Reasoning Questions: Syllogism Set 16

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Directions (1 – 10):
(A) only 1st follows
(B) only 2nd follows
(C) either 1st or 2nd
(D) neither 1st nor 2nd
(E) both 1st and 2nd

  1. Statements: Some views are reviews. All views are fonts. No review is style. All clips are styles.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some reviews are clips is a possibility.
    II. All views are clips is a possibility.
    Answer & Explanation
    (D) neither 1st nor 2nd
    Explanation:

    If some reviews are clips, then some reviews will be styles too which is not possible.
    If all views are clips, then also some reviews will be styles too which is not possible.
  2. Statements: All views are reviews. All fonts are views. Some styles are reviews. All clips are reviews.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some reviews are not fonts
    II. Some clips being views is a possibility
    Answer & Explanation
    (B) only 2nd follows
    Explanation:

    All reviews are fonts is a possibility, so I does not follow.
    II is a possibility.
  3. Statements: Some tigers are rats. All rats are lions. All lions are goats. No dog is lion.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some dogs are rats is a possibility.
    II. All dogs being goats is a possibility
    Answer & Explanation
    (B) only 2nd follows
    Explanation:

    If some dogs are rats, then some lions will be dogs which is not possible.
    II is a possibility.
  4. Statements: No square is rectangle. All rectangles are circles. Some cones are squares. Some circles are cones.
    Conclusions:
    I. No square is circle.
    II. All cones being rectangles is a possibility
    Answer & Explanation
    (D) neither 1st nor 2nd
    Explanation:

    I is not definite, some squares are circles is a possibility.
    If all cones are rectangles, then some rectangles will be squares which is not possible.
  5. Statements: All trees are stems. No stem is root. Some roots are roofs. Some plants are stems.
    Conclusions:
    I. All plants being roots is a possibility
    II. All plants being roof is a possibility
    Answer & Explanation
    (B) only 2nd follows
    Explanation:

    If all plants are roots, then some stems will be roots which is not possible.
    II is a possibility.
  6. Statements: No font is a mail. All mails are style. Some fonts are heads.
    Conclusions:
    I. All fonts are styles is a possibility.
    II. No style is a font.
    Answer & Explanation
    (A) only 1st follows
    Explanation:

    II is not definite.
  7. Statements: All posts are mails. Some mails are letters. All letters are offices.
    Conclusions:
    I. No post is a letter
    II. Some offices are mails
    Answer & Explanation
    (B) only 2nd follows
    Explanation:

    I is not definite
  8. Statements: Some metals are plastics. All plastics are cloths. No cloth is a thread.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some threads are not plastics.
    II. Some cloths are metals
    Answer & Explanation
    (E) both 1st and 2nd
    Explanation:

    All threads are plastics is not a possibility so I follows.
  9. Statements: Some cats are lions. No cat is a rabbit. All rabbits are rats.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some lions are rats
    II. Some cats are not rats
    Answer & Explanation
    (D) neither 1st nor 2nd
    Explanation:

    I is not definite.
    All cats are rats is a possibility, so II does not follow.
  10. Statements: All lions are tigers. All tigers are dog. All dog are cats.
    Conclusions:
    I. All lions are cats
    II. No cat is dog
    Answer & Explanation
    (A) only 1st follows
    Explanation:

    I follows from all the three statement.
    II is incorrect
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