Union Minister Bhupender Yadav, Ministry of Labour & Employment (MoL&E) virtually released the report of second quarter (Q2FY22- July-September 2021) of Quarterly Employment Survey (QES), a part of All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES).
- In accordance with the report, the estimated total employment in the nine non-farm sectors is 10 crore approximately, which is 2 lakhs higher than the estimated employment (3.08 crore) from the first round of QES (Q1FY22- April-June, 2021), released on September 27, 2021.
- Also, the overall percentage of female workers stood at 32.1%, higher than Q1FY22 when it was 29.3%.
The QES of Q2FY22 had a reference date of 1st July, 2021. Data were collected through field visits from 11,503 establishments, out of the 12,038 establishments selected in the sample.
- The study covers establishments with 10 or more employees.
It provides quarterly updates about the employment and related variables of establishments in both organized and unorganized segments of 9 non-farm sectors. These are Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation & Restaurant, IT (Information Technology)/BPO (Business Process Outsourcing) and Financial Services.
- It should be noted that the Central Government earlier used the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for getting employment sector data. However, it only indicated the supply side information. Now, QES presents an overall picture of the employment situation, including on the demand side.
i.The total employment for these nine sectors taken collectively was reported as 2.37 crore in the sixth EC (2013-14).
ii.Of the total employment estimated, Manufacturing accounted for nearly 39%, Education with 22%, Health and IT/BPOs sectors are around 10%, Trade (5.3%) and Transport (4.6%).
iii.Nearly 90% of the establishments have been estimated to work with less than 100 workers.
iv.Regular workers constitute 87% of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors, with only 2% being casual workers.
- However, in the Construction sector, 20% of the workers were contractual and 6.4% were casual workers.
v.98.3% of the establishments were located outside households.
- Though 5.1 % of units in the Accommodation and Restaurants sector were operated from within households.
vi.23.5% of all the establishments were registered under the Companies Act including 82.8% in IT / BPO, 51.2% in Construction, 42.8% in Manufacturing, 36.4% in Transport, 32.1% in Trade and 23.8% in Financial services.
- One-fourth of the establishments were operating as registered societies, 53.9% were registered under the Goods and Service Tax (GST) Act, 2017 and 27.8% under Shops & commercial Establishments Act, 1958.
vii.16.8% of the establishments provided formal skill development programmes, although mostly for their own employees.
viii.Approx 5.6% of the establishments were having vacancies. The estimated number of total vacancies was 4.3 lakhs.
- 8% vacancies were for unspecified reasons, 23% were due to resignation and 11.7% due to retirement of employees.
ix.28.4% of those working in seven of the nine sectors (excluding Education and Health) were matriculates/secondary or less educated, while another 37.0% were graduates or had higher qualifications.
- This higher qualification percentage is higher in IT/BPO sector (91.6%) and 59.8% in Financial Services.
Recently Tasked 5 All India Surveys of Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoL&E)
i.All India Survey of Migrant Workers
ii.All India Survey of Domestic Workers
iii.All India Survey of Employment Generated by Professionals
iv.All India Survey of Employment Generated in the Transport Sector
Recent Related News:
i.Union Minister Bhupender Yadav has launched e-Shram Portal for registration of Unorganised workers across the country. The portal is the 1st of its Kind initiative for the Unorganised workers in India.
ii.On 14th September 2021, Giriraj Singh, Union Minister for Panchayati Raj and Rural Development launched a dashboard (https://svamitva.nic.in/) during a national level meet – “SVAMITVA Scheme: A Stepping-Stone Towards Upliftment of Rural Economy” in New Delhi.
About Ministry of Labour & Employment (MoL&E):
Union Minister– Bhupender Yadav (Rajya Sabha Rajasthan)
Minister of State– Rameswar Teli (Constituency- Dibrugarh, Assam)