The United Nations(UN)’s World Refugee Day is annually observed across the globe on 20th June to support and protect the refugees across the globe and focus on the inclusion of refugees in Healthcare, education and sports.
The theme of World Refugee Day 2021 is “Together we heal, learn and shine”.
i.The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/55/76 on 4th December 2000 and proclaimed the 20th June of every year as World Refugee Day from 2001.
ii.The Day was first observed on 20th June 2001 to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.
iii.Previously the day was observed as the Africa Refugee Day.
i.The 2021 World Refugee Day campaign of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR), UN’s Refugee Agency, calls for the inclusion of Refugees in health systems, schools and sports.
ii.These are the only global legal instruments that cover the important aspects of the refugee’s life.
iii.The 1951 Convention contains a number of rights and also highlights the obligations of refugees towards their host country.
Efforts of UN:
The United Nations(UN)’s 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol helps to protect the refugees among the vulnerable people across the globe.
Forcibly Displaced People:
i.For every minute around 20 people leave everything behind including to escape war, persecution or terror.
ii.The forcibly displaced people are classified into several types like Refugees, Asylum Seekers, Internally Displaced Persons(IDP), Stateless Persons, and Returnees.
About United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR):
High Commissioner– Filippo Grandi
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
Created in 1950