On October 30 2019, the Vice President of India Shri Venkaiah Naidu, unveiled a 15-point charter during the “Arun Jaitely Memorial Lecture on Strengthening of Parliamentary Institutions in the Country” in Delhi University in New Delhi, in-order to create reforms in parliament for its effective functioning. The charter was mainly created citing poor attendance in legislatures and quality of debate in the parliament. The parties are entitled to ensure at-least 50% of attendance of their legislators.
Key highlights of charter:
Some of the features of the new charter are as follows,
- Parties should undergo pre and post-legislative impact assessments, which also includes a whip system (A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature).
- Increase in women’s representation in Legislatures.
- Establishment of special courts for criminal cases against legislators.
- Reviewing the anti-defection law etc.
- Flaws in the “first past the post” (FPTP) system where many candidates win with less than 50% voter support base are to be taken as the key concern of the parliamentary issues and will be rectified soon with alternatives.
About Parliament of India:
- It is the supreme legislative body of India and consists of 2 houses, the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and Lok Sabha (lower house).
- Founded- 26, January 1950.
- Chairman of Rajya Sabha- Venkaiah Naidu.
- Speaker of Lok Sabha- Om Birla.