Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Dilapidated – जीर्ण
Meaning – (of a building or object) in a state of disrepair or ruin as a result of age or neglect.
Synonyms – run down, tumbledown, ramshackle, broken-down, in disrepair, shabby, battered, rickety, shaky, unsound, crumbling, in ruins, ruined, decayed, decaying, deteriorating, deteriorated, decrepit, worn out; neglected, uncared-for, untended, unmaintained, badly maintained; the worse for wear, falling to pieces, falling apart, gone to rack and ruin, gone to seed; informalshambly, slummy; informalshacky; informalrumpty.
Usage – a terrace of dilapidated Edwardian houses.
2. Motley – पंचमेल
Meaning – incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate.
Synonyms – miscellaneous, disparate, diverse, assorted, sundry, varied, mixed, diversified, heterogeneous.
Usage – a motley collection of old clothes.
3. Berate – गाली देना
Meaning – scold or criticize (someone) angrily.
Synonyms – rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, admonish, remonstrate with, chastise, chide, upbraid, take to task, pull up, castigate, lambaste, read someone the Riot Act, give someone a piece of one’s mind, go on at, haul over the coals, criticize, censure; informaltell off, give someone a talking-to, give someone a telling-off, dress down, give someone a dressing-down, give someone an earful, give someone a roasting, give someone a rocket, give someone a rollicking, rap, rap over the knuckles, slap someone’s wrist, let someone have it, send someone away with a flea in their ear, bawl out, give someone hell, come down on, blow up at, pitch into, lay into, lace into, tear into, give someone a caning, put on the mat, slap down, blast, rag, keelhaul; informaltick off, have a go at, monster, carpet.
Usage – she berated herself for being fickle.
4. Redound – सहायता देना
Meaning – contribute greatly to (a person’s credit or honour).
Synonyms – contribute to, be conducive to, result in, lead to, effect; have an effect on, affect.
Usage – he must hope that his diplomatic effort will still redound to his credit.
5. Primordial – मौलिक
Meaning – existing at or from the beginning of time; primeval.
Synonyms – ancient, earliest, first, prehistoric, antediluvian, antique, primeval, primitive, primal; rareautochthonous, autochthonic, primigenial.
Usage – these primordial chunks of dust and ice lie in the very fringes of the solar system.
6. Conundrum – पहेली
Meaning – a confusing and difficult problem or question.
Synonyms – problem, difficult question, vexed question, difficulty, quandary, dilemma; puzzle, enigma, mystery; informalposer, facer, stumper, cruncher.
Usage – some of the conundrums facing policy-makers in the 1980s.
7. Rejuvenate – फिर से युवा करना
Meaning – make (someone or something) look or feel better, younger, or more vital.
Synonyms – revive, revitalize, renew, regenerate, restore, breathe new life into, make someone feel young again, revivify, reanimate, resuscitate, refresh, reawaken, rekindle, put new life into, put new heart into, add some zest to, put some spark into, kick-start, uplift; reorganize, reconstruct, renovate, overhaul, revamp, modernize.
Usage – the leadership change was seen as an attempt to rejuvenate the party.
8. Inordinate – असामान्य
Meaning – unusually or disproportionately large; excessive.
Synonyms – excessive, undue, unreasonable, unjustifiable, unwarrantable, disproportionate, out of all proportion, unconscionable, unwarranted, unnecessary, needless, uncalled for, exorbitant, extreme, outrageous, preposterous; immoderate, overabundant, superfluous, extravagant, unrestrained, unrestricted, unlimited.
Usage – the job had taken an inordinate amount of time.
9. Sobriety – संयम
Meaning – the state of being sober.
Synonyms – soberness, clear-headedness; abstinence, teetotalism, non-indulgence; abstemiousness, temperance, moderation, moderateness.
Usage – the price of beer compelled me to maintain a certain level of sobriety.
10. Rectitude – इंसाफ
Meaning – morally correct behaviour or thinking; righteousness.
Synonyms – righteousness, goodness, virtue, moral virtue, morality, honour, honourableness, integrity, principle, probity, honesty, right-mindedness, trustworthiness, truthfulness, uprightness, upstandingness, good character, scrupulousness, decency, fairness, equity, justice; principles, ethics.
Usage – local worthies rarely challenged the rectitude of the chief constable.