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Skyroot Aerospace becomes 1st Indian Company to Successfully Test Fire Solid-Fueled Rocket Engine, ‘Kalam-5’

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Skyroot Aerospace successfully test fires a solid propulsionSkyroot Aerospace, an Indian Space Startup successfully test fired a solid propulsion rocket engine named ‘Kalam-5’ from an Private Test Facility at Nagpur, Maharashtra. It is the 1st Private company of India to successfully design, develop & test a full solid-fueled rocket stage.

i.It will now be used for propulsion of their maiden rocket ‘Vikram-1’ which is expected to be launched in December, 2021 with the help of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

ii.Kalam-5’ is the 1st of 5 Kalam series of solid rocket motors, the other four rocket motors are expected to be tested in 2021.

Kalam-5:

i.They have a thrust ranging from 5 kN (kilonewton) – 1000 kN (approximately 100 Tons).

ii.They have been using advanced Carbon Composite Structure which are five-times lighter than steel & will help in improving the efficiency of the rocket.

iii.Kalam-5 can give peak Sea Level thrust of 5.3  kN (kilonewton) & designed to take 66 atmospheres & 30, 000 C of combustion pressure & Temperature.

iv.It  has zero moving parts which means they are highly reliable.

v.Kalam-5 is the smaller version of Vikram-1 Launch Vehicle’s 3rd stage – ‘Kalam-100’.

Vikram-I:

i.Vikram-I is a rocket being developed by Skyroot Aerospace. It will be powered by 4 engines – 3 solid-fuel stages & 1 liquid-fueled stage.

ii.Skyroot has successfully tested all propulsion technologies in Vikram-1 vehicles.

iii.The Test firing of Vikram-1 launch vehicle’s 3rd stage ‘Kalam-100’ is scheduled in 2021 with ISRO’s assistance.

iv.The rocket will be used for launching small satellites by ISRO & other space research organisations.

Skyroot Aerospace:

i.It is a startup founded by Former scientists of ISRO, it has raised USD 4.3 million and has set a target to raise USD 15 Million in 2021.

ii.It has investments from Mukesh Bansal (Founder of Myntra), Solar Industries (India’s largest explosives manufacturer & renowned Space & Defence Contractor), Vedanshu Investments & Angel investors.

Private players in India’s space sector:

i.In June, 2020, the Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the participation of Private players in the entire range of space activities.

ii.Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) set up by the Government of India will act as the facilitator & regulator.

iii.Private players are also allowed to use ISRO’s infrastructure, scientific and technical resources, and even data for their space programmes.

iv.ISRO encourages private industry to manufacture small satellite launch vehicles & Polar Satellite Launch Vehicles, while it will focus on building next generation rockets, satellites & deep space missions.

Recent Related News:

i.On September 30, 2020, Indian Aerospace Startup AgniKul Cosmos signed a MoUwith Alaska Aerospace Corporation to test launch Indian made Agnibaan Rocket from Pacific Spaceport Complex Alaska (PSCA) on Kodiak Island in the United States.

ii.On November 17, 2020, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) delivered First Hardware – a Booster Segment – ‘S-200’ for Gaganyaan Launch Vehicle to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) in a virtual flag-off ceremony.

About Skyroot Aerospace:

Co-Founder, CEO & CTO– Pawan Kumar Chandana
Co-Founder & COO– Naga Bharath Daka
Headquarters– Hyderabad, Telangana