In accordance with the Second Advance Estimates for crop year 2019-20 by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, the total foodgrain production in the country is estimated at record 291.95 million tonnes as compared to the production of foodgrain of 285.21 million tonnes in 2018-19. It should be noted that the 2019-20 production is also higher by 26.20 million tonnes than the previous five years’ (2013-14 to 2017-18) average production of foodgrain. India’s crop year is July-JuneReason Behind the increase
The cumulative rainfall in the country during the monsoon season (June to September, 2019) has been 10% higher than Long Period Average (LPA), resulting in a boost in foodgrain production.
i.Production of rice– It is increased by 9.67 million tonnes in 2019-20 at record 117.47 million tonnes as compared to five years’ average production of 107.80 million tonnes.
ii.Production of wheat– Estimated at record 106.21 million tonnes for 2019-20, it is higher by 2.61 million tonnes as compared to wheat production during 2018-19 and is higher by 11.60 million tonnes than the average wheat production of 94.61 million tonnes.
iii.Production of Nutri / Coarse Cereals– It has been increased to 45.24 million tonnes, a 2.18 million tonnes increase as compared to 43.06 million tonnes achieved during 2018-19. It is also higher by 2.16 million tonnes than the average production.
iv.Production of Pulses– Total Pulses production during 2019-20 is estimated at 23.02 million tonnes which is higher by 2.76 million tonnes than the Five years’ average production of 20.26 million tonnes.
v.Production of oilseeds– For 2019-20 it is estimated at 34.19 million tonnes which is higher by 2.67 million tonnes than the production of 31.52 million tonnes during 2018-19.
2019-20 is higher by 4.54 million tonnes than the previous 5 years average oilseeds production.
vi.Production of Sugarcane– During 2019-20, it is estimated at 353.85 million, a 4.07 million tonnes than the average sugarcane production of 349.78 million tonnes.
vii.Production of Cotton– It is estimated at 34.89 million bales (of 170 kg each) is higher by 6.85 million bales than the production of 28.04 million bales during 2018-19.
viii.Production of Jute & Mesta– It is estimated at 9.81 million bales (of 180 kg each).
ix.Other Productions– Maize – 28.08 million tonnes, Tur – 3.69 million tonnes, Gram – 11.22 million tonnes, Soyabean – 13.63 million tonnes, Rapeseed and Mustard – 9.11 million tonnes, and Groundnut – 8.24 million tonnes
About Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW):
It functions under the Ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare
Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare– Narendra Singh Tomar
Minister of State– Parshottam Rupala, Kailash Choudhary