On January 10, 2020, In view of the promotion of digital payments, India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has permitted processing of e-mandate for recurring payments through UPI (Unified Payments Interface).
This direction has been issued under Section 10 (2) read with Section 18 of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (Act 51 of 2007).Key Points:
i.This functionality will allow UPI users to bypass additional factor authentication (AFA), a security measure put in place for card payments that requires OTP – one-time password verification) during registration and 1st transaction.
ii.Under this facility, an agreement is formed between the consumer and the merchant bodies and the payment of the outstanding dues is done automatically on the fixed date of the month. However, the maximum permissible limit under this payment system shall be Rs 2,000 per transaction.
iii.Till now this facility was available for payment through debit card, credit card, prepaid payment instrument (PPI) and wallet.
E-mandate: It is called the consent to the process of payment by means of message or e-mail, etc., without the presence of consumers before the merchant while making payment.
It is to be noted that the facility of automatic recurring payment is usually used to pay other utility bills including mobile, internet, or making lump sum payments on monthly basis in shops.
RBI’s framework for imposing penalties on payment system operators
In a bid to ensure safety and security to various stakeholders, including customers, RBI has released the revised framework for imposing monetary penalty on authorised payment system operators / banks under the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 for not complying with regulatory requirements.
i.Powers of RBI to impose fine: Under the revised framework,RBI has provision to levy monetary penalty levied for a contravention shall not exceed Rs 5 lakh or double the amount of contravention or default, whichever is higher, where such amount is quantifiable.
For non-quantifiable contravention, the maximum penalty imposed by RBI shall be Rs 5 lakh per contravention.
In addition, RBI will impose further penalty up to ₹ 25,000/- for every day, if such contravention / default is a continuously performed.
ii.Payment of penalty: The penalty should be paid within a period of 30 days from the date of the order issued by RBI.
In case of failure in payment, RBI will take further action against the contravener as per Section 8 or Section 30 (3) or Section 33 of PSS Act.
Note: The above said contravention/ Defaults defines the following activities
i.When the payment system functions without authorisation by RBI.
ii.When it is failed to comply with the norms subject to which authorisation was issued by RBI & failed to pay the penalty imposed by RBI.
iii.When it intentionally submit a false statement of information or omission to submit a material statement in any application for authorisation or return or other document.
iv.Not complying with the norms to produce any statement, information, returns or documents or failed to disclose any prohibited information.
v.When it failed comply with any provisions of the Act or of any regulation, order or direction made or given thereunder, in respect of which no penalty has been specified.
iii.Authority to impose penalty: A Committee of Senior Officers from Department of Payment and Settlement Systems (DPSS) & senior officers from 2 other Departments of RBI will imposed a penalty on payment system operator when it is a quantifiable contraventions.
Whereas it is a non-quantifiable contraventions, a Committee, comprising of ED in-Charge of DPSS and Chief General Managers from 2 other Departments of RBI will impose penalty. For contraventions, partly quantifiable and partly non-quantifiable, the Committee of CGMs was formed.
iv.Compounding of contraventions:If the cases of contraventions (quantifiable or non-quantifiable) liable to be compounded, the same amount of Rs.5 lakh should be paid & whereas in case of repeated contraventions (within a period of 5 years) in respect of which compounding has been undertaken ,the compounding amount may be increased by 50 % of the calculated amount.
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Formation– 1 April 1935
Governor– Shaktikanta Das (25th )
Deputy Governors– 4 (BP Kanungo, N S Vishwanathan, Mahesh Kumar Jain, 1 is yet to be appointed)