On November 26, 2019 Non-Government Organisation(NGO), Save the Children released a report titled “Situation Analysis of Pneumonia in India”. The report was on respiratory infections in children. As per the report, Bihar recorded the highest prevalence of acute respiratory infections(ARIs) among children under the age of 5 years when compared with the 5 high burden states between September 2018 and June 2019.Report:
- Bihar had 15.9% of prevalence of ARIs. The other states in the top 5 ranking includes, Uttar Pradesh (2nd), Jharkhand(3rd), Madhya Pradesh(4th) and Rajasthan(5th).
- The main risk factor related to this health issue was household air pollution that lead to childhood pneumonia.
- Effect of improved fuel in household cooking: Using improved fuel, Liquefied Petroleum Gas(LPG) for cooking had preventive effect on respiratory infections. It had 2% lower probability of ARIs.
- ARI due to improper breastfeeding: The prevalence of ARI was 4% higher among children who were breastfed one hour later after their birth and 2.4% higher for children breastfed for less than 6 months.
- 81% of caregivers preferred private sector for availing medical treatment for pneumonia in children.
- Save the Children NGO has also indulged in preventing pneumonia in children. The details of pneumonia prevention and pneumonia death control is launched in the report titled ‘Fighting for breath in India’ by the organisation.
Chief minister- Nitish Kumar.
Governor- Phagu Chauhan.