IBPS Clerk Prelims: Reasoning Day 14

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Stratus – IBPS Clerk Course 2015 

Stratus - IBPS Clerk - Daily Test - Reasoning
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Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:
There are seven persons named A, B, C, D, K, L and N who are seated in a straight line facing North in ascending order of their salaries. N earns more than L and D. N earns more than A but he does not earn the highest. A earns more than L. The person who earns the second highest receives a salary of Rs 35,000 while the third lowest earner receives Rs 23,000. K earns less than L but more than D. C earns Rs 18,000.

  1. Who among the following earn(s) more than 23,000 but less than 35,000?
    A) Only A
    B) Only L
    C) A and L
    D) K and L
    E) Cannot be determined
    Answer
    C) A and L
    Explanation:

    We get the order as D     K       L       A        N
    Now two are left, B and C, it is given that N does not earn the highest and C earns 18000. This implies that B must earn the highest.
    Now third lowest earns 23,000 and C earns 18,000, so K should earn 23,000. Final order is
    C(18000)/D         D/C(18000)            K(23000)          L      A       N(35000)          B
  2. Who among the following may earn 21,000?
    A) K
    B) D
    C) L
    D) C
    E) Cannot be determined
    Answer
    B) D
    Explanation:

    21000 < 23000, so either C or D, but for C 18000 is given, So D – 21000
  3. Who among the following earns more than K but less than A?
    A) C
    B) N
    C) D
    D) L
    E) Cannot be determined
    Answer
    D) L
    Explanation:

    L is in between
  4. Who among the following earns the highest?
    A) B
    B) N
    C) A
    D) L
    E) Cannot be determined
    Answer
    A) B
  5. Who among the following earns 35,000?
    A) N
    B) A
    C) L
    D) B
    E) Cannot be determined
    Answer
    A) N 

Directions (6 – 10):
(A) only 1st follows
(B) only 2nd follows
(C) either 1st or 2nd
(D) neither 1st nor 2nd
(E) both 1st and 2nd

  1. Statements: All lions are ducks. No duck is a horse. All horses are fruits
    Conclusions:
    I. Some fruits are horses
    II. All ducks are fruits is a possibility.
    Answer
    (E) both 1st and 2nd
    Explanation:

    I follows from 3rd statement.
    For II14-6
  2. Statements: All bricks are flowers. Some houses are flowers. All pens are houses
    Conclusions:
    I. Some pens are flowers.
    II. No pen is flower
    Answer
    (C) either 1st or 2nd Explanation:
    Both conclusions are wrong. Subject and predicate in both conc. is same. One is positive and the other negative. So either of two follows.
  3. Statements: Some benches are walls. All walls are houses. Some houses are jungles. All jungles are roads.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some roads are benches.
    II. Some houses are benches
    Answer
    (B) only 2nd follows
    Explanation:

    I is not definite
    II follows from first 2 statements.
  4. Statements: Some pianos are violins. Some violins are drums. All drums are guitars. No guitar is a flute.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some guitars are pianos.
    II. Some drums are flutes is a possibility.
    Answer
    (D) neither 1st nor 2nd
    Explanation:

    I is not definite.
    II – If some drums are flutes, then some guitars will be flute which is not possible.
  5. Statements: All dials are mirrors. All mirrors are spoons. Some spoons are decks. No spoon is chair.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some spoons are dials.
    II. Some decks are not chairs
    Answer
    (E) both 1st and 2nd
    Explanation:

    In II – All decks are chairs is not a possibility, so II follows