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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: Left behind: on the right to free, compulsory education

If there is one strong message from the findings of the Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) 2017, it is that the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act should cover the entire spectrum of 18 years, and not confine itself to those aged 6 to 14. Guaranteed inclusion will empower those in the 14-18 age group who are not enrolled anywhere, and help them acquire finishing education that is so vital to their participation in the workforce. The ASER sample study estimates that 14% of this age group — a total of 125 million young Indians in this category — are not enrolled. It is absolutely essential for all of them to get an education that equips them with the skills, especially job-oriented vocational capabilities, if the expectation of a demographic dividend is to be meaningful. Unfortunately, the state of rural elementary education is far from encouraging. To begin with, only 5% of the respondents in the survey, which was aided by the NGO Pratham, reported doing any kind of vocational course, and even among this small minority a third were enrolled for three months or less. Moreover, learning outcomes for those who had progressed to higher levels of schooling were shockingly low: only 43% of the youth could solve an arithmetic problem involving division of a three-digit number by a single digit; among those who were no longer in school, the percentage was sharply lower.
The insights available from successive studies point to progress being made in raw enrolment of children in school, but miserable failures in achieving learning outcomes. Also, enrolment figures often do not mean high attendance. It is not surprising, therefore, that a significant section of secondary level students find it difficult to read standard texts meant for junior classes or locate their own State on the map. There are also discrete differences among States on the number of youth who are not on the rolls in appropriate levels of schooling, with 29.4% of both boys and girls aged 17-18 not enrolled in a Chhattisgarh district, compared to 4.5% and 3.9%, respectively, in a Kerala district. The ASER data point to a massive digital divide, with 61% of respondents stating they had never used the Internet, and 56% a computer, while mobile telephony was accessible to 73%. Here too, girls were worse off in terms of access to computers and the Internet. Scaling up access to these can be achieved by bringing all children under the umbrella of a school, college or training institution. All expenditure on good education is bound to have a multiplier effect on productivity. What is needed is a vision that will translate the objectives of the RTE Act into a comprehensive guarantee, expanding its scope to cover all levels of education. This will remove the lacuna in policy that awaits remedy seven decades after Independence.

1.Confine(Verb) : सीमित

Meaning : keep or restrict someone or something within certain limits of (space, scope, or time).

Synonyms : enclose, incarcerate, imprison, intern, impound, hold captive, trap; shut in/up, keep, pen in/up, cage, lock in/up, coop (up), box up/in, immure, mew up; fence in, hedge in, hurdle, rail in, wall in/up; encircle, surround, ring, encompass, hem in, close in, kettle; corral; raregird, compass.

Antonyms : free, let go, liberate, release.

Usage : he does not confine his message to high politics.

2.Inclusion(Noun) : समावेश

Meaning – the action or state of including or of being included within a group or structure.

Synonyms
: incorporation, addition, insertion, introduction; involvement, taking in.

Antonyms : exclusion, subtraction.

Usage : they have been selected for inclusion in the scheme.

3.Equips(Verb) : लैस

Meaning : supply with the necessary items for a particular purpose.

Synonyms : provide, furnish, supply, issue, fit out, kit out, rig out, deck out, stock, provision, arm; array, attire, dress, outfit, accoutre; informalfix up.

Antonyms : not give, unfurnish.

Usage : all bedrooms are equipped with a colour TV.

4.Vocational(Adjective) : व्यवसायिक

Meaning : (of education or training) directed at a particular occupation and its skills.

Synonyms : business, career, employment, job-related, professional, vocational, work.

Antonyms : unmechanical, untechnical.

Usage : specialized vocational courses such as fashion and catering have been popular among students.

5.Insights(Noun) : अंतर्दृष्टि

Meaning : the capacity to gain an accurate and deep understanding of someone or something.

Synonyms : intuition, perception, awareness, discernment, understanding, comprehension, apprehension, appreciation, cognizance, penetration, acumen, astuteness, perspicacity, perspicaciousness, sagacity, sageness, discrimination, judgement, shrewdness, sharpness.

Antonyms
: ignorance, stupidity.

Usage : his mind soared to previously unattainable heights of insight.

6.Discrete(Adjective) : अलग

Meaning : individually separate and distinct.

Synonyms : separate, distinct, individual, detached, unattached, disconnected, discontinuous, disjunct, disjoined.

Antonyms : attached, combined, joined.

Usage : speech sounds are produced as a continuous signal rather than discrete units.

7.Massive(Adjective) : बड़ा

Meaning : large and heavy or solid.

Synonyms : huge, enormous, gigantic, very big, very large, great, giant, colossal, mammoth, vast, immense, tremendous, mighty, stupendous, monumental, epic, prodigious, mountainous, monstrous, titanic, towering, elephantine, king-sized, king-size, gargantuan, Herculean, Brobdingnagian, substantial, extensive, hefty, bulky, weighty, heavy, gross; informalmega, monster, whopping, whopping great, thumping, thumping great, humongous, jumbo, hulking, bumper, astronomical, astronomic; informalwhacking, whacking great, ginormous.

Antonyms : little, miniature, small, tiny.

Usage : these burial chambers were massive structures.

8.Scaling(Verb) : प्रवर्धन

Meaning : remove scale or scales from.

Synonyms : calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread, steps, system, way.

Antonyms : descend.

Usage : he scales the fish and removes the innards.

9.Umbrella(Noun) : छतरी

Meaning : a device consisting of a circular canopy of cloth on a folding metal frame supported by a central rod, used as protection against rain and

Synonyms : exclusive, incomprehensive, particular, selective, specific.

Antonyms
: brolly, bumbershoot, canopy, gamp, parapluie, sunshade.

Usage : parasol, sunshade; informalbrolly; informalbumbershoots; informalgamp.

10.Remedy(Noun) : उपाय

Meaning : a medicine or treatment for a disease or injury.

Synonyms : treatment, cure, medicine, medication, medicament, drug, restorative; antidote, prophylactic; nostrum, panacea, cure-all; therapy; archaicphysic, specific.

Antonyms : disease, injury, pain.

Usage : herbal remedies for aches and pains.