India has announced its INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) with reference to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) committing to reduce its emissions intensity by 33-35% by 2030. With this India becomes the 147th country to submit and publicizing its INDC to UNFCC among its 196 members.
(Union Environment Minister – Prakash Javadekar)
- Countries have outlines their post 2020 plans to cut down their emission which will be reported and discussed during 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference that will going to be held in Paris, France from November 30 to December It will be the 21st annual session of the Conference.
The estimated outlay required by India to achieve climate change goals is at least $2.5 trillion.
STEPS TO BE TAKEN BY INDIA
- To reduce 33-35% emission by 2030 as compared to the earlier targets of 20% reduction in 2020 from 2005 taken in UN summit in 2009.
- To increase the share of non-fossil fuels like solar, wind, hydro, biomass and nuclear by 40% in terms of power generation.
- To increase forest and tree cover so to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide gas (CO2).
- To implement Green India Mission and to invest in other climate change programmes relating to agriculture, water, coastal regions, Himalayas, disaster management so to raise awareness.
- To develop 25 Solar Parks, to supply 100,000 solar pumps to farmers and the conversion of country’s 55,000 petrol pumps into solar.
- To keep per capita emission of per person lower than the average of the developed countries.
- Introduction of new technologies in thermal power generation
- To reduce emissions in transportation sector.
After China and US, India is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases with contribution of about7% of greenhouse emissions globally.
WHAT ARE INDCs?
Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are submitted to UNFCC before the summit that combines the United Nations climate agreements which have been publically declare by each member country with an ambition to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and to keep global temperature below a ceiling of 2 degrees Celsius.
- Last date of INDC submission was October 1, 2015