On 1st September 2020, The National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs released an annual report titled “Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India(ADSI) 2019”. This is NCRB’s 53rd edition of the series which was started in 1967.
This is the only most comprehensive data bank related to the accidental and suicidal death available with the government of India.
About the Report:
i.The report is prepared with the data and information on deaths due to accidents and suicides which were collected by the State Crime Records Bureaux (SCRBx) from the District Crime Records Bureaux (DCRBx) and sent to the NCRB.
ii.The data of the cities with a population of 10 lakh or more are collected separately.
i.The report contains the age group wise and sex wise details of the victims.
ii.The report classified the accidental deaths as two groups based on causes,
- Causes attributable to nature (tornado, earthquake, epidemic, flood etc.)
- Causes not attributable to nature (air crash, drowning, explosion, poisoning, traffic accidents etc).
iii.The report contains the details of deaths due to road accidents by causes, place of occurrence, type of road, month of occurrence and by time of occurrence.
iv.The report also contains the details on suicide by causes like bankruptcy, marriage, relationships, failures, property disputes etc and details of professional educational and social profile of the victims.
v.This also contains details of farmer’s suicide by cause, educational and scial status etc.,
The reason of suicides among farmers has not been published by NCRB since 2015.
i.According to the report the variation percentage of accidental deaths and suicide during 2019 over 2018 are around 2.3% and 3.4% respectively.
ii.Traffic accidents are the major contributor of the total accidental deaths in India which amounts to around 43% of total accidental deaths followed by sudden deaths, drowning and poisoning which collectively contributed around 24%.
iii.Natural disasters contribute 2% of the accidental deaths.
i.According to the report, road crash deaths in the country have increased by 1.3 per cent to 1,54,732 from 1,52,780.Number of accidents in the city, however, sees a decline of 7.2% as compared to 2018.
ii.Delhi recorded the highest number of deaths due to dangerous driving and overall road accidents in 2019.In Chennai and Bengaluru, 1,258 and 768 persons died in road accidents respectively.
i.Around 85% of the deaths due to traffic accidents were in the road accidents and the remaining 15% was caused due to railway accidents and accidents at the railway crossing.
ii.Around 7.7% victims of road accidents were pedestrians and motorised two wheelers are stated as the deadliest with 38%.
iii.Road traffic injuries is the 8th leading cause of death in India of which around 65% belong to the age group of 18 – 45 years.
i.The report states that around 139,123 people died by suicide in India during 2019.
ii.Maharashtra (18,916), Tamil Nadu (13,493), West Bengal (12,665), Madhya Pradesh (12457) and Karnataka (11,288) accounts for 49% of the suicides in India.
iii.Two third of suicides in India during 2019 belongs to the category with annual income less than Rs.1 lakh.
iv.Suicides among daily wage earners was higher which contributes 23% of those who died due to suicide.
v.The majority of the victims belong to the age group of 18-45 and educated.
i.According to the report the number of farmers which includes cultivators and farm labourers, who committed suicide in 2019 is around 10,281 which is only 68 numbers less than the farmers committed suicide in 2018.
ii.Suicide involving persons engaged in farming sector have increased in 2019 compared to 2018.
iii.Maharashtra topped the list constituting 38.2% (3927) of the such cases followed by Karnataka with 19.4%(1992), Andhra Pradesh with 10%(1029), Madhya Pradesh with 5.3%(541) and Telangana and Chhattisgarh with 4.9% (499) each.
iv.The farmers account for 7.4% of total suicides in India.
v.Maharashtra (2680) followed by Karnataka (1331), Andhra Pradesh (628) and Telangana (491) record the highest suicides in the farming sector which includes farmers and cultivators in India during 2019.
vi.West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep and Puducherry reported ‘zero’ farmer suicides that includes cultivators and agricultural labourers during 2019.
Report Analysis carried out by SaveLIFE Foundation:
Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest road crash deaths with 15% of total deaths followed by Maharashtra with 9.4% and Madhya Pradesh with 7.7%.
97.3% of total traffic accidents occur in the 53 mega cities of India during 2019 where Chennai accounts for 10.2% of total road accidents reported in mega cities followed by Delhi with 8.0%.
Recent Related News:
i.National Crime Record Bureau’s (NCRB) report on Crime in India for the year 2018 was released. The report finds that over 50 lakh crimes have been registered in 2018 which is 1.3% more than that of 2017.
ii.National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report titled ‘missing women and children in India’ states that the highest number (33,964) of women who go missing in India are from Maharashtra & the number of missing children are maximum (10, 038) in the State of Madhya Pradesh (MP) in the year 2016, 2017 & 2018.
Director– Ramphal Pawar, IPS
Headquarters– New Delhi