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IBPS Clerk Prelims 2017: Important Reasoning Topics & Sample Questions

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IBPS Clerk Prelims 2017 is scheduled to be held on 2nd, 3rd, 9th and 10 December. Reasoning is one of the important and time-consuming sections in the exam. The Reasoning section will have 35 questions carrying 35 marks. To help you with some last-minute improvement, we bring to you few must do reasoning questions. These questions are brought to you by Oliveboard, an online exam preparation platform for government and banking jobs. Before that, let’s glance through the topic-wise break up with no. of questions.

Topic Vs Questions
Coding Decoding 4
Inequalities 5
Syllogism 5
Blood Relation 2
Direction Sense 2
Seating Arrangement 6
Puzzles 6
Miscellaneous 5
Total 35

P.S. The topic -wise break-up of questions is approximate and based on previous years’ trends.

As reasoning is one of the most time-consuming sections in the IBPS clerk exam, to categorize the section in terms of difficulty can be a good trick. You can categorize this section in simple, medium and complex and attempt questions in the same order. This way you will be able to finish more number of answers on time. Below is the categorization and sample questions that you must try to improve your Reasoning preparation for the upcoming exam.

IBPS Clerk Prelims 2017 – Important Reasoning Topics & Sample Questions

  1. Classification/Odd Pair

Sample Question:

  1. a) Treachery
  2. b) Fraud
  3. c) Deceit
  4. d) Morbid

Answer: Here, we can see that all except Morbid are synonymous to each other as they all mean ‘falsehood’ while ‘morbid’ means ‘diseased’. So, here we should have good vocabulary to solve such questions.

  1. Series Completion

Sample Question:

120, 99, 80, 63, 48?

  1. a) 35
  2. b) 38
  3. c) 39
  4. d) 40

Answer: a) 35.
The given series is 120,99,80,63,48….
The difference between the series is 120-99=21, 99-80=19 and so on.
The pattern is – 21, – 19, – 17, – 15….
The main difference between the answer is 2 for all so at the end 63-48 we got 15 so 15-2=13. Therefore, 48-13=35.

  1. Direction Based

Sample Question:
One morning Jon Snow and Samwell Tarly were talking to each other face to face at a crossing. If Samwell Tarly’s shadow was exactly to the left of Jon Snow, which direction was Jon Snow facing?

  1. a) East
  2. b) West
  3. c) North
  4. d) South

Answer: c) North.
Shadow is directly related to direction. Sun rises in the east, so shadow will be in the left, here, shadow of Samwell Tarly is left of Jon Snow. It means Jon Snow is towards north.

  1. Inequalities

Sample Question:
P < Q ≤ S = T, R = Q < U, V > U
P > U
V > T
if only conclusion I follows.
if only conclusion II follows.
if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
if both conclusions I and II follow.
Answer: d) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.

  1. Blood Relations

Sample Question:
If A + B means A is the mother of B; A – B means A is the brother B; A % B means A is the father of B and A x B means A is the sister of B, which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q?

  1. a) Q – N + M x P
  2. b) P + S x N – Q
  3. c) P – M + N x Q
  4. d) Q – S % P

Answer: c) P – M + N x Q
P – M → P is the brother of M
M + N → M is the mother of N
N x Q → N is the sister of Q
Therefore, P is the maternal uncle of Q.

  1. Coding Decoding

Sample Question:
If in a certain language, MADRAS is coded as NBESBT, how is BOMBAY coded in that code?


Answer: b) CPNCBZ
Each letter in the word is moved one step forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the code.

  1. Seating Arrangement

Sample Question:
A, P, R, X, S and Z are sitting in a row. S and Z are in the centre. A and P are at the ends. R is sitting to the left of A. Who is to the right of P?

  1. a) A
  2. b) X
  3. c) S
  4. d) Z

Answer: b) X
Hope this helps!
Now, ace your exam preparation with Oliveboard Mocks!