievement award was awarded for her contribution to Indian sports & inspiring generations of players.
v.The Indian Olympics Association also named PT Usha as “Best Sportswoman of the Century” and she also won 100 international medals and awards during her career.

2019 Airport Service Quality awards- Kempegowda International Airport adjudged as Best Airport in 2019 ASQ Arrivals Award
AAI airports among best aerodromes 2019 ASQ awards

  • Annual Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Awards recognize and reward the best airports in the world according to ACI’s ‘ASQ Departure Survey’ and the ‘ASQ Arrivals Survey’34 key performance indicators under eight major categories were assessed during the survey & Indian Airports under the Airport Authority of India(AAI) have won many awards under Asia-Pacific region in “2019 Airport Service Quality (ASQ) awards”. The award is given by the Airports Council International (ACI).Click here to Read More 

Dr Jaimanti Bakshi, PGI Professor won Best Citizens of India Gold medal Award National award for PGI ProfessorOn March 8, 2020 Dr Jaimanti Bakshi, Professor & Unit Head II, Department of Otolaryngology and Head Neck surgery at PGIMER (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research), Chandigarh was awarded with “Best Citizens of India”. The award was given by “GEPRA” (Global Economic Progress and Research Association) during the National Unity conference held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu (TN) .
Key Points:
i.Award Contribution: Dr Bakshi was awarded for her contribution and individual achievements towards the National Development by her services to the people suffering from many ENT (Ear Nose Throat) diseases, head and neck cancer.
ii.GEPRA functions under Government of India (GOI).

Women scientists receive international exposure through  Indo-U.S. Fellowship :  WISTEMMstemmDepartment of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India & Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum’s (IUSSTF) program, Indo-U.S. Fellowship for Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Medicine (WISTEMM) provides international exposure to several women scientists…..Click here to Read More

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS

ITBP chief SS Deswal given additional charge of BSF DGShri Surjeet Singh DeswalOn March 10,2020, Director General Indo Tibetan Border Police(ITBP), Shri Surjeet Singh Deswal was given an additional charge by the Ministry of Home Affairs to serve as a Director General of Border Security Force(BSF). He will succeed Vivek johri repatriated by Government of India who has now taken over a charge as a Director General of Police at Madhya Pradesh.

  • Shri Surjeet Singh Deswal an IPS officer 1984 – batch, Haryana. Vivek johri an IPS officer 1984 – batch, Madhya Pradesh. He is the first senior police officer who moved from Central Paramilitary Force to state.

About Border Security Force(BSF):
Established – 1965
Headquarters – New Delhi
Moto – Duty Unto Death

PV Sindhu becomes the brand ambassador for anti-graft helpline
Badminton world champion PV Sindhu is appointed as the brand ambassador for Andhra Pradesh government’s anti-graft helpline or anti-corruption helpline– 14400
She has featured along with  Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy in a video  titled ‘stop corruption’ which states people keep their eyes & ears open against corruption.
Other ambassador Appointment:
i.The Washington Apple Commission appoints Actor Disha Patani & celebrity chef Sanjeev Kapoor as  brand ambassadors in India &  the Commission launched a campaign called #WashingtonApplesKuchKhaasHai featuring its brand ambassadors. India is  a key market for Washington apples.
ii.Cricketer Harbhajan Singh becomes brand ambassador of Indian online leather accessory brand Brune & Bareskin as the company goes into offline retail with its first store in Jalandhar.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

ARCI develops Fuel Cell Technology for Disaster Management
On March 9, 2020 Scientist of International Advanced Research for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI) an autonomous Research & Development(R&D) centre of Department of Science and Technology (DST), developed Fuel Cell Technology named as Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)  for Disaster Management.
PEMFC Advantage
It has operational capability even at low-temperatures with applications in decentralised power generation systems.
About ARCI
To avert future emergencies :
i.It developed in-house PEMFC systems in the power range of 1 to 20 kiloWatt (kW) &  demonstrated the same in stationary (1-20 kW) & transport applications (1,3,5 kW), at its Centre for Fuel Cell Technology, Chennai.
ii.It has planned a  natural disaster management measure, Emergency Operation Centres (EOC) which  is  backed with a 10 kW system along with fuel cell stack (providing sustainable electricity using hydrogen gas without the need of grid power), air moving sub systems, power control devices & control & monitoring system.
iii.It also planned to set up a PEMFC system up to 10 kW capacity at Tamil Nadu State Emergency Operation Centre (TN SEOC)  to operate the systems like early warning systems, VHF set, IP phone, BSNL Ethernet & office equipment like scanner, computers, printers, phone, FAX & normal requirements like lighting and fan.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

Apurva Purohit, launched her 2nd  book – ‘Lady, You’re the Boss!’Lady, You're the BossOn September 28, 2019 Apurva Purohit the President of the Jagran Group, one of India’s largest multi-media conglomerates launched her 2nd book- ‘Lady, You’re the Boss!’, which aims to address the challenges faced by women climbing the corporate ladder.It is published by  Westland Publications (an Amazon company).
Key Points
i.The book is drawn from her personal experiences where she talks about how women minimise themselves, suffer from the imposter syndrome, &  settle for less than they are capable of, because of feelings of inadequacy & a desire to feel needed and liked.
ii.Her 1st book, ‘Lady, You’re Not a Man!: The Adventures Of A Woman At Work’ which turned out to be national best selling book & is published by Rupa Publications Private Limited.
iii.The author is named as one of the Most Powerful Women in Business as per Fortune India in 2018 & 2019 &   India Today Group 2016, 2018 & 2019, & also featured  in Fortune India’s Most Powerful Women in Business list 2018 & 2019

IMPORTANT DAYS

51st CISF Raising Day is observed on March 10, 202051st CISF Raising DayThe CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) Raising Day is observed every year on 10th March under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The 51st CISF Raising Day is celebrated on March 10, 2020, for better protection and security throughout the country and to create awareness among the public regarding the role and functions of CISF.

  • CISF provides security to all the government infrastructure projects all over the country.

Central Industrial Security Force(CISF):
CISF was established on 10th march 1969 under an Act of the Parliament of India with a Motto – Protection and Security. Its Headquarters is situated at New Delhi.

STATE NEWS

Karnataka CM Yediyurappa presents state budget for the FY 2020-21Karnataka Budget 2020On March 05, 2020, Karnataka Chief Minister (CM), Bookanakere Siddalingappa Yediyurappa ,who also holds the  finance ministry portfolio, has presented the state budget for the fiscal year 2020-21 at Vidhana Soudha, the Karnataka State Legislative Assembly. It is his 7th budget as the CM.
i.The State government will soon write to the Centre on financial allocation to the Centre being cut in the 15th Finance Commission…..Click here to Read More

AC GAZE

Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh named as ‘Greatest Leader of All Time’ in BBC poll
Maharaja Ranjit Singh was named the “Greatest Leader of All Time” in a poll conducted by ‘BBC World Histories Magazine’, who is the 19th century ruler of the Sikh Empire in India, has beaten competition from around the world. African Independence Fighter Amílcar Cabral spots second, which is followed by Britain’s war-time Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Mission Bhagiratha monitoring cell opened:Telangana
In order to prevent water scarcity and increase preparedness for summer, Mission Bhagiratha monitoring cell was opened by Superintending Engineer of Mission Bhagiratha (Bhongir Circle). The main aim of the mission is to ensure safe and sustainable PIPED drinking water supply from surface water sources.

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S.no AffairsCloud Today : 12 March 2020
1 Govt sets up a committee on Kisan Rail to finalize its modalities
2 Hola Mohalla’ festival celebrated at Sri Anandpur Sahib in Punjab
3 Week Long 1st “Ekam Fest” held in New Delhi; inauguarted by Thaawarchand Gehlot; 3 intiatives launched for PwDs
4 HAL set to build base in 4 countries for the purpose of selling aircraft
5 India 2nd largest arms importer in 2015-19, Saudi Arabia tops; US largest exporter of arms while India at 23rd: SIPRI Report
6 India is positioned 2nd, US tops  as most promising source of disruptive technologies : KPMG 2020
7 Mukesh Ambani loses Asia’s richest man title to Jack Ma by $5.8 bn
8 Google India unveils 18-week long skill development programme ‘DigiPivot ‘ for women
9 India 2019 thermal coal imports rise 12.6% to 197.84 million tonnes; coking coal import declined: Govt Data
10 TCIS signs MoU with The Gambia for MEA’s eVBAB Network Project
11 Indian mountaineer Bhawna Dehariya scales Australia’s highest mountain peak
12 PV Sindhu named as BBC Indian Sportswoman of the year 2019 and PT Usha won Lifetime Achievement Award
13 Four AAI airports among best aerodromes in world, 2019 Airport Service Quality awards
14 Dr Jaimanti Bakshi, PGI Professor won Best Citizens of India Gold medal Award
15 Women scientists receive international exposure through  Indo-U.S. Fellowship :  WISTEMM
16 ITBP chief SS Deswal given additional charge of BSF DG
17 PV Sindhu becomes the brand ambassador for anti-graft helpline
18 ARCI develops Fuel Cell Technology for Disaster Management
19 Apurva Purohit, launched her 2nd  book – ‘Lady, You’re the Boss!’
20 51st CISF Raising Day is observed on March 10, 2020
21 Karnataka CM Yediyurappa presents state budget for the FY 2020-21
22 Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh named as ‘Greatest Leader of All Time’ in BBC poll
23 Mission Bhagiratha monitoring cell opened:Telangana

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