Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are provding some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. Jeopardy – risks, जोखिम
Meaning – danger of loss, harm, or failure.
Usage – “the whole peace process is in jeopardy”
synonyms –: danger, peril; at risk; endangerment, imperilment, insecurity; perilousness, riskiness, precariousness, uncertainty, instability, vulnerability, threat, menace etc.
2. Peasant – farmer class, कृषक वर्ग
Meaning – A peasant is a member of a traditional class of farmers, either laborers or owners of small farms.
Usage – “peasant farmers”
synonyms – agricultural worker, small farmer, rustic, son of the soil, countryman, countrywoman, farmhand, swain, villein, serf; paysan; muzhik, kulak; campesino, paisano; contadino; fellah; ryot; archaiccarl, cottier, kern, hind.
3. Extol – praise, प्रंशसा
Meaning – praise enthusiastically.
Usage – “he extolled the virtues of the Russian peoples”
synonyms – praise enthusiastically, go into raptures about/over, wax lyrical about, sing the praises of, praise to the skies, heap praise on, eulogize, rhapsodize over, rave about, enthuse about/over, gush about/over, throw bouquets at, express delight over.
4. Clumsy – awkward, बेढंगा
Meaning – awkward in movement or in handling things.
Usage – “the cold made his fingers clumsy”
synonyms – awkward, uncoordinated, ungainly, graceless, ungraceful, inelegant, gawky, gauche, gangling, cloddish, blundering, lumbering; bungling, bumbling, fumbling, inept, maladroit, unskilful, inexpert, unhandy, accident-prone.
5. Harbinger – predecessor, अग्रदूत
Meaning – a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another.
Usage – “witch hazels are the harbingers of spring”
synonyms – herald, sign, indicator, indication, signal, prelude, portent, omen, augury, forewarning, presage, announcer; forerunner, precursor, messenger, usher; avant-courier.
6. Quench – satisfied, संतुष्ट
Meaning – satisfy (one’s thirst) by drinking.
Usage – “firemen hauled on hoses in a desperate bid to quench the flames”
synonyms – extinguish, put out, snuff out, smother, douse, dampen down.
7. Wrangling – bargaining, मोलभाव
Meaning – have a long, complicated dispute or argument.
Usage – “the bureaucrats continue wrangling over the fine print”
synonyms – argue, quarrel, row, have a row, bicker, squabble, have words, debate, disagree, have a disagreement, have an altercation, be at odds, bandy words; contend, fight, have a fight, war, battle, feud, clash, grapple, brawl, spar, wrestle.
8. Peachy – good, अच्छी
Meaning – of the nature or appearance of a peach.
Usage – “everything is just peachy”
synonyms – attractive; excellent.
9. Bewitch – attractive, आकर्षक
Meaning – gerund or present participle, cast a spell over (someone).
Usage – “a handsome prince who had been bewitched by a sorceress”
synonyms – captivate, enchant, entrance, enrapture, charm, beguile, delight, fascinate, enthral, seduce, ravish, spellbind, hold spellbound, mesmerize, hypnotize, transfix; rarerapture.
10. Axiom – saying, सूक्ति
Meaning – a statement or proposition which is regarded as being established, accepted, or self-evidently true.
Usage – “the axiom that sport builds character”
synonyms – accepted truth, general truth, dictum, truism, principle; proposition, postulate; maxim, saying, adage, aphorism; rareapophthegm, gnome.