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English Questions: Vocabulary Set 215

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Hello Aspirants.

Welcome to Online English Section with explanation in AffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials , which is important and very helpful for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other exams !!!

The Hindu: The past catches up

By ordering an investigation by the Central Bureau of Investigation into more than 80 cases of suspected extra-judicial killings in Manipur, the Supreme Court has reiterated the principle of accountability as an essential part of the rule of law. These cases involved either suspected fake encounters or the use of excessive or retaliatory force. The court has rightly rebuffed an attempt by the government to stall any probe into these deaths on the ground that they were too old to be raked up now. It has taken the view that the killing of a person who was possibly innocent cannot be overlooked owing to mere lapse of time. The state cannot take advantage of its own inaction and scuttle a probe by citing the delay as a reason. Last year, the court had ruled that the armed forces cannot escape investigation for excesses even in places where they enjoy special powers, and that the legal protection provided by the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, or AFSPA, will have to yield to the principles of human rights. It is surprising that even after this ruling on petitions demanding an inquiry into 1,528 deaths in counter-insurgency operations in Manipur, the Attorney General had argued against the court ordering an investigation into some specific instances. In fact, he had come up with the unpalatable argument that inquiries conducted by the authorities in Manipur were biased in favour of the citizens owing to local pressure and the ground situation. The court stood firm in its assessment, deprecating the suggestion that all inquiries were biased and motivated.
The court’s order is yet another reminder that AFSPA has contributed to the climate of impunity in States where it is in force, especially in Manipur, and this may trigger a fresh demand for its repeal. The situation under AFSPA is so hostile to the concept of human rights that in many of these cases there was no inquiry at all. In some instances, the First Information Report was against the victim and not against the alleged perpetrators. It will not be easy for the investigators to get to the bottom of these incidents. It is possible that the special team to be constituted by the CBI Director will find witnesses hard to come by and face difficulties in gathering evidence in many cases. However, that cannot be a reason for denying or putting off a formal criminal investigation as required in law. Justice will be served if there is successful prosecution in at least some cases. Another worrying aspect in the domain of human rights is that the National Human Rights Commission has been reduced to a “toothless tiger”. It is grossly understaffed despite its increasing workload, and many State governments show little respect for its guidelines and instructions. The court’s directive that the Centre take note of the NHRC’s concerns and remedy the situation could not have come a day too soon.

1.Reiterated(Verb) : दोहराया

Meaning : say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

Synonyms :repeat, say again, restate, retell, recapitulate, go over (and over), iterate, rehearse, belabour, dwell on, harp on, hammer away at; informaldo over; archaicingeminate.

Antonyms : abjure, back down, backpedal, call off, cancel, change one’s mind, eat one’s words, forget it, go back on, have change of heart, recall, recant, reclaim, renege, repeal, repossess, repudiate, rescind, revoke, withdraw.

Usage : she reiterated that the government would remain steadfast in its support.

2.Retaliatory(Adjective) : मुंहतोड़

Meaning – (of an action) characterized by a desire for revenge.

Synonyms – castigating, correctional, disciplinary, in reprisal, in retaliation, penal, punishing, punitory,  retaliative, retaliatory, revengeful, vindictive.

Antonyms –  beneficial, rewarding.

Usage – fears of a retaliatory attack by the victim’s friends.

3.Rebuffed(Verb) : अस्वीकार कर दिया

Meaning : reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.

Synonyms : banned, blocked, denied, disavowed, dismissed, disowned, forbidden, forsaken, prohibited, rebuffed, rejected, repelled, repudiated, spurned, turned down, vetoed.

Antonyms
: allowed, consented to, permitted.

Usage :  I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms.

4.Overlooked(Verb) : की अनदेखी

Meaning : fail to notice.

Synonyms : discount, disdain, fail to notice, forget, ignore, leave out, leave undone, let fall between the cracks, let go, let slide, make light of, miss, omit, overpass, pass, pass by, pay no attention, slight, slip up.

Antonyms : attend, heed, honor, look at, notice, regard, respect.

Usage : he seems to have overlooked one important fact.

5.Scuttle(Noun) : कोयला रखने की टोकरी

Meaning : a metal container with a handle, used to fetch and store coal for a domestic fire.

Synonyms
: abandon, sink, submerge.

Antonyms :  abet, aid, encourage, help, inspirit.

Usage : a metal container with a handle, used to fetch and store coal for a domestic fire.

6.Unpalatable(Adjective) : कोयला रखने की टोकरी

Meaning : not pleasant to taste.

Synonyms : unappetizing, uninviting, unappealing, unsavoury, off-putting, inedible, uneatable; bitter, sour, rancid; disgusting, revolting, nauseating, sickening, horrible, tasteless, flavourless, bland, insipid; informalyucky, sick-making, gross.

Antonyms : palatable, tasty.

Usage :scraps of unpalatable food.

7.Deprecating(Verb) : बिनती करना

Meaning : express disapproval of.

Synonyms : disapprove of, deplore, abhor, find unacceptable, be against, frown on, take a dim view of, look askance at, take exception to, detest, despise, execrate; criticize, censure, condemn, denounce, protest against, inveigh against, rail against; informalknock, slam, hammer.

Usage : the school deprecates the social mixing of older and younger boys.

8.Impunity(Noun) : दण्ड मुक्ति

Meaning : exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.

Synonyms :  immunity, indemnity, exemption from punishment, freedom from punishment, exemption, non-liability, licence; amnesty, dispensation, pardon, reprieve, stay of execution, exoneration; privilege, special treatment, favouritism; carte blanche.

Antonyms : imprisonment, incarceration.

Usage : the impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings.

9.Repeal (Verb) : निरसन

Meaning : revoke or annul (a law or act of parliament).

Synonyms : revoke, rescind, cancel, reverse, abrogate, annul, nullify, declare null and void, make void, void, invalidate, render invalid, quash, abolish, set aside, countermand, retract, withdraw, overrule, override; vacate, avoid; archaicrecall; raredisannul.

Antonyms : approval, enactment, passage, sanction, validation.

Usage : the legislation was repealed five months later.

10.Prosecution(Noun) : अभियोग

Meaning : the institution and conducting of legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.

Synonyms : accomplishment, achievement, execution, performance, pursuance, pursuit, undertaking.

Antonyms : acquittal.

Usage : the organizers are facing prosecution for noise nuisance.