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English Questions: Vocabulary set – 9

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Hello Aspirants.
Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.

1. Unforeseeable – unpredictable,  अपूर्वानुमेय

Meaning – not able to be anticipated or predicted.

usage – “too many unforeseeable political consequences could arise from such a decision”

2. Spearheading – leading,  अगुवाई

Meaning – lead (an attack or movement).

usage – “he’s spearheading a campaign to reduce the number of accidents at work”

synonyms – lead, head, front, be the driving force behind; be in the forefront of, be in the front line of, lead the way in/for, be in the van of, be in the vanguard of etc

3. Expel – discharge,  निकालना

Meaning – officially make (someone) leave a school or other organization.

Usage – “she was expelled from school”

Synonyms – throw out, bar, ban, debar, drum out, thrust out, push out, turn out, oust, remove, get rid of; reject, dismiss; blackball, blacklist; cashier; informal chuck out, sling out, fling out, kick/boot out, heave out, send packing, etc.

4. Consequences – result, परिणाम

Meaning – a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.

Usage – “abrupt withdrawal of drug treatment can have serious consequences”

Synonyms –  result, upshot, outcome, out-turn, sequel, effect, reaction, repercussion, reverberations, ramification, end, end result, conclusion, termination etc.

5. Relentless – continuous,  लगातार

Meaning – unceasingly intense.

Usage – “the relentless heat of the desert”

Synonyms – persistent, continuing, constant, continual, continuous, non-stop, lasting, never-ending, steady, uninterrupted, unabated, unabating, unbroken, interminable, incessant etc.

6. Hegemony – dominance,  प्रभुत्व

Meaning – leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.

Usage – “Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871”

Synonyms – leadership, dominance, dominion, supremacy, ascendancy, predominance, primacy, authority, mastery, control, power etc.

7. Reinforces – strengthen,  मजबूत

Meaning – strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

Usage – “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

Synonyms – strengthen, fortify, bolster up, shore up, buttress, prop up, underpin, brace, stiffen, toughen, support etc.

8. prophecy – prediction,   भविश्यवाणी

Meaning – a prediction of what will happen in the future.

usage – “a bleak prophecy of war and ruin”.

synonyms – prediction, forecast, prognostication, prognosis, divination, augury etc.

9. Ingrains – instill,  अन्तर्निहित

Meaning – (of a habit, belief, or attitude) firmly fixed or established; difficult to change.

Usage – “his deeply ingrained Catholic convictions”

Synonyms – entrenched, established, fixed, implanted, deep-rooted, rooted, deep-seated, settled, firm, unshakeable, ineradicable etc.

10.  Empirical – experimental,  अनुभवजन्य

Meaning – based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.

Usage – “they provided considerable empirical evidence to support their argument”.

Synonyms – observed, seen, factual, actual, real, verifiable, first-hand; experimental, experiential; practical, pragmatic, hands-on, applied etc.