On February 20, 2020, According to the report, “A future for the world’s children?” commissioned by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and The Lancet medical journal, India ranks 77th in terms of Sustainability Index and 131st in the Flourishing Index of Children’s Survival, health,education and Well-being.
Sustainability index is associated with per capita carbon emissions and ability of children in a nation to live healthy lives.Key Points:
i.Norway tops the list of Child Flourishing Index followed by Republic of Korea (2nd) and the Netherlands(3rd ).
In Sustainability Index, Burundi secures top spot followed by Chad (2nd ) and Somalai(3rd )as these are lowest emitters.While United States of America (USA), Australia and Saudi Arabia are among the 10 worst emitters of CO2.Each Norway, Korea and Netherlands releases 210% more than the per capita CO2 than its target of 2030.
ii.A commission of more than 40 child and adolescent health experts funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) from around the world has released the report ,where the capacity of 180 countries has been assessed whether they are able to ensure that their children grow and prosper.
iii.As per the report, due to the problem of stunting(low height for age) and poverty, about 250 million children under five years old in low- and middle-income nations are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential.
iv.Chance of survival: The index shows that children in Norway, the Republic of Korea, and the Netherlands have the best chance at survival, but children in Central African Republic, Chad, Somalia, Niger and Mali face the worst chance of survival rate.
v.In some countries children watch more than 30,000 advertisements on television alone in a single year, while youth exposure to vaping (e-cigarette) advertisements to 24 million young people ,up by more than 250 % in the US over 2 years.
vi.The number of obese children and adolescents increased to 124 million in 2016 from 11 million in 1975 , an 11-fold increment, with serious social costs.
List of Top 3 & Bottom 3 countries on Sustainability & Child flourishing Index
|Rank||Sustainability Index||Child flourishing Index
|2||Chad||Republic of Korea|
|179||Trinidad and Tobago||Chad|
|180||Qatar||Central African Republic|
About World Health Organization(WHO):
Formation– 7 April 1948
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland
Director-General– Tedros Adhanom
About United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
Formation– 11 December 1946 (as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)
Headquarters– New York City, USA
Executive Director– Henrietta H. Fore