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Current Affairs 9 October 2020

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We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 9 October 2020, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2020 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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Top 20 Current Affairs of 9 October 2020

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Cabinet approvals on October 7, 2020Cabinet approves october 7 2020

i.On October 7, 2020, Union Cabinet met and congratulated its chair i.e. Prime Minister Narendra Modi for completing 20 years as a democratically elected leader. He previously served as Chief Minister of Gujarat for three consecutive terms. 
ii.During the meet, the Union Cabinet provided approvals to the following proposals which were elaborated by Union Minister Prakash Kehav Javadekar during a media briefing.

  • Cabinet Approved to complete East -west Metro corridor project at cost of 8,575 cr
  • Cabinet approved ‘Natural Gas Marketing Reforms’ to make natural gas price mechanism transparent
  • Cabinet approves MoU between Zoological Survey of India and Canada’s iBOL
  • Cabinet approves Ratification of 7 Persistent Organic Pollutants listed under Stockholm 
  • Central Govt approved MoC in the field of Cyber security between India and Japan

About Japan:
Capital– Tokyo
Currency– Japanese yen
Prime Minister– Yoshihide Suga
<<Read Full News>>

Union Minister Smriti Irani Launches First-Ever Brand & Logo for Indian CottonIndia gets its first ever Brand & Logo new

Union Minister for Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani launched First-Ever Brand & Logo for Indian Cotton through virtual mode on occasion of World Cotton Day on October 7, 2020. 
i.India’s Premium Cotton is set to be known as ‘Kasturi Cotton’ in World Cotton Trade.  
ii.It will represent Whiteness, Brightness, Softness, Purity, Luster, Uniqueness and Indianness.  
About Cotton Corporation of India (CCI):
Chairman, Managing Director (MD) – Pradeep Kumar Agarwal
Headquarters –  Mumbai, Maharashtra
<<Read Full News>>

SJVN Inked MoU with Govt. of India for year 2020-21 to Achieve 9680 Million Units of electricity in FY21SJVN signs MoU with Govt

i.SJVN Limited signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Govt. of India (GoI)for the year 2020-21 as per which the former has the target to achieve 9680 Million Units of electricity generation during FY21 under “Excellent” category.
ii.The MOU was signed by Sanjiv Nandan Sahai, Secretary (Power), Government of India and Nand Lal Sharma, Chairman & Managing Director (CMD), SJVN.
iii.It should be noted that SJVN has set a target of achieving installed capacity of 5000 MW (Mega Watt) by 2023, 12000 MW by 2030 and 25000 MW by 2040.
About SJVN:
Based in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh (HP), it is a Mini Ratna, Category-I and Schedule –‘A’ CPSE under administrative control of Ministry of Power. It is a joint venture (JV) GoI and Government of Himachal Pradesh (GOHP).
About Ministry of Power:
Minister of State (Independent Charge)– Raj Kumar Singh
<<Read Full News>>

Union Minister Harsh Vardhan, Yesso Naik  Launches National Clinical Management Protocol based on Ayurveda and YogaDr Harsh Vardhan, Shripad Yesso Naik launch Ayurveda and yoga

On October 6, 2020, Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Harsh Vardhan, and Minister of State (MoS) (Independent Charge) for AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha), Shripad Yesso Naik virtually released the National Clinical Management Protocol (NCMP) based on Ayurveda and Yoga for management of COVID-19. 
The protocol will contribute to mainstreaming of AYUSH for management of COVID-19.
Key Points:
i.An Interdisciplinary Committee Chaired by Dr V M Katoch, former Director General of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and team of experts formulated the report and submitted recommendations to the National Task Force based on acceptable experimental and clinical data. 
ii.NCMP will be beneficial to the public as AYUSH solutions will be easily accessible and it will end the confusion for the deployment of Ayurveda and Yoga-based solutions for clinical management of COVID-19.
iii.The next versions of the protocol will include other disciplines of AYUSH.
iv.NCMP promotes the use of ashwagandha, guduchi, pippali, AYUSH 64 tablets, and yoga to prevent COVID, treating mild symptoms and for post-COVID care.

PM Modi Launches ‘Jan Andolan’ Campaign for COVID-19 Appropriate BehaviourPM-Modi-launches-Jan-Andolan-campaign-for-COVID-19-Appropriate-Behaviour

On October 8, 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched ‘Jan Andolan’ (People’s Participation) campaign for following COVID-19 Appropriate Behaviour.  The awareness campaign will promote COVID-19 behaviour ahead of the upcoming festive season and the reopening of the economy. 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked the citizens to “Wear Mask, Wash Hands, Follow Social Distance and Practice ‘Do Gaj Ki Doori’ (a distance of two yards)”.  
About Ministry of Information and Broadcasting:
Union Minister – Prakash Javadekar
Headquarters – New Delhi
<<Read Full News>>

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

COVID-19 to push 150 Million People into Extreme Poverty: World BankPandemic could push 150 million into extreme poverty, says World Bank

According to the Biennial report ‘Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020: Reversals of Fortune’ released by the World Bank Group around 150 Million People will be pushed into Extreme Poverty by the end of 2021 due to COVID-19. This is the first rise in Extreme Poverty Percentage in 20 years. 
The report analyzes three aspects which are driving the increase in global poverty – COVID-19, Armed Conflict and Climate Change.
Key Points:
i.The pandemic is expected to push 88 Million-115 Million people into extreme poverty in 2020
ii.According to the report, Sub-Saharan Africa with 27-40 Million new poor and South Asia with 49-57 Million will be the worst affected regions. 
iii.Middle-income countries are set to see a significant number of people slipping to extreme poverty. Around 82 % will be in middle-income countries. 
iv.In order to reduce poverty, countries will need to control the virus, provide support for households and build strong economies
Lack of Data in India:
i.The World Bank highlighted the lack of data in India as a hindrance for monitoring Global Poverty. 
ii.Government of India has not released 2017-18 All India Household Consumer Expenditure Survey Data due to which there is lack of data.
iii.As a result, the World Bank has estimated India’s poverty numbers for 2017 based on assumptions, creating uncertainty around the estimates of global poverty. 
About World Bank Group:
President – David R. Malpass
Headquarters – Washington D.C. (United States of America)

Overview of EAM Jaishankar’s visit to Tokyo, JapanEAM Jaishankar visited Japan for Quad meeting

External Affairs Minister (EAM), S. Jaishankar visited Tokyo, Japan for a two-day visit from October 6-7, 2020.
Second QUAD (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) Ministerial Meeting:
i.On October 6, 2020, EAM S. Jaishankar participated in the Second QUAD (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) held between India, Australia, Japan & United States of America (USA) in Tokyo, Japan.
EAM Jaishankar, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne and Japan’s Toshimitsu Motegi attended the QUAD meeting. 
ii.The first meeting of Foreign Ministers of Four Countries under the QUAD framework took place in New York in September, 2019. 
About Japan:
Prime Minister – Yoshihide Suga
Capital – Tokyo
Currency – Japanese Yen
<<Read Full News>>

BANKING & FINANCE

NABARD inks 3 MoUs with SBI to extend credit support for various projects NABARD inks 3 MoUs with SBI to extend credit support for various projects

On October 7, 2020, in Ahemdabad, Gujarat, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has inked three Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with State Bank of India (SBI) to  extend credit support for various NABARD projects.

  • The MoUs were inked by D. K. Mishra, Chief General Manager of NABARD in Gujarat and Dukhbandhu Rath, Chief General Manager, SBI Ahmedabad Circle in the presence of NABARD Chairman G. R. Chintala.

As a part of MoU, joint liability groups, Farmer Producers’ Organizations (FPOs) and Self-Help Groups (SHGs) will be supported through financing, and economic support also provided for watershed development projects. These will help in providing credit support to the different sections of the society including the priority sector.
About State Bank of India:
Chairman– Dinesh Kumar Khara
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Digital Assistant– Ask Sia

ECONOMY & BUSINESS

India’s GDP to Contract by 9.6% in FY 21: World BankIndia-s-GDP-expected-to-contract-by-9-6-per-cent-this-fiscal-World-Bank

i.As per World Bank’s latest South Asia Economic Focus forecasts, India’s Gross Domestic Product(GDP) is expected to contract by 9.6%(-9.6%) in FY21. This prediction reflects the national lockdown and the income shock experienced by households and firms due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 
ii.On the other hand it expects a 5.4% rebound in FY22
iii.Regional growth(South Asia) is expected to contract by 7.7% in 2020, after topping 6% annually in the past five years, and rebound to 4.5% in 2021.
About World Bank:
HeadQuarters– Washington, DC, United States
President– David Robert(R.) Malpass
<<Read Full News>>

Zurich International Signed Concession Agreement with UP Government for Jewar AirportZurich International signs concession pact with UP govt for Jewar airport

i.On 7th October 2020, The Government of Uttar Pradesh(UP) and the Zurich Airport International AG(ZAIA) signed a 40-year concession agreement which grants license to Zurich Airport for designing, building and operating the Noida International Airport(NIA) (also known as Jewar Airport) at Jewar, outskirts of Delhi. 
ii.The concession agreement was signed with the Yamuna International Airport Private Limited (YIAPL) a special purpose vehicle incorporated by Zurich Airport for this project.
iii.Arun Vir Singh, CEO, Noida International Airport Limited (NIAL) and Christoph Schnellmann, representative of Zurich Airport International signed the concession agreement.
iv.The Noida International Airport at Jewar will be constructed under the Public Private Partnership(PPP) basis.
About Zurich Airport AG (Flughafen Zürich AG ):
CEO– Stephan Widrig
Headquarters– Zurich Airport, Switzerland
About Uttar Pradesh(UP):
Zoological parks- Nawab Wajid Ali Shah Zoological Garden, Kanpur Zoological Park, Shaheed Ashfaq Ullah Khan Prani Udyan
Atomic Power Station- Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS)
<<Read Full News>>

Amazon India in Partnership with IRCTC launches Online Reserved Train Ticket BookingsAmazon partners with IRCTC

i.On October 7, 2020 In order to offer their customers the facility to book train tickets on amazon, Amazon India has partnered with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC). Amazon.in has waived the service and payment gateway transaction charges for the introductory period.
ii.Amazon Pay, with this launch has added another travel category, thus offering its customers a one-stop-shop to book flights, bus and train tickets.
About Amazon:
Headquarters– Washington, United States
Founder & CEO– Jeff Bezos
<<Read Full News>>

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATIONS       

R.K. Chhibber, CMD of J&K Bank Gets Another 6 Months Extension: RBIJammu & Kashmir Bank extends CMD’s term by six months

On October 8, 2020 Reserve Bank of India(RBI) extended the term of  Rajesh Kumar(R.K.) Chhibber as Chairman and Managing Director(CMD) of Jammu & Kashmir(J&K) Bank for another 6 months, effective from October 10, 2020 or till the appointment of Managing Director(MD) and Chief Executive Officer(CEO), whichever is earlier.

  • Prior to this, he got an extension of 3 months with effect from July 10, 2020.

Key Info
i.R.K. Chhibber(Non-Independent Executive Director) was appointed as interim CMD in June 2019, following the removal of Parvez Ahmed from the post by the state government.
ii.He has been serving as a full-time CMD under section 10BB of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, since October 10, 2019, before which he got a few extensions as the interim CMD.
iii.His term was earlier extended in April 2020.
About R.K. Chhibber

  • He joined J&K Bank as the Probationary Officer in the year 1982 and has led the bank in different capacities namely, as Vice-President in 2009 among others.
  • He also served as the Chairman of J&K Grameen Bank.
  • He was elevated as the Executive President on June 1, 2018.

About Jammu & Kashmir(J&K) Bank
HeadQuarters– Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
Chairman & Managing Director(CMD)– Rajesh Kumar(R.K.) Chhibber   

Kyrgyzstan’s Parliament Elected Sadyr Zhaparov as Acting PM After the Resignation of Former PM Kubatbek BoronovKyrgyzstan’s parliament elects new PM

i.On 6th October 2020, at the emergency session of the Parliament of Kyrgyzstan (also known as Jogorku Kenesh) appointed Sadyr Zhaparov, as the Acting Prime Minister(PM) of Kyrgyzstan. He was appointed following the resignation of the former PM Kubatbek Boronov amid post-election vote rigging protests.
ii.The parliament nominated Sadyr Zhaparov as the prime minister after he was released from the prison following the protest. 
About Kyrgyzstan:
President– Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Capital– Bishkek
Currency– Kyrgyzstani Som 
<<Read Full News>>

Government Appoints M Rajeshwar Rao as the New Deputy Governor of RBIGovt appoints M Rajeshwar Rao as the RBI Deputy Governor

On 7th October 2020, the Government of India appointed M Rajeshwar Rao as the new 4th deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) responsible for Financial regulations. He will succeed NS Vishwanathan, the former 4th Deputy Governor of RBI, who resigned in March 2020 before the completion of his term (June 2020).M Rajeshwar Rao is currently serving as the executive director of RBI.
About M Rajeshwar Rao:
i.M Rajeshwar Rao joined the RBI in 1984.
ii.He was appointed as the executive director responsible for the department of the Statistics and information management, financial markets operation department and international department in November 2016.
iii.He served as the chief general manager in the financial market operations department.
iv.He also served as the Banking Ombudsman in New Delhi and in RBI Regional Offices in Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Chennai and New Delhi.
Note:
According to the RBI Act, 1934, RBI is required to have 4 deputy governors, 2 from within the ranks, 1 commercial banker and 1 economist to head the monetary policy department.
The other 3 deputy governors of RBI are Bibhu Prasad Kanungo, Mahesh Kumar Jain and Micheal Debabrata Patra.
About Reserve Bank of India(RBI):
Governor– Shaktikanta Das
Headquarters- Mumbai, Maharashtra

Jordan’s King Abdullah II Appointed Bishr al-Khasawneh as PM; Succeeds Omar al RazzazJordan king appoints new PM Bishr al-Khasawneh

On October 7, 2020 Abdullah II ibn Al Hussein, King of Jordan appointed Bishr al-Khasawneh, policy advisor to the king, as new Prime Minister of the country and also instructed him to form a new government. His appointment comes after King Abdullah II ibn Al Hussein accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Omar al Razzaz.
Note– Jordan’s Parliamentary elections to held on November 10, 2020
About Bishr al-Khasawneh
i.He served as the advisor to the king for Communication and Coordination at The Royal Hashemite Court(April 2019- August 2020).
ii.He served as the Minister for Legal Affairs(2017- 2018).
iii.He was a Former Ambassador of Jordan to Egypt, France,Kenya, Ethiopia, African Union, League of Arab States, and also to UNESCO(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).
About Jordan(officially- Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan):
UNESCO Site– Baptism Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” (Al-Maghtas), Petra, Quseir Amra, Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa’a)

OBITUARY

Mario Molina, The Only Mexican Scientist to Win Nobel Prize in Chemistry Passed Away at 77Mario Molina, Mexico chemistry Nobel winner, dies at 77

On 7th October 2020, Mario José Molina, the only Mexican scientist to receive the Nobel Prize, passed away at the age of 77 in his native Mexico City, Mexico. He shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Frank Sherwood Rowland of the United States(US) and Paul Crutzen of the Netherlands for their 1970 research on the damage to Ozone layer. He was born on 19th March 1943 in Mexico City, Mexico.
About Mario J. Molina:
i.Mario was well known for his role in the discovery of the Antarctic Ozone hole.
ii.He discovered the effects of chlorofluorocarbon gases or CFCs on the depletion of the Ozone layer.
iii.This work contributed to the drafting of the first International treaty regarding the depletion of Ozone, the Montreal Protocol, which stopped the use of these substances.
iv.Mario Molina devised the CFC ozone depletion theory together with Rowland.
v.He established his own program to investigate the spectroscopic and chemical properties of various compounds and their role in the atmosphere.
Awards:
i.He won the American Chemical Society’s Esselen Award of the Northeast section in 1987.
ii.He won the United Nations(UN) Environmental Programme Global 500 Award in 1989.
iii.He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Former American President Barack Obama on 8th August 2013.

Ashwani Kumar, Former CBI Director & Former Governor of Manipur and Nagaland Passed Away at 69Ashwani Kumar, a former Director of the CBI and former Governor of Manipur and Nagaland, died at 69

On 7th October 2020, 69 years old Ashwani Kumar, the former Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and former governor of Manipur and Nagaland committed suicide and was found dead in his residence in Shimla. He was born on 15th November 1950 in Nahan, Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh.
He was currently serving as the vice chancellor of a Private university in Shimla.
About Ashwani Kumar:
i.Ashwani Kumar was a retired IPS officer of 1973 batch from the Himachal Pradesh Cadre.
ii.He was selected and inducted in the Special Protection Group (SPG), responsible for the security of the Prime Minister in 1985.
iii.He served as the Director General of Police (DGP) of Himachal Pradesh from 2006 to 2008.
iv.He was appointed as the Director of CBI for a period of 2 years (August 2008 to November 2010) and became the first officer from Himachal Pradesh to head CBI.
v.He served as the 17th governor of Nagaland from 2013 to 2014 during which he also served as the governor of Manipur in 2013.

IMPORTANT DAYS

Indian Air Force Day Observed on October 8 2020Indian Air Force Day 2020

i.The Indian Air Force (IAF) day is held annually on October 8 as on this date the Air Force in India was officially raised in 1932 as the supporting force of the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom (UK). 
ii.The year 2020 marked its 88th anniversary.
iii.The day was marked by the main event comprising a parade and flypast at Hindon Air Force Base in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh (UP) with COVID restrictions along with events at IAF establishments across the country.
iv.Notably, this year, the Tejas LCA, Mig-29 and 21 and Sukhoi-30 participated in show along with newly inducted Rafale jets, marking Rafale’s first public appearance since arrival in Indian.
About Indian Air Force (IAF):
Chief of Air staff (CAS)– Rakesh Kumar Singh Badhauria
Headquarter– New Delhi
<<Read Full News>>

World Sight Day 2020: October 8World Sight Day

i.World Sight Day is observed annually on the second Thursday of October, this year(2020) it falls on October 8. The day aims to create awareness globally about blindness and vision impairment. Theme of World Sight Day 2020– ‘Hope In Sight’.
ii.The Right to Sight was launched in 1999 by the World Health Organization and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness.Globally, IAPB has a leadership role in  preparing the annual World Sight Day.
About International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB):
Chief Executive Officer– Peter Holland
HeadQuarters– London, United kingdom
<<Read Full News>>

STATE NEWS

Meghalaya Govt Partners with Israel to Set up One of a Kind ‘Centre of Excellence’ on high-value vegetablesMeghalaya partnering with israel for center of excellence

i.On October 7, 2020 In order to improve and promote the livelihoods of farmers, the Meghalaya government entered into partnership with Israel to establish a  one of a kind
Centre of Excellence(CoE) on high value vegetables in the state. 
ii.CoE is important for tapping the diverse biodiversity and available resources in the state in terms of its soil and agro-climatic condition.
About Meghalaya:
Chief Minister– Conrad K Sangma
National Park– Balphakram National Park, Nokrek National Park
<<Read Full News>>

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S.no Current Affairs 9 October 2020
1 Cabinet approvals on October 7, 2020
2 Union Minister Smriti Irani Launches First-Ever Brand & Logo for Indian Cotton
3 SJVN Inked MoU with Govt. of India for year 2020-21 to Achieve 9680 Million Units of electricity in FY21
4 Union Minister Harsh Vardhan, Yesso Naik  Launches National Clinical Management Protocol based on Ayurveda and Yoga
5 PM Modi Launches ‘Jan Andolan’ Campaign for COVID-19 Appropriate Behaviour
6 COVID-19 to push 150 Million People into Extreme Poverty: World Bank
7 Overview of EAM Jaishankar’s visit to Tokyo, Japan
8 NABARD inks 3 MoUs with SBI to extend credit support for various projects
9 India’s GDP to Contract by 9.6% in FY 21: World Bank
10 Zurich International Signed Concession Agreement with UP Government for Jewar Airport
11 Amazon India in Partnership with IRCTC launches Online Reserved Train Ticket Bookings
12 R.K. Chhibber, CMD of J&K Bank Gets Another 6 Months Extension: RBI
13 Kyrgyzstan’s Parliament Elected Sadyr Zhaparov as Acting PM After the Resignation of Former PM Kubatbek Boronov
14 Government Appoints M Rajeshwar Rao as the New Deputy Governor of RBI
15 Jordan’s King Abdullah II Appointed Bishr al-Khasawneh as PM; Succeeds Omar al Razzaz
16 Mario Molina, The Only Mexican Scientist to Win Nobel Prize in Chemistry Passed Away at 77
17 Ashwani Kumar, Former CBI Director & Former Governor of Manipur and Nagaland Passed Away at 69
18 Indian Air Force Day Observed on October 8 2020
19 World Sight Day 2020: October 8
20 Meghalaya Govt Partners with Israel to Set up One of a Kind ‘Centre of Excellence’ on high-value vegetables