Current Affairs PDF Sales

India’s Param Siddhi bags 62nd Rank in TOP500 list of most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the World

AffairsCloud YouTube Channel - Click Here

India's-Param-Siddhi-bags-62nd-rank-in-list-of-500According to 56th Edition of the TOP500 project which ranks and details the 500 most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world, India’s Supercomputer – PARAM Siddhi-AIRanked 62 in the list of most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the World. Japan’s Fugaku topped the list, the second & third rank were taken by US (United States) Supercomputers “Summit” & “Sierra”.

Rank of India’s Supercomputer –PARAM Siddhi is 62.Click here to know more about TOP500 rank.

In a non-distributed computer system (co-located), all the components are in a single location.

The Top500 project Rankings are published twice a year. In this list, computers are ranked based on their performance on the LINPACK Benchmark.

Pratyush & Mihir:

Another Supercomputer, Pratyush – Ranked 77 featured in the Top 100 while “Mihir” – Ranked 144 featured in the list of Top 500 supercomputers in the list.

Both Pratyush and Mihir are located at two Government Institutes.

Key Points:

i.Japan, USA, Germany, Italy and France dominated the first 100 systems.

ii.The list comprised 212 systems of China followed by the US (113) and Japan (34).

iii.US maintained its domination performance wise, offering a total of 668.7 Petaflops, seconded by Japan (593.7 Petaflops) and China (593.7 Petaflops).

PARAM Siddhi-AI:

i.It was established in 2020 under the National Supercomputer Mission (NSM). It has a Rpeak capacity of 5.267 Petaflops and Rmax capacity of 4.6 Petaflops.

ii.It will be installed in the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing’s (C-DAC) unit, Pune.

iii.It is jointly developed by the Ministry of Electronic & Information Technology and Department of Science & Technology (DST).

Application:

i.The Artificial Intelligence-based system’s wide applications covers the field of education, space, agriculture, defence and national security, astrophysics, drug design and preventive healthcare systems.

ii.It will be used for flood forecasting in major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Patna and Guwahati.

Pratyush & Mihir:

Pratyush & Mihir are two supercomputers established at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast (NCMRWF), Noida.

i.Pratyush and Mihir are two High Performance Computing (HPC) units.

ii.They are used for weather forecasting and climate research in India.

iii.Pratyush has a Rpeak capacity of 4.2 Petaflops and Rmax Capacity of 3.9 Petaflops, whereas Mihir has a Rpeak capacity of 2.7 Petaflops and Rmax Capacity of 2.4 Petaflops and is installed at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting.

Recent Related News:

i.C-DAC commissioned India’s largest HPC-AI supercomputer ‘PARAM Siddhi-AI’ to be at par with international standards in Artificial Intelligence.

About Ministry of Science and Technology:

Union Minister– Harsh Vardhan

Departments under the ministry– Department of Science & Technology(DST), Department of Biotechnology(DBT), Department of Scientific & Industrial Research(DSIR)

About Top 500:
Authors – Erich Strohmaier, Jack Dongarra, Horst Simon & Martin Meuer.
Site Managed by – Sinsheim,Germany