Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online Reasoning Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating Best question samples from **Machine Input-output**, which is common for all the IBPS, SBI , LIC, and other competitive exams. We have included questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams !!!

**(Direction 1 – 5): Study the given information carefully and answer the following questions.**

**A word arrangement machine when given an input of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps rearrangement.**

**INPUT: **Mobile Bag Plate Charger Mouse Box

STEP 1: Bag Mobile Plate Charger Mouse Box

STEP 2: Bag Box Mobile Plate Charger Mouse

STEP 3: Bag Box Charger Mobile Plate Mouse

STEP 4: Bag Box Charger Mobile Mouse Plate

This is the final arrangement and step 4 is the last step.

As per the rules followed in the given steps, answer the questions given below for the following input.

**Input: Rent Dear House Bear Colony**

**What would be the last step of the following input?**

1) Bear Colony Dear House Rent

2) Dear Bear House Colony Rent

3) Rent Dear House Bear Colony

4) Bear Colony House Rent Dear

5) Bear Colony Dear Rent House

Answer –**1) Bear Colony Dear House Rent**

**Solution:**

Logic:

1) The rearrangement is taking place from left to right.

2) The rearrangement is taking place one word at a time.

In the following arrangement, words in each step are arranged in an increasing alphabetical order.

Input: Rent Dear House Bear Colony

Step 1: Bear Rent Dear House Colony

Step 2: Bear Colony Rent Dear House

Step 3: Bear Colony Dear Rent House

Step 4: Bear Colony Dear House Rent

Hence step 4 is the last step.

Hence, Bear Colony Dear House Rent is the last step of following input.

**How many steps are there?**

1) 3

2) 4

3) 5

4) 6

5) Either 3 or 5

Answer –**2) 4**

Hence, there are 4 steps.

**Which comes exactly between “Colony” and “House” in the final step?**

1) Dear

2) Bear

3) Rent

4) Either Bear or Rent

5) None of these

Answer –**1) Dear**

Hence, “Dear” comes exactly between “Colony” and “House” in the final step.

**Which element is 3rd from the left in the final step?**

1) Bear

2) Dear

3) Rent

4) House

5) Colony

Answer –**2) Dear**

Hence, 3rd element from the left in the final step is “Dear”.

**What would be the penultimate step of the given input?**

1) Bear Colony Rent Dear House

2) Bear Rent Dear House Colony

3) Bear Colony Dear Rent House

4) Bear Colony Dear House Rent

5) None of the above

Answer –**3) Bear Colony Dear Rent House**

Hence, “Bear Colony Dear Rent House” is the penultimate step of the given input.

**(Directions 6 – 10): Study the following information to answer the given questions.**

Given below an input-output arrangement, steps responsive mathematical operations on a set of numbers according to which you need to answer the following questions. The same operation is used in all the steps.

**If the numbers 3 and 6 are reversed in step 1, what is the difference between the old output and new output (you have to adding those 4 numbers of last step)?**

1) Zero

2) 1

3) 2

4) 3

5) None of these

Answer –**2) 1**

**Solution:**

The result is = 6 + 3 = 9.

If the numbers 3 and 6 are reversed in step 1 then, Step 1 will be-

If the numbers 3 and 6 are reversed in step 1 then, the result is = 6 + 4 = 10.

Hence, the difference is 10 – 9 = 1.**If all the numbers in step 2 are added with each other and subtract by the answer obtained by added the numbers of step 3, what’s the result?’**

1) Zero

2) 1

3) 2

4) 3

5) None of these

Answer –**5) None of these**

**Solution:**

The addition of numbers of step 2: 4 + 3 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 4 + 4 + 1 = 16

The addition of numbers of step 3: 0 + 0 + 6 + 3 = 9

Hence, the result is = 16 – 9 = 7.

**How many elements in step 2 are multiples of 2?**

1) Zero

2) 1

3) 2

4) 3

5) None of these

Answer –**3) 2**

Hence, only two elements are there.

**What is the resultant if all the numbers of step 3 multiply with each other?**

1) 18

2) 6

3) 3

4) 0

5) 12

Answer –**4) 0**

Hence, if all the numbers of step 3 multiply with each other resultant will be 0.

**What is the sum of all the numbers of step 1?**

1) 42

2) 40

3) 39

4) 35

5) None of these

Answer –**1) 42**

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