Reasoning Questions – Coding And Decoding(New Pattern) Set 27

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Welcome to Online Reasoning Section in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are creating question sample in Coding and Decoding, which is common for all competitive exams. We have included Some questions that are repeatedly asked in bank exams!!!

(Directions 1 – 5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.

In a certain code language, codes are decided on the basis of following rules and conditions.

Rules:
1. All the consonants that appear before ‘N’ in alphabet series are to be coded as 0-9.(C =1, D= 2 and so on)
2. All the consonants that appear after ‘N’ in alphabet series are to be coded as 0-9.(Q=1, R=2 and so on)
3. ‘N’ is to be coded as 1.

Conditions:
I. If a word starts with a consonant but ends with a vowel then all the vowels of that word are to be coded as ‘#’ and codes for last and first letters will be interchanged.
II. If a word has more than two vowels then the first vowel is to be coded as &, second vowel as *, third vowel as @ and then repeat the codes in the same sequence from fourth vowel onwards.
III. If in a word a consonant that appears after M is either preceded or followed or both by a vowel then all the vowels of that word are to be coded as ‘%’ and 1 is added to the original code of all consonants. (If after adding 1, the original code comes in double digit then add the digits until single digit is obtained.)
IV. If none of the above conditions is applicable in a word then vowels of such word are coded as ‘-‘.
V. If more than one condition is applicable in a single word then apply all the conditions as per the given order.

  1. Code “#6%2%31%” is for which of the following words?
    1) Chronical
    2) Dramatic
    3) Charisma
    4) Parenting
    5) Desperate
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –3) Charisma
    Solution:
    Coding and Decoding Q)1-5)
    Conditions I, II and III are applicable on the word ‘Charisma’.
    After Condition I: #5#1#291
    After Condition II : #5&1*[email protected]
    After Condition III: #6%2%31%
    Final Code : #6%2%31%
  2. What is the code for “Parenting”?
    1) 0&2*[email protected]
    2) 1%3%2%25
    3) 1&3*[email protected]
    4) 0%2%14%14
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer – 2) 1%3%2%25
    Solution:
    Coding and Decoding Q)1-5)
    Conditions II and III are applicable on the word ‘Parenting’.
    After Condition II: 0&2*[email protected]
    After Condition III: 1%3%25%25
    Final Code: 1%3%25%25
  3. What is the code for ‘SOLUTION’?
    1) 3&8*[email protected]&1
    2) 4%9%5%%2
    3) 3#8&[email protected]&1
    4) 3%8%4%%1
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –2) 4%9%5%%2
    Solution:
    Coding and Decoding Q)1-5)
    Conditions II and III are applicable on the word ‘Solution’.
    After Condition II: 3&8*[email protected]&1
    After Condition III: 4%9%5%%2
    Final Code: 4%9%5%%2
  4. Code “1%2%7%334” is for which of the following words?
    1) Benchmark
    2) Becowards
    3) Broadband
    4) Butterfly
    5) Blueprint
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –2) Becowards
    Solution:
    Coding and Decoding Q)1-5)
    Let us check each of the options one by one starting with option 1.
    Only Condition III applicable on the word ‘Benchmark’.
    After Condition III: 1%2261%38
    Final Code: 1%2261%38Clearly, option 1 is not the right answer.Now, let’s check option 2.
    Conditions II and III are applicable on the word ‘Becowards’.
    After Condition II: 0&1*[email protected]
    After Condition III: 1%2%7%334
    Final Code: 1%2%7%334
    Hence option 2 is correct.
  5. What is the code for “Highjacks”?
    1) 5%456%173
    2) 5-456-173
    3) 5&456*173
    4) 5-456-173
    5) 5-567-173
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –1) 5%456%173
    Solution:
    Coding and Decoding Q)1-5)
    None of the above conditions is applicable on the word ‘Highjacks’.
    After Condition IV: 5-456-173
    Final Code: 5-456-173

(Directions 6 – 10): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it:

The consonants are arranged from 1 to 9 like B = 1, C = 2 and so on. Except M, N and P are not marked in such sequence so that Q = 1, R = 2 and so on. M, N and P are marked as 1, 3 and 4 respectively.
• If in a word, after a vowel a consonant exists mark both of them as ‘#’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’. (For example: RAHUL – 2##^9)
• If in a word, after a vowel a vowel exists mark both of them as ‘$’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’. (For example: TRAIN – 42$$3)
• If in a word, first letter is a vowel and last letter is also a vowel, mark both of them as ‘*’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’. (For example: USAGE – *3^5*)
• If a word starts with M, N or P and after that any vowel comes in the word, mark the vowel as with the number assigned to M, N or P. (For example: MANGO – 11351)
• If in a word, no such condition is satisfied mark the consonants with their assigned number and mark the vowel with ‘^’.

  1. Find the code for ‘UMBRELLA’?
    1) *912$$9*
    2) *112$$9*
    3) *122^99*
    4) *112^99*
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –4) *112^99*
    Solution:
    ‘UMBRELLA’ follows if in a word, first letter is a vowel and last letter is also a vowel, mark both of them as ‘*’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, the code for ‘UMBRELLA’ is ‘*112^99*’.
  2. Find the code for ‘Beauty of Life’?
    1) 1$$^48 ## 9##^
    2) 1$$^48 ^4 9^4^
    3) 1$$^48 ^4 9##^
    4) 1$$^48 ## 9^4^
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –1) 1$$^48 ## 9##^
    Solution:
    ‘BEAUTY’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a vowel exists mark both of them as ‘$’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, code for ‘BEAUTY’ is ‘1$$^48’
    ‘OF’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a consonant exists mark both of them as ‘#’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, the code for ‘OF’ is ‘##’
    ‘LIFE’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a consonant exists mark both of them as ‘#’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, the code for ‘LIFE’ is ‘9##^’
    Hence, the code for ‘BEAUTY OF LIFE’ is ‘1$$^48 ## 9##^’
  3. Find the sum of numbers used in the code of ‘AMPLE FRUIT’?
    1) 20
    2) 25
    3) 24
    4) 18
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –3) 24
    Solution:
    ‘AMPLE’ follows if in a word, first letter is a vowel and last letter is also a vowel, mark both of them as ‘*’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, code for ‘AMPLE’ is ‘*149*’
    ‘FRUIT’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a vowel exists mark both of them as ‘$’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, code for ‘FRUIT’ is ‘42$$4’
    Hence, the code for ‘AMPLE FRUIT’ is ‘*149* 42$$4’
    Sum of the numbers 1 + 4 + 9 + 4 + 2 + 4 = 24
  4. What is the code for ‘SOLUTION’?
    1) 3###4^^3
    2) 3##^4^^3
    3) 3##^4**3
    4) 3##^4^#3
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –2) 3##^4^^3
    Solution:
    ‘SOLUTION’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a consonant exists mark both of them as ‘#’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, code for ‘SOLUTION’ is ‘3##^4^^3’
  5. What is the code for ‘SEARCH FROM PAGE’?
    1) 3$$226 42## 4##^
    2) 3$$226 42^1 4##^
    3) 3$$226 42^1 4454
    4) 3$$226 42## 4454
    5) None of these
    Answer & Explanation
    Answer –4) 3$$226 42## 4454
    Solution:
    ‘SEARCH’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a vowel exists mark both of them as ‘$’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, code for ‘SEARCH’ is 3$$226
    ‘FROM’ follows if in a word, after a vowel a consonant exists mark both of them as ‘#’ and after that any other vowel comes mark it as ‘^’.
    Hence, code for ‘FROM’ is ‘42##’
    ‘PAGE’ follows if a word starts with M, N or P and after that any vowel comes in the word, mark the vowel as with the number assigned to M, N or P.
    Hence, code for ‘PAGE’ is ‘4454
    Hence, code for ‘SEARCH FROM PAGE’ is ‘3$$226 42## 4454’