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United Nations released World Cities Report 2016 – Urbanisation and Development: Emerging Futures’ report

UN reported that India is planned to add 300 million new urban residents by 2050 and it is required to build Climate Friendly cities to deal the challenge of accommodating the needs of the Population growth

  • The first ‘World Cities Report 2016 – Urbanisation and Development: Emerging Futures’

In India

  • Contribution of urban areas more than 60 per cent of the GDP and an extra 300 million new urban residents are projected by 2050
  • Urged the Government of India to build 100 new cities with low infrastructure, denser and low energy to avoid the addition of Greenhouse gases

Challenges of Municipal Concerns:

Finance and infrastructure mainly for transport, electricity, communications, water supply and sanitation in support of production

Expanding urban populations in Mega cities in South Asian CountriesWorld Cities Report 2016

  1. Bangladesh – Dhaka
  2. India – Mumbai and Delhi
  3. Pakistan – Karachi and Lahore

Steps taken by India:

  • Decided to build 100 smart cities in response to the country’s growing population and pressure on urban infrastructure
  • Information and Communication Technology towards sustainable development, participatory governance models, the right infrastructure and technical platforms

Report Stated that:

China, India and Brazil have become major sites for business investment, presenting global companies with unprecedented opportunities for research and development

  • In India, between 2000 and 2005, urban employment grew at a rate of 3.22 % and rural employment grew by 1.97 %
  • Research in India found that an increase of 200,000 in the urban population resulted in a decrease of 1.3 to 2.6 per cent in rural poverty