On May 16, 2020 National Disaster Management Authority(NDMA) developed an online dashboard National Migrant Information System(NMIS) on the existing NDMA-Geographical Information System(GIS) portal to capture the information regarding movement of migrants and facilitate the smooth movement of stranded persons across states.
Major Highlights of NMIS
The NMIS Dashboard is a geo-spatial platform as a decision-support system for current pandemic situations. In the portal, various dashboards have been created i.e. public dashboard, logistic management, risk index, quarantine alert etc which are being used by states for containment of spread of coronavirus.
i.The online portal will maintain a central repository of the migrants travelling from one state to another & help the sending as well as receiving State/district to ask for and give their acceptance in an online format seamlessly.
ii.It has additional advantages like contact tracing, which may be useful in overall COVID-19 response work
iii.The system will allow states to upload a batch file of individual data on the portal. As many states have already collected migrant data, this can be integrated through Application Programming Interface(API).
iv.The key data pertaining to the persons migrating has been standardised for uploading such as name, age, mobile no, originating and destination district, date of travel etc, which states are already collecting.
v.states can visualize how many migrants have left their state and reached destinations through GIS. The mobile numbers of people can be used for contact tracing and movement monitoring during COVID-19.
vi.A unique ID is generated for each migrant, which can be used for all transactions including contact tracing. Through this portal Central Ministries can also monitor the movement of migrants.
vii.The IDs of people moving by a particular train will be given to Railways by the origin State, when giving the requisition of trains. By this way, the data will be visible to destination states too and can be used for further monitoring.
viii.The system may not require any substantive additional work on part of the field officials & will not take away the governance power from the State Government, within the overall guidelines of Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA).
The Government of India has allowed the movement of migrant workers by buses and ‘Shramik’ special trains to enable them to travel to their native places.
For further reference:
Headquarters– New Delhi, India
Chairman– Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Union Minister– Amit Shah(Constituency- Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat)
Minister of State– Nityanand Rai(Constituency- Ujiarpur, Bihar), Kishan Reddy(Constituency- Secunderabad, Telangana).