Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from Editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other competitive exams.
1. Composite – मिश्रण
Meaning – made up of several parts or elements.
Synonyms – blended, complex, compound, conglomerate, melded, synthesized etc.
Antonyms – homogeneous, simple, unblended, uncombined, uniform, unmixed etc.
2. legislation – कानून
Meaning – laws, considered collectively.
Usage – “it will require legislation to change this situation”
Synonyms – law-making, law enactment, law formulation, codification, prescription, ratification etc.
Antonyms – block, disallowance, hindrance, stop, veto etc.
3. Envisaged – उल्लिखित
Meaning – contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.
Usage – “the Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers”
Synonyms – foresee, predict, forecast, foretell, anticipate, expect, think likely, envision etc.
antonyms – be quiet, hide, withhold etc.
4. Virtual – अप्रत्यक्ष
Meaning – almost or nearly as described, but not completely or according to strict definition.
Usage – “the virtual absence of border controls”
Synonyms – effective, in effect, near, near enough, essential, practical, for all practical purposes, to all intents and purposes, in all but name, indirect, implied, implicit, unacknowledged, tacit etc.
antonyms – actual, authentic, real etc.
5. fatalities – भाग्यवशता
Meaning – an occurrence of death by accident, in war, or from disease.
Usage – “80 per cent of pedestrian fatalities occur in built-up areas”
Synonyms – death, casualty, mortality, victim, loss, dead person; dead etc.
6. convention – समझौता, सम्मेलन
Meaning – an agreement between states covering particular matters, especially one less formal than a treaty.
Usage – “the convention, signed by the six states bordering on the Black Sea, aims to prevent further pollution”
Synonyms – agreement, accord, protocol, compact, pact; treaty, concordat, entente; understanding, arrangement; contract, bargain, deal etc.
Antonyms – crankiness, creepiness, deviation, eccentricity etc.
7. presumptive – आनुमानिक
Meaning – of the nature of a presumption; presumed in the absence of further information.
Usage – “a presumptive diagnosis”
Synonyms – conjectural, speculative, tentative, suppositional, notional, hypothetical
8. Tiling – खि़ताब
Meaning – titles, captions, or subtitles added to something such as a book cover or video
Synonyms – Title
9. Rival – प्रतिद्वंद्वी
Meaning – a person or thing competing with another for the same objective or for superiority in the same field of activity.
Usage – “he has no serious rival for the job”
Synonyms – competitor, opponent, contestant, contender, challenger; adversary, antagonist, enemy, foe, nemesis; rarecorrival, vier etc.
Antonyms – assisting, associate, supporting etc.
10. Traction – संकर्षण
Meaning – the action of drawing or pulling something over a surface, especially a road or track.
Usage – “a primitive vehicle used in animal traction”
Synonyms – : grip, friction, adhesion, purchase, resistance; pull, haulage, propulsion, drag etc.
antonyms – slipperiness.