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Overview of Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit Jaati Abhuyday Yojana

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Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit Jati Abhyudaya YojanaPradhan Mantri Anusuchit Jaati Abhuyday Yojana (PM- AJAY) is a merged scheme of Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented since 2021-2022 with an aim to reduce poverty of the Scheduled Caste (SC) community.

The 3 scheme were,

  • Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
  • Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan ( SCA to SCSP)
  • Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana(BJRCY).

The scheme is implemented through the Department of Social Justice and Empowerment under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment(MoSJ&E).


Since the objectives and interventions of PMAGY; SCA to SCSP; and BJRCY were similar and these schemes were implemented by a common implementing agency for the most part, these schemes were merged into a one scheme named “Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit Jaati Abhuyday Yojana (PM- AJAY) (from 2021-2022) for better convergence of public money and optimal utilisation of resources.


  • To reduce poverty of the SC communities by generation of additional employment through skill development, income generating schemes and other initiatives.
  • To improve socio-economic developmental indicators by ensuring adequate infrastructure and requisite services in the SC dominated villages.
  • To increase literacy and encourage enrolment of SCs in schools and higher educational institutions and offer residential schools in the aspirational districts/ SC dominated blocks.

Three components of PM- AJAY:

i.Development of SC dominated villages into an Adarsh Gram”.

ii.‘Grants-in-aid’ for District/State-level Projects for socio-economic betterment of SCs. This includes

  • creation of infrastructure in SC dominated villages
  • construction of Hostels/Residential schools
  • Comprehensive Livelihood Projects such as Skill development, related infrastructure development, financial assistance, etc,.

iii.The construction of hostels in higher educational institutions and schools that are funded by the Centre/State/UT Governments.

About Adarsh Gram Component (erstwhile scheme of PMAGY)


To ensure integrated development of SC majority villages so that there is Adequate infrastructure,  All requisite infrastructure necessary for socio-economic development needs are to be provided under the Scheme. Improvement in Socio-Economic Indicators.

The identified socio-economic indicators (Monitorable indicators) should be improved to eliminate disparity between SC and non-SC population.

About Grants-in-aid for District/State-level Projects for Socio-Economic betterment of SCs (erstwhile scheme SCA to SCSP)

Comprehensive Livelihood Projects: These projects aims to create an entire system for generating sustainable income or social advancement for SCs. They should preferably combine two or more of the following components:

  • Skill Development: skilling courses that meet the standards of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) including skill development institutions.
  • Grants for creating or acquiring assets for beneficiaries/households: Financial assistance towards loans taken by beneficiaries to create or acquire assets needed for livelihood generation, up to a maximum of Rs. 50,000 or 50% of the asset cost, whichever is less.
  • Infrastructure Development: Development of infrastructure related to the project, as well as hostels and residential schools.

Other Infrastructure: Various other infrastructure development projects in SC majority villages.

Special Provisions:

i.Upto 15% of the total Grants exclusively on viable income generating economic development schemes/programme for SC Women.

ii.Upto 30% of the total Grants utilized for infrastructure development

iii.Atleast 10% of the total funds for skill development

iv.Promote SC Women Cooperatives engaged in production and marketing of consumer goods and services.

Achievements during FY 2022-2023:

i.Under the Adarsh Gram component, a total of 1260 villages have been declared as Adarsh Gram during the current FY 2023-24.

ii.A total of 9 new hostels have been sanctioned under the Hostel component of the scheme.

iii.Perspective plan for 7 States have been approved under Grant-in-aid component during the current financial year.