Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at Stockholm Sweden honoured the Japanese-American Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann of Germany, and Giorgio Parisi of Italy for 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics.
- The three scientists were awarded for ground breaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems.
About Syukuro Manabe
i.Syukuro Manabe ,90, a Japanese-American meteorologist and climatologist who was born in 1931 at Shingu, Ehime Prefecture, Japan.
ii.He currently serves as senior meteorologist at the Princeton University, NJ, USA
iii.Syukuro Manabe has been recognized for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming and specially for demonstrating how increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere lead to increased temperatures at the surface of the Earth.
About Klaus Hasselmann
i.Klaus Hasselmann, 89, a German oceanographer and climate modeller was born in 1931 at Hamburg, Germany.
ii.He currently working as a Professor at Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany.
iii.He has also been recognized for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming.
About Giorgio Parisi
i.Giorgio Parisi ,73, an Italian theoretical physicist was born in 1948 at Rome, Italy.
ii.He is now a professor of Quantum Theories at the Sapienza University of Rome,Italy.
ii.Giorgio Parisi has been recognized for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.
Gist about 2020 Noble Prize Winners:-
Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez have been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for their pioneering work on black holes and the Milky Way’s darkest secret.