On 8th September 2021, the National Socialist Council of Nagaland – Khaplang (NSCN-K), a militant group led by Niki Sumi, signed the new ceasefire agreement with the Indian government in New Delhi. NSCN-K accepted to adhere to all the existing ceasefire agreement for a period of 1-year till 8th September 2022.
- The ceasefire agreement is a great step in Naga peace process, thereby making Insurgency-free Nagaland.
- The government has signed ceasefire agreements with NSCN (NK), NSCN (R) and NSCN (K)-Khango.
Signatories – Piyush Goyal, Additional Secretary (NE) to Home Ministry and Nikato Pilot Sumi & Abel Zingru Thuer representing NSCN (K).
i.Previously, NSCN (K) had signed a ceasefire agreement with the Indian government, which was later unilaterally abrogated by the terror group in 2015, when it killed 18 Indian Army soldiers in Manipur.
ii.The National Investigation Agency had announced a reward of ₹10 lakhs on Niki Sumi, the head of NSCN (K).
iii.The NSCN (K) operates to establish a sovereign state with all Naga inhabited areas in India & Myanmar under one administrative setup.
Note – Days before, in September 2021, the Central Government signed a tripartite Karbi Anglong Agreement/Memorandum of Settlement with Assam’s ‘Karbi’ ethinic group to fulfill all their needs.
Background of Extremist Groups & Political issues in Nagaland:
Demand – Establishing ‘Greater Nagalim’ – a sovereign state that houses all Nagas, and official recognition of Naga National Flag & Naga Yezabo (Constitution).
- The proposed Greater Nagalim includes parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Assam and Myanmar.
‘Nagas’ are made of over 19 major tribes, which includes – Aos, Angamis, Changs, Konyaks, Kukis, Lothas, Mikirs, Phoms, Sangtams.
Famous Peace accords in Nagaland:
- Shillong Accord (1975) – Naga National Council (NNC) agreed to give up arms.
- Ceasefire Agreement (1997) – NSCN-IM signed ceasefire agreement with Indian Government
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Nagaland attained statehood in December 1963
Mount Saramati is the highest peak in Nagaland
In the Parliament, Nagaland is represented with 1 Lok Sabha and 1 Rajya Sabha seats