Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. Unforeseeable – unpredictable, अपूर्वानुमेय
Meaning – not able to be anticipated or predicted.
usage – “too many unforeseeable political consequences could arise from such a decision”
2. Spearheading – leading, अगुवाई
Meaning – lead (an attack or movement).
usage – “he’s spearheading a campaign to reduce the number of accidents at work”
synonyms – lead, head, front, be the driving force behind; be in the forefront of, be in the front line of, lead the way in/for, be in the van of, be in the vanguard of etc
3. Expel – discharge, निकालना
Meaning – officially make (someone) leave a school or other organization.
Usage – “she was expelled from school”
Synonyms – throw out, bar, ban, debar, drum out, thrust out, push out, turn out, oust, remove, get rid of; reject, dismiss; blackball, blacklist; cashier; informal chuck out, sling out, fling out, kick/boot out, heave out, send packing, etc.
4. Consequences – result, परिणाम
Meaning – a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Usage – “abrupt withdrawal of drug treatment can have serious consequences”
Synonyms – result, upshot, outcome, out-turn, sequel, effect, reaction, repercussion, reverberations, ramification, end, end result, conclusion, termination etc.
5. Relentless – continuous, लगातार
Meaning – unceasingly intense.
Usage – “the relentless heat of the desert”
Synonyms – persistent, continuing, constant, continual, continuous, non-stop, lasting, never-ending, steady, uninterrupted, unabated, unabating, unbroken, interminable, incessant etc.
6. Hegemony – dominance, प्रभुत्व
Meaning – leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.
Usage – “Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871”
Synonyms – leadership, dominance, dominion, supremacy, ascendancy, predominance, primacy, authority, mastery, control, power etc.
7. Reinforces – strengthen, मजबूत
Meaning – strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
Usage – “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”
Synonyms – strengthen, fortify, bolster up, shore up, buttress, prop up, underpin, brace, stiffen, toughen, support etc.
8. prophecy – prediction, भविश्यवाणी
Meaning – a prediction of what will happen in the future.
usage – “a bleak prophecy of war and ruin”.
synonyms – prediction, forecast, prognostication, prognosis, divination, augury etc.
9. Ingrains – instill, अन्तर्निहित
Meaning – (of a habit, belief, or attitude) firmly fixed or established; difficult to change.
Usage – “his deeply ingrained Catholic convictions”
Synonyms – entrenched, established, fixed, implanted, deep-rooted, rooted, deep-seated, settled, firm, unshakeable, ineradicable etc.
10. Empirical – experimental, अनुभवजन्य
Meaning – based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.
Usage – “they provided considerable empirical evidence to support their argument”.
Synonyms – observed, seen, factual, actual, real, verifiable, first-hand; experimental, experiential; practical, pragmatic, hands-on, applied etc.