As the nodal agency for Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC), NITI Aayog constituted a Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC) which will be chaired by Ms Sanyukta Samaddar, Adviser (Sustainable Development Goals).
Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC):
i.It has members from Ministry of Power, Women & Child Development, Telecommunication, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, Rural Development, Petroleum & Natural Gas, Food & Public Distribution, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Education, Housing & Urban Affairs, Health & Family Welfare, and Financial Services.
ii.These Ministries have been mapped to the ten parameters of the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). Experts from Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are onboard for technical expertise.
iii.The inaugural meeting of the MPICC was held on 2 September 2020. The preparations of a MPI Parameter Dashboard to rank States and UTs, and a State Reform Action Plan (SRAP) are at an advanced stage of development.
iv.Global MPI is part of Government of India’s decision to monitor the performance of the country in 29 select Global Indices. The objective of the “Global Indices to Drive Reforms and Growth (GIRG)” exercise is to fulfil the need to measure and monitor India’s performance on various important social and economic parameters and enable the utilisation of these Indices as tools for self-improvement, bring about reforms in policies, while improving last-mile implementation of government schemes.
India Ranks 62nd in Global MPI:
i.According to Global MPI, India is 62nd among 107 countries with an MPI score of 0.123 and 27.91% headcount ratio based on National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 4 (2015/16) data.
ii.India’s neighbours like Sri Lanka (25th), Bhutan (68th), Nepal (65th), Bangladesh (58th), China (30th), Myanmar (69th) and Pakistan (73rd) are ranked in this index.
iii.The latest NFHS 5 (2019/2020) has been passed due to Pandemic. India is set to see remarkable national improvement in the survey brought about by focused schemes and interventions especially in sanitation, cooking fuel, housing, drinking water and electricity.
Global MPI 2020:
i.The report is computed by giving scores to each surveyed household based on 10 parameters. They are Nutrition, Child Mortality, Years of Schooling, School Attendance, Cooking Fuel, Sanitation, Drinking Water, Electricity, Housing and Household Assets.
ii.It utilises the NFHS, which is conducted under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS).
Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI):
i.It is an international measure of multidimensional poverty covering 107 developing countries.
ii.It was first developed in 2010 by OPHI and UNDP for UNDP’s Human Development Reports.
iii.The Global MPI reports are released at the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development of the United Nations in July, every year.
Recent Related News:
i.India became a founding member of the United Nation(UN)’s ‘Alliance for Poverty eradication’ launched by Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, President of the 74th United Nation’s General Assembly(UNGA).
ii.NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), has launched AIM iCREST – an Incubator Capabilities enhancement program for a Robust Ecosystem focused on creating high performing Startups in collaboration with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Wadhwani Foundation.
About NITI Aayog:
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) – Amitabh Kant
Headquarters – New Delhi