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Greenbone Sustainable Resilience data: Maharashtra tops States hit by global medical data leak

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On February 05, 2020 according to the recent report published by German cybersecurity firm Greenbone Sustainable Resilience, Maharashtra topped among the Indian states which has been hit by global medical data leak. The analysis was made after data of around 120 million Indian patients were leaked and made freely available on the internet.Greenbone Sustainable Resilience data:

i.State ranks: Data leaked states: Maharashtra which topped among Indian states had 3,08,451 data leaks giving access to 6,97,89,685 images.

  • Maharashtra was followed by Karnataka in 2nd place with 1,82,865 data leaks giving access to 1,37,31,001 images.
  • Other states: West Bengal, Telangana and Gujarat ranked in the 3rd, 4th and 5th place respectively.

ii.First report: This report was released after the recently published Greenbone’s initial report which was published in October 2019. After the release of the 1st data, the patient information rose from 6.27 lakhs to 1.01 million. The images of the patient rose from 105 million to 121 million.

iii.Leaked data: Some of the widespread data leak include massive numbers of records, including images of CT (computerized tomography)scans, X-rays, MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) and also pictures of the patients.

iv.Follow up report 2019: The follow up report was published in November 2019. The report classified countries based on 3 categories namely  “good”, “bad” and “ugly” based on the actions taken by govt. after the release of the 1st report.

  • India was ranked 2nd in the ugly category after the United States (US).

v.PACS servers: The data leak was made accessible through Picture Archiving and Communications Systems (PACS) servers. It is the place where these medical details were stored. PACS servers are not secure and are linked to the public internet without data protection.

Data leak state rank:


3West Bengal


About Maharashtra:
Capital- Mumbai.
Governor- Bhagat Singh Koshyari.
Chief minister- Uddhav Bal Thackeray.
National Parks- Tadoba NP, Sanjay Gandhi NP, Chandoli NP, Gugamal NP, Navegaon NP.