The United Nations (UN) International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (IDEI) is annually observed across the globe on 2nd November to pay tribute to journalists killed in the line of duty, and to raise awareness about the dangers of impunity for crimes committed against journalists.
- The day also highlights the active role of journalism and the media in preventing and combating violence and discrimination in digital environments.
i.On 18 December 2013, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the resolution A/RES/68/163 and proclaimed the 2 November of every year as the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (IDEI).
ii.The first-ever IDEI was observed on 2 November 2014.
Why November 2?
The date November 2 was chosen in commemoration of the assassination of 2 French journalists of the French radio station, Radio France Internationale (RFI) namely Ghislaine Dupont (57) and Claude Verlon (55) in Mali on 2 November 2013.
The 2023 observance of IDEI and its events was based on the concept note, “Violence against journalists, the integrity of elections, and the role of public leadership.”
- It aims to raise awareness and sensitize public opinion and the international community to the main challenges journalists and communicators face in exercising their profession.
i.In 2023, the main commemoration of IDEI takes place on 2 -3 November 2023 at the headquarters of the Organization of American States (OAS) in Washington D.C. the United States of America (USA).
ii.The event was organised in collaboration with key entities such as the OAS, the InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), and its Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression (RELE).
iii.The event on 3 November 2023 also commemorates the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the OAS Special Rapporteurship (1997) and the 30th anniversary of the UN Special Procedure (1993).
- The 2 specialized offices hold a pivotal role in promoting and safeguarding freedom of expression globally.