Welcome to Online English Section with explanation inAffairsCloud.com. Here we are providing some difficult words from editorials, which is important for IBPS PO/CLERK/LIC AAO/RRB & SSC CGL EXAM and other !!!
1. Thrift – मितव्ययी
Meaning – using money and other resources carefully and not wastefully.
Synonyms – careful with money, provident, prudent, canny, economical, frugal, energy-efficient, energy-saving, fuel-efficient, fuel-saving, sparing, scrimping, abstemious, parsimonious, penny-pinching, miserly
Usage – “he had been brought up to be thrifty and careful”
2. Veracity – सच्चाई
Meaning – conformity to facts; accuracy.
Synonyms – truthfulness, truth, accuracy, accurateness, correctness, exactness, precision, preciseness, realism, authenticity, faithfulness, fidelity; reputability, honesty, sincerity, trustworthiness, reliability, dependability, scrupulousness, ethics, morality, righteousness, virtuousness, decency, goodness, probity.
Usage – “officials expressed doubts concerning the veracity of the story”
3. Clumsy – अनाड़ी
Meaning – awkward in movement or in handling things.
Synonyms – awkward, uncoordinated, ungainly, graceless, ungraceful, inelegant, gawky, gauche, gangling, cloddish, blundering, lumbering; bungling, bumbling, fumbling, inept, maladroit, unskilful, inexpert, unhandy, accident-prone.
Usage – “the cold made his fingers clumsy”
4. Tumult –
Meaning – a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people.
Synonyms – din, loud noise, racket, uproar, commotion, ruckus, rumpus, hubbub, pandemonium, babel, bedlam, brouhaha, fracas, furore, melee, frenzy, ado; shouting, yelling, clamour, clangour; stramash; informalhullabaloo; informalrow; datedaffray.
Usage – “a tumult of shouting and screaming broke out”
5. Courtesy – के सौजन्य से
Meaning – the showing of politeness in one’s attitude and behaviour towards others.
Synonyms – politeness, courteousness, good manners, civility, respect, respectfulness, deference, chivalry, gallantry, good breeding, gentility, graciousness, kindness, consideration, thought, thoughtfulness.
Usage – “he treated the players with courtesy and good humour”
6. Embolden – प्रोत्साहित करना
Meaning – give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.
Synonyms – give courage, make brave/braver, encourage, hearten, strengthen, fortify, stiffen the resolve of, lift the morale of; rouse, stir, stimulate, cheer, rally, give confidence, brace; fire, inflame, animate, motivate, invigorate, vitalize; informalbuck up; rareinspirit.
Usage – “emboldened by the claret, he pressed his knee against hers”
7. Tender – निविदा
Meaning – showing gentleness, kindness, and affection.
Synonyms – caring, kind, kindly, kind-hearted, soft-hearted, tender-hearted, compassionate, sympathetic, warm, warm-hearted, feeling, fatherly, motherly, maternal, gentle, mild, benevolent, generous, giving, humane; susceptible, vulnerable.
Usage – “he was being so kind and tender”
8. Endorse – समर्थन
Meaning – sign (a cheque or bill of exchange) on the back to make it payable to someone other than the stated payee or to accept responsibility for paying it.
Synonyms – countersign, sign on the back, initial, autograph, put one’s mark on, inscribe, superscribe; witness, validate; archaicunderwrite, side-sign; rarechirographate
Usage – “the cheque should be endorsed and sent to the third party”
9. Obscure – अस्पष्ट
Meaning – not discovered or known about; uncertain.
Synonyms – unclear, uncertain, unknown, in doubt, doubtful, dubious, mysterious, hazy, vague, indeterminate, concealed, hidden.
Usage – “his origins and parentage are obscure”
10. Treasure – खजाना
Meaning – a quantity of precious metals, gems, or other valuable objects.
Synonyms – riches, valuables, jewels, gems, gold, silver, precious metals, money, cash; wealth, fortune; treasure trove.
Usage – “the ransom was to be paid in diamonds and treasure”